The Cities of the Global South Reader adopts a fresh and critical approach to the fi eld of urbanization in the developing world. The Reader incorporates both early and emerging debates about the diverse trajectories of urbanization processes in the context of the restructured global alignments in the last three decades. Emphasizing the historical legacies of colonialism, the Reader recognizes the entanglement of conditions and concepts often understood in binary relations: first/third worlds, wealth/poverty, development/underdevelopment, and inclusion/exclusion. By asking: “whose city? whose development?” the Reader rigorously highlights the fractures along lines of class, race, gender, and other socially and spatially constructed hierarchies in global South cities. The Reader’s thematic structure, where editorial introductions accompany selected texts, examines the issues and concerns that urban dwellers, planners, and policy makers face in the contemporary world. These include the urban economy, housing, basic services, infrastructure, the role of non-state civil society-based actors, planned interventions and contestations, the role of diaspora capital, the looming problem of adapting to climate change, and the increasing spectre of violence in a post 9/11 transnational world.
The Cities of the Global South Reader pulls together a diverse set of readings from scholars across the world, some of which have been written specially for the volume, to provide an essential resource for a broad interdisciplinary readership at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in urban geography, urban sociology, and urban planning as well as disciplines related to international and development studies. Editorial commentaries that introduce the central issues for each theme summarize the state of the field and outline an associated bibliography. They will be of particular value for lecturers, students, and researchers, making the Cities of the Global South Reader a key text for those interested in understanding contemporary urbanization processes.
Table of Contents
List of figures
List of tables
Editors’ Introduction to the Volume
PART I THE CITY EXPERIENCED
"Urban Lives: Stories from Tehran"
PART II MAKING THE "THIRD WORLD" CITY
Section 1 Historical Underpinnings
"Colonialism and Urban Development"
Anthony D. King
Section 2 Development and Urbanization
"Development and the City"
"World Cities, or a World of Ordinary Cities?"
PART III THE CITY LIVED
Section 3 Migratory Fields
"The Urbanity of Movement: Dynamic Frontiers in Contemporary Africa"
"Migration and Privatization of Space and Power in Late Socialist China"
Section 4 Urban Economy
"Working in the Streets of Cali, Colombia: Survival Strategy, Necessity, or Unavoidable
"Anchoring Transnational Flows: Hypermodern Spaces in the Global South"
Section 5 Housing
"International Policy for Urban Housing Markets in the Global South since 1945"
"Women and Self-Help Housing Projects: A Conceptual Framework for
Analysis and Policy-Making"
Caroline O.N. Moser
"The Suburbanization of Jakarta: A Concurrence of Economics and Ideology"
PART IV THE CITY ENVIROMENT
Section 6 Basic Urban Services
"Environmental Problems of Third World Cities: A Global Issue Ignored?"
Jorge E. Hardoy and David Satterthwaite
"Victims, Villains and Fixers: The Urban Environment and Johannesburg’s Poor"
Jo Beall, Owen Crankshaw and Susan Parnell
"Formalizing the Informal? The Transformation of Cairo’s Refuse Collection System"
Section 7 Urban Infrastructure
"Urban Transport Policy as if People and the Environment Mattered:
Pedestrian Accessibility is the First Step"
Madhav G. Badami
"Kinshasa and Its (Im)material Infrastructure"
Filip De Boeck and Marie-Francoise Plissart
"‘Going South’ with the Starchitects: Urbanist Ideology in the Emirati City"
Section 8 Cities at Risk
Editors’ Introduction (with Andrew Rumbach)
"Reverberations: Mexico City’s 1985 Earthquake and the
Transformation of the Capital"
Diane E. Davis
"Disruption by Design: Urban Infrastructure and Political Violence"
"Between Violence and Desire: Space, Power, and Identity in the Making of Metropolitan
"Climate Dangers and Atoll Countries"
Jon Barnett and W. Neil Adger
PART V PLANNED INTERVENTIONS AND CONTESTATIONS
Section 9 Governance
"New Spaces, New Contests: Appropriating Decentralization for
Political Change in Bolivia"
Ben Kohl and Linda Farthing
"Deep Democracy: Urban Governmentality and the Horizon of Politics"
"Sovereignty: Crisis, Humanitarianism, and the Condition
of 21st Century Sovereignty"
Section 10 Participation
"The Citizens of Porto Alegre"
"Whose Voices? Whose Choices? Refl ections on Gender and
Section 11 Urban Citizenship
"Squatters and the State: The Dialectics between Social
Integration and Social Change (Case Studies in Lima, Mexico, and
Santiago de Chile)"
"Global Mobility, Shifting Borders and Urban Citizenship"
Michael Peter Smith and Luis Eduardo Guarnizo
"Cyberactivism and Citizen Mobilization in the Streets of Cairo"
Sahar Khamis and Katherine Vaughn
Section 12 The Transfer of Knowledge and Policy
"Why India Cannot Plan Its Cities: Informality, Insurgence and
the Idiom of Urbanization"
"International Best Practice, Enabling Frameworks and the
Policy Process: A South African
Faranak Miraftab is Professor in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where she teaches on globalization and transnational planning and coordinates the department’s international programs and activities for its undergraduate and graduate degree programs. Miraftab’s research concerns the global and local contingencies involved in the formation of the city and citizens’ struggle to access urban space and socio economic-resources.
Neema Kudva is Associate Professor in the Department of City and Regional Planning at Cornell University. She directs the International Studies in Planning Program (ISP) and is faculty lead of the Nilgiris Field Learning Center, a collaborative interdisciplinary project of Cornell University and the Keystone Foundation, India. Kudva’s research is in two areas: the institutional structures that undergird planning and development at the local level, and contemporary urbanization, particularly issues related to small cities and their regions.