Cities in the 21st Century provides an overview of contemporary urban development. Written by more than thirty major academic specialists from different countries, it provides information on and analysis of the global network of cities, changes in urban form, environmental problems, the role of technologies and knowledge, socioeconomic developments, and finally, the challenge of urban governance.
In the mid-20th century, architect and planner Josep Lluís Sert wondered if cities could survive; in the early 21st century, we see that cities have not only survived but have grown as never before. Cities today are engines of production and trade, forges of scientific and technological innovation, and crucibles of social change. Urbanization is a major driver of change in contemporary societies; it is a process that involves acute social inequalities and serious environmental problems, but also offers opportunities to move towards a future of greater prosperity, environmental sustainability, and social justice.
With case studies on thirty cities in five continents and a selection of infographics illustrating these dynamic cities, this edited volume is an essential resource for planners and students of urbanization and urban change.
"This book skilfully delivers a collection of interconnected readings focusing on the contemporary urban development issues and directions for potential solutions. The book, with snapshots from numerous cities across the globe, is an invaluable reading for urban policy makers, researchers, practitioners and students." –Tan Yigitcanlar, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Foreword— Francesco Starace, Enel Chief Executive Officer Introduction—Oriol Nel·lo, Autonomous University of Barcelona Part 1 - Cities in the global socioeconomic network 1. Changing the city, changing the world—Mireia Belil, Fundació Forum – Barcelona Outlook 1. The City of London: center of capital flows—Giuseppina Siciliano, University of London 2. Cities in the World System— Michael Cohen, New School University – New York Outlook 2. New patterns of circulation of goods: the port of Shanghai— Irina Lazzerini, Enel Foundation 3. Cities as innovation: towards a new understanding of population growth, social inequality and urban sustainability—Julio Davila, University College London Outlook 3. Ceuta and Melilla: the paradox and drama of international migration—Oriol Porcel, Autonomous University of Barcelona Part 2 - Urban morphology: transformations and dissolutions 4. Regional urbanization and the end of the metropolis era—Edward Soja, University of California Los Angeles Outlook 4. The città diffusa of the Po valley—Angelo Facchini, Enel Foundation 5. New urban forms: the distinctive character of the European metropolis—Francesco Indovina, IUAV University Outlook 5. The new Luanda—Igor Cersosimo, CIEE – Beijing & Enel Foundation 6. Beyond Urbanalization: urban form and the low-carbon challenge—Francesc Muñoz, Autonomous University of Barcelona Outlook 6. Old and new commercial centres: bazaars vs shopping malls in Ankara—Oriol Porcel, Autonomous University of Barcelona 7. Mutations in the LatinAmerican metropolis: Santiago de Chile under neoliberal dynamics—Carlos de Mattos, Luis Fuentes, Felipe Link, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile Outlook 7. Observing changes in urban form through night satellite images in Buenos Aires and Lima— Jordi Martin, Autonomous University of Barcelona Part 3 - Urban ecosystems: resources and energy 8. Living at the edge of chaos: a complex systems view of cities—Gianluca Bocchi, University of Bergamo, Angelo Facchini, Enel FoundationOutlook 8. Climate-sensitive urbanization in Tokyo-Yokohama— Angelo Facchini, Enel Foundation 9. Cities in a low carbon world—Chris Kennedy, University of Toronto Outlook 9. Pathways to decarbonizing mobility in Madrid—C. Zulberti , Enel Foundation 10. Cities, climate change and lifestyles—Federico Butera, Politecnico di Milano Outlook 10. Urban agriculture in Melbourne—Giuseppina Siciliano, University of London 11. The mirage of the sustainable smart city. Planetary urbanization and the spectre of combined and uneven apocalypse—Erik Swyngedouw, University of Manchester Outlook 11. Energy access and water supply in urban centers in arid landscapes: the case of Noutkchott— Oriol Porcel, Autonomous University of Barcelona Part 4 - Urban technologies: information, knowledge, infrastructures and culture 12. The cognitive city—Franco Farinelli, University of Bologna Outlook 12. Talent concentration and brain drain in greater Boston—Oriol Porcel, Autonomous University of Barcelona 13. Dimensions of the future city—Mattew Claudel, Carlo Ratti, MIT - SenseAble city Lab Outlook 13. Shaping the city with big data: Seattle, Chicago and Lyon—Angelo Facchini, Enel Foundation 14. Cities, infrastructure and planning: levers to steer transitions—Tim Marshall, Oxford Brookes University Outlook 14. Managing public transport in Medellín—Irina Lazzerini, Enel Foundation 15. Group-form and urban infrastructural resilience: New York City as an example—Richard Plunz, Patricia Culligan, Columbia University Outlook 15. RES NOVÆ: new things and concepts in the smart city of Bari—Angelo Facchini, Enel Foundation Part 5 - The urban economy and society: dynamism and inequalities 16. The city as economic engine—Luis Carvalho, Leo van den Berg, European Institute for Comparative Urban Research Outlook 16. Urban festivals as tools for sustainable development: the case of the World Port Days in Rotterdam—Leo van den Berg, Erwin van Tuijl, Euricur, Erasmus University Rotterdam 17. Dynamism and inequalities in the global south cities—Caroline Moser, University of Manchester Outlook 17. Gender and spaces of fear: the case of Mexico City—Anna Ortiz, Autonomous University of Barcelona18. The city in the net. Infrastructural networks, economic development and urban form—Joan López, Autonomous University of Barcelona Outlook 18. Social construction of urban spaces in Barcelona, Glasgow and New York—Oriol Porcel, Autonomous University of Barcelona 19. "New Urbanisation": Theory, Challenges and Research—Dajian Zhu, Tongji University Outlook 19. The slums of Manila—Igor Cersosimo, CIEE – Beijing & Enel Foundation Part 6 - Governing cities: visions, projects and instruments 20. The rise of urban governance—Ronan Paddison, University of Glasgow Outlook 20. The "pacification" of Rio de Janeiro’s favelas—Oriol Porcel, Autonomous University of Barcelona 21. Urban policies: towards new scenarios of innovation and governance—Joan Subirats, Autonomous University of Barcelona Outlook 21. The regulation of urban citysenship. Shenzhen’s migrants—Igor Cersosimo, CIEE – Beijing & Enel Foundation 22. Up-dating Lorenzetti´s allegories on government towards a Europe of Cities—João Ferrão, University of Lisbon Outlook 22. Exchanging recyclable waste for electricity in Fortaleza—Angelo Facchini, Enel Foundation Part 7 – Infographic tables