This book is the first comprehensive examination of the citizenship regimes of the new states that emerged out of the break up of Yugoslavia. It covers both the states that emerged out of the initial disintegration across 1991 and 1992 (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Macedonia), as well as those that have been formed recently through subsequent partitions (Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo). While citizenship has often been used as a tool of ethnic engineering to reinforce the position of the titular majority in many states, in other cases citizenship laws and practices have been liberalised as part of a wider political settlement intended to include minority communities more effectively in the political process. Meanwhile, frequent (re)definitions of these increasingly overlapping regimes still provoke conflicts among post-Yugoslav states.
This volume shows how important it is for the field of citizenship studies to take into account the main changes in and varieties of citizenship regimes in the post-Yugoslav states, as a particular case of new state citizenship. At the same time, it seeks to show scholars of (post) Yugoslavia and the wider Balkans that the Yugoslav crisis, disintegration and wars as well as the current functioning of the new and old Balkan states, together with the process of their integration into the EU, cannot be fully understood without a deeper understanding of their citizenship regimes.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Citizenship Studies.
'Overall, Citizenship after Yugoslavia is a book for all those interested in at least one (but preferably, a combination) of the following: the causes and implications of the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia; addressing the issue of citizenship beyond legal considerations; and post-conflict democratization and nation-state building. However, even those scholars and students focusing on human rights, ethnic/religious identities, and regional (dis)integration in a broader, comparative sense would find valuable insights in this book.' - Nenad Rava completed a PhD at the Centre for the Study of Political Change (CIRCaP) at the University of Sienna, in which he examined the relationship between the quality of democracy and nation-state integration. Since 2001, he has worked as consultant for UN agencies, the EU, the World Bank, the OECD, and bilateral donors
1. Introduction: Citizenship in the New States of South Eastern Europe Jo Shaw and Igor Štiks 2. A Laboratory of Citizenship: Shifting Conceptions of Citizenship in Yugoslavia and post-Yugoslav States' Igor Štiks 3. Imagining and managing the nation: tracing citizenship policies in Serbia Jelena Vasiljević 4. Understanding Montenegrin citizenship Jelena Dzankić 5. Overlapping Jurisdictions, Disputed Territory, Unsettled State: The Perplexing Case of Citizenship in Kosovo Gëzim Krasniqi 6. Conceptualising Citizenship Regime(s) in post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina Eldar Sarajlić 7. The Fractured ‘We’ and the Ethno-National ‘I’ – the Macedonian Citizenship Framework Ljubica Spaskovska 8. Framing the citizenship regime within the complex triadic nexuses: The case study of Croatia Viktor Koska 9. In the name of the Nation or/and Europe? Determinants of the Slovenian citizenship regime Tomaž Deželan