This book sheds light on a particular facet of the link between politics and Islam through the analysis of the relationship between Islamism and the built environment. The relationship between Islam and politics has always been controversial, yet it has possibly never been as controversial as it is at the time of writing. This new edited volume sets out to explore the interactions between Islamisms and the built environment through issues such as:
- spatial negotiations between nation and Islam in the definition of national identity;
- everyday spaces and the making of Islamic milieus;
- the role of Islam in the making (and/or remaking) of state ideology via architecture and urban planning;
- the influence of globalization and transnational links on the spatial manifestations of Islam(ism); and
- transnational architectural exchanges through global Islam.
It expands on these issues through case studies analysing the role of the built environment and the urban realm as major media in the making of Islamist politics. The case studies incorporate manifestations in Muslim-dominated countries, including those where Islam has been at the heart of state ideology (Pakistan and Brunei), those with influential grassroots Islamist networks (pre-revolutionary Iran and Indonesia), those that identify with Islam through global exchanges (United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan and Turkey) and countries where Islam is an increasingly significant reference utilized by political actors (Algeria and Lebanon).
This book will appeal to students and scholars of architecture, urban studies and cultural studies, as well as those interested in the social and political aspects of the built environment.
Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Contributors
Introduction Islamisms and the Built Environment: Notes for a Research Agenda
Part 1 - Nations in Islam: Architecture across Borders
1. InterAsian Islamisms: Monumental Mosques and Modernity in Kazakhstan and Qatar
2. "Turkish House" Home and Abroad: Islamist Self-Orientalism and Architecture of Diplomacy
Part 2- Official versus Vernacular: Dispute over Local Spaces of Worship
3. Performing Algerian Islam in Bouteflika’s policies: Reflections from the nationalization of Sufi zawiya
4. Contesting Vision of Modernity? The case of Tanjung Bunut Mosque
Khairul Hazmi Zaini
Part 3 - Islamic Architectures of Nation Building
5. Representing "people" through Islamic Architecture in Pakistan
6. Is there moderation in ostentation? Architectural sectarianism and Lebanese Islamisms (2008-2018)
Part 4 - Public Spaces / Islamist Subjectivities
7. Monument to an Alternate Islamist Movement: Hosseinyeh Ershad and its Legacy
Pamela Karimi & Saba Madani
8. Islamist Urbanism and Spatial Performances in Indonesia
Bülent Batuman is Associate Professor of Architecture at Bilkent University, with joint appointment in the Department of Urban Design and Landscape Architecture and the Department of Architecture. He studied at the Middle East Technical University (Ankara, Turkey) and received his PhD in History and Theory of Art and Architecture from the State University of New York at Binghamton, USA. His research areas include social production and politics of the built environment, history and theory of modern architecture and urbanism, and urban politics. His current research focuses on the architectural politics of Islamism, and his latest book, New Islamist Architecture and Urbanism: Negotiating Nation and Islam through Built Environment in Turkey, was published by Routledge in 2018.