For the first time in human history more people now live and towns and cities than in rural areas. In the wealthier countries of the world, the transition from predominantly rural to urban habitation is more or less complete. But in many parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America, urban populations are expanding rapidly. Current UN projections indicate that virtually all population growth in the world over the next 30 years will be absorbed by towns and cities in developing countries. These simple demographic facts have profound implications for those concerned with understanding and addressing the pressing global development challenges of reducing poverty, promoting economic growth, improving human security and confronting environmental change.
This revised and expanded second edition of Cities and Development explores the dynamic relationship between urbanism and development from a global perspective. The book surveys a wide range of topics, including: the historical origins of world urbanization; the role cities play in the process of economic development; the nature of urban poverty and the challenge of promoting sustainable livelihoods; the complexities of managing urban land, housing, infrastructure and urban services; and the spectres of endemic crime, conflict and violence in urban areas. This updated volume also contains two entirely new chapters: one that examines the links between urbanisation and environmental change, and a second that focuses on urban governance and politics.
Adopting a multidisciplinary perspective, the book critically engages with debates in urban studies, geography and international development studies. Each chapter includes supplements in the form of case studies, chapter summaries, questions for discussion and suggested further readings. The book is targeted at upper-level undergraduate and graduate students interested in geography, urban studies and international development studies, as well as policy makers, urban planners and development practitioners.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Development in the first urban century 2. World urbanisation in historical perspective 3. Urbanism and economic development 4. Urban poverty and livelihoods 5. Land, housing and urban services 6. Cities and environmental change 7. Crime, conflict and violence 8. Urban governance and politics 9. Conclusion: Shaping city futures
Sean Fox is Lecturer in Urban Geography and Global Development at the University of Bristol. His research has been published in journals such as Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Population and Development Review and World Development. He has also served as an advisor on urban development issues for a variety of international organisations, including DfID, CARE International and UN-Habitat.
Tom Goodfellow is Lecturer in Urban Studies and International Development at the University of Sheffield. His work has been published in a range of journals including Urban Studies, Comparative Politics and Development and Change. He has acted as an advisor to Oxfam on urban development issues and provided policy analysis for the UK Parliamentary Select Committee on International Development, as well as several government authorities in sub-Saharan Africa.
'This volume offers a clear, informative and readable introduction to urban centres and urbanisation with a focus on the global South. The breadth of its coverage and engaging narrative style will make it essential reading for those who want to be informed about the realities of urban development and its challenges. The authors summarise the evolution of debates about what is happening, why it is happening, and what might be done. A rich engagement with existing literature and detailed references support opportunities for further reading and challenge readers to reach their own conclusion.'
Professor Diana Mitlin, Global Urban Research Centre , University of Manchester, UK