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# Circuit Analysis with PSpice A Simplified Approach

By

## Nassir H. Sabah

ISBN 9781498796040
Published May 1, 2017 by CRC Press
805 Pages 2500 B/W Illustrations

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## Book Description

Electric circuits, and their electronic circuit extensions, are found in all electrical and electronic equipment; including: household equipment, lighting, heating, air conditioning, control systems in both homes and commercial buildings, computers, consumer electronics, and means of transportation, such as cars, buses, trains, ships, and airplanes. Electric circuit analysis is essential for designing all these systems.

Electric circuit analysis is a foundation for all hardware courses taken by students in electrical engineering and allied fields, such as electronics, computer hardware, communications and control systems, and electric power. This book is intended to help students master basic electric circuit analysis, as an essential component of their professional education. Furthermore, the objective of this book is to approach circuit analysis by developing a sound understanding of fundamentals and a problem-solving methodology that encourages critical thinking.

List of PSpice Simulations

Preface

Convention for Voltage and Current Symbols

Part I: Basic Concepts in Circuit Analysis

Chapter 1 Preliminaries to Circuit Analysis

Objective and Overview

1.1 What are electric circuits and what are they used for?

1.2 What laws govern the behavior of electric circuits?

1.3 What is electric current?

1.4 What is the direction of current?

1.5 What is voltage?

1.6 What is voltage polarity?

1.7 How are energy and power related to voltage and current?

1.8 What are ideal circuit elements and how do they handle energy?

1.9 Why resistance, capacitance, and inductance?

1.10 What are the approximations implicit in basic electric circuits?

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Resistive Circuits

Objective and Overview

2.1 Nature of Resistance

2.2 Ideal Resistors

2.3 Short Circuit and Open Circuit

2.4 Ideal, Independent Voltage Source

2.5 Ideal, Independent Current Source

2.6 Ideal, Dependent Sources

2.7 Nomenclature and Analysis of Resistive Circuits

2.8 Kirchhoff’s Laws

2.9 Series and Parallel Connections

2.10 Problem-Solving Approach

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 3 Circuit Equivalence

Objective and Overview

3.1 Circuit Equivalence and its Implications

3.2 Series and Parallel Connection of Resistors

3.3 Resistivity

3.4 Star-Delta Transformation

3.5 Series and Parallel Connection of Ideal Sources

3.6 Linear-Output Sources

3.7 Problem-Solving Approach Updated

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 4 Circuit Theorems

Objective and Overview

4.1 Excitation by Dependent Sources

4.2 Thevenin’s Theorem

4.3 Norton’s Theorem

4.4 Substitution Theorem

4.5 Source Absorption Theorem

4.6 Problem-Solving Approach Updated

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 5 Circuit Simplification

Objective and Overview

5.1 Superposition

5.2 Output Scaling

5.3 Redundant Resistors

5.4 Partitioning of Circuits by Ideal Sources

5.5 Source Rearrangement

5.6 Exploitation of Symmetry

5.6 Problem-Solving Approach Updated

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Appendix 5A Wheatstone Bridge

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 6 Circuit Equations

Objective and Overview

6.1 Node-Voltage Method

6.2 Dependent Sources in Node-Voltage Method

6.3 Mesh-Current Method

6.4 Dependent Sources in Mesh-Current Method

6.5 Problem-Solving Approach Updated

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 7 Capacitors, Inductors, and Duality

Objective and Overview

7.1 Voltage-Current Relation of a Capacitor

7.2 Voltage-Current Relation of an Inductor

7.3 Series and Parallel Connections of Initially-Uncharged Capacitors

7.4 Series and Parallel Connections of Initially-Uncharged Inductors

7.5 Duality

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Appendix 7A Derivation of the Dual of a Planar Circuit

Exercises and Problems

Objective and Overview

8.1 The Sinusoidal Function

8.2 Responses to Sinusoidal Excitation

8.3 Phasors

8.4 Phasor Relations of Circuit Elements

8.5 Impedance and Reactance

8.6 Governing Equations

8.7 Representation in the Frequency Domain

8.8 Phasor Diagrams

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Appendix 8A ac Bridges

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 9 Linear Transformer

Objective and Overview

9.1 Magnetic Coupling

9.2 Mutual Inductance

9.3 Linear Transformer

9.4 T-Equivalent Circuit

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Appendix 9A Energy Stored in Magnetically-Coupled Coils

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 10 Ideal Transforme

Objective and Overview

10.1 Magnetic Circuit

10.2 Ideal Transformer

10.3 Reflection of Circuits

10.4 Ideal Autotransformer

10.5 Transformer Imperfections

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 11 Basic Responses of First-Order Circuits

Objective and Overview

11.1 Capacitor Discharge

11.2 Capacitor Charging

11.3 Inductor Discharge

11.4 Inductor Charging

11.5 Generalized First-Order Circuits

11.6 Role of Transient

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 12 Basic Responses of Second-Order Circuits

Objective and Overview

12.1 Natural Responses of Series RLC Circuit

12.2 Natural Response of Parallel GCL Circuit

12.3 Charging of Series RLC Circuit

12.4 Procedure for Analyzing Prototypical Second-Order Circuits

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Appendix 12A More General Second-Order Circuits

Exercises and Problems

Part II: Topics in Circuit Analysis

Chapter 13 Ideal Operational Amplifier

Objective and Overview

13.1 Basic Properties

13.2 Feedback

13.3 Noninverting Configuration

13.4 Inverting Configuration

13.5 Applications of the Inverting Configuration

13.6 Difference Amplifier

13.7 Solving Problems on Operational Amplifiers

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 14 Frequency Responses

Objective and Overview

14.1 Analysis of Filters

14.2 Ideal Frequency Responses

14.3 First-Order Responses

14.4 Bode Plots

14.5 Second-Order Bandpass Response

14.6 Second-Order Bandstop Response

14.7 Second-Order Lowpass and Highpass Responses

14.8 Parallel Circuit

14.9 Summary of Second-Order Responses

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 15 Butterworth and Active Filters

Objective and Overview

15.1 Scaling

15.2 Butterworth Response

15.3 First-Order Active Filters

15.4 Non-Inverting Second-Order Active Filters

15.5 Inverting Second-Order Active Filters

15.6 Universal Filter

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 16 Responses to Periodic Inputs

Objective and Overview

16.1 Fourier Series

16.2 Fourier Analysis

16.3 Symmetry Properties of Fourier Series

16.4 Derivation of FSEs from those of Other Functions

16.5 Concluding Remarks on FSEs

16.6 Circuit Responses to Periodic Functions

16.7 Average Power and rms Values

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 17 Real, Reactive and Complex Power

Objective and Overview

17.1 Instantaneous and Real Power

17.2 Complex Power

17.3 Power Factor Correction

17.4 Maximum Power Transfer

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 18 Responses to Step and Impulse Inputs

Objective and Overview

18.1 Capacitor Response to Current Pulse

18.2 The Impulse Function

18.3 Response of Capacitive Circuits to Step and impulse inputs

18.4 Inductor Response to Voltage Pulse

18.5 Response of Inductive Circuits to Step and impulse inputs

18.6 Response of RLC Circuits to Step and Impulse Inputs

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 19 Switched Circuits with Initial Energy Storage

Objective and Overview

19.1 Series and Parallel Connections of Inductors with Initial Charges

19.2 Series and Parallel Connections of Inductors with Initial Currents

19.3 Switched Circuits

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 20 Convolution

Objective and Overview

20.1 Shifting in Time and Folding

20.2 The Convolution Integral

20.3 Operational Properties of Convolution

20.4 Special Cases of Convolution

20.5 Some General Properties of the Convolution Integral

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 21 Properties of the Laplace Transform

Objective and Overview

21.1 General

21.2 Operational Properties of the LT

21.3 Solution of Ordinary, Linear Differential Equations

21.4 Theorems on the Laplace Transform

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Appendix 21A Simplification of Rational Functions of s

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 22 The Laplace Transform in Circuit Analysis

Objective and Overview

22.1 Representation of Circuit Elements in the s Domain

22.2 Solution of Circuit Problems in the s Domain

22.3 Transfer Function

22.4 Interpretations of Circuit Responses in the s-Domain

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Problem-Solving Tips

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 23 Fourier Transform

Objective and Overview

23.1 Derivation of the Fourier Transform

23.2 Some General Properties of the Fourier Transform

23.3 Operational Properties of the Fourier Transform

23.4 Circuit Applications of the Fourier Transform

23.5 Parseval’s Theorem

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 24 Two-Port Circuits

Objective and Overview

24.1 Circuit Description

24.2 Parameter Interpretation and Relations

24.3 Equivalent Circuits

24.4 Composite Two-Port Circuits

24.5 Analysis of Terminated Two-Port Circuits

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Exercises and Problems

Chapter 25 Balanced Three-Phase Systems

Objective and Overview

25.1 Three-Phase Variables

25.2 The Balanced Y Connection

25.3 The Balanced D Connection

25.4 Analysis of Balanced Three-Phase Systems

25.5 Power in Balanced Three-Phase Systems

25.7 Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution

Learning Checklist: What should be learned from this chapter

Exercises and Problems

Appendices

Appendix A SI Units, Symbols, and Prefixes

Appendix B Useful Mathematical Relations

Appendix C PSpice Simulation

Appendix D Complex Numbers and Algebra

Appendix E Solution of Linear Simultaneous Equations

...

## Author(s)

### Biography

Nassir Sabah is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. He received his B.Sc. (Hons. Class I) and his M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Birmingham, U.K., and his Ph.D. in biophysical sciences from the State University of New York (SUNY/Buffalo). He has served as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering Department, Director of the Institute of Computer Studies, and Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, at the American University of Beirut. In these capacities, he was responsible for the development of programs, curricula, and courses in electrical, biomedical, communications, and computer engineering. Professor Sabah has extensive professional experience in the fields of electrical engineering, electronics, and computer systems, with more than 35 years teaching experience in electric circuits, electronics, neuroengineering, and biomedical engineering. He has over 100 technical publications, mainly in neurophysiology, biophysics, and biomedical instrumentation. He has served on numerous committees and panels in Lebanon and the region. Professor Sabah is a Fellow of the IET, U.K., and a member of the American Society of Engineering Education.

## Reviews

"… I like the author’s approach in using easy to understand language, an easy to follow format, and a pedagogical method in using constructive alignment in using aims and objectives at the start of each chapter … While there are other books, I have yet to find one that can simplify the material and approach to make it easy to understand, yet allow the students to go to all the way to solve complex or practical problems with confidence. The author convinces me that he has through trial and error found an optimal approach to allow this to happen."
Paul M. Holland, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom

## Support Material

### Ancillaries

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