Fifteen years after the fall of communism, we are able to appraise the results of the multi-faceted postcommunist transition in Central and Eastern Europe with authority. This volume specifically addresses the fascinating area of Civil-Military relations throughout this transitional period.
The countries of the region inherited a onerous legacy in this area: their armed forces were part of the communist party-state system and most were oriented towards Cold War missions; they were large in size and supported by high levels of defence spending; and they were based on universal male conscription. Central and eastern European states have thus faced a three fold civil-military reform challenge: establishing democratic and civilian control over their armed forces; implementing organisational reform to meet the security and foreign policy demands of the new era; and redefining military bases for legitimacy in society.
This volume assesses the experiences of Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Romania, Croatia, Serbia-Montenegro, Ukraine and Russia in these areas. Collectively these countries illustrate the way in which the interaction of broadly similar postcommunist challenges and distinct national contexts have combined to produce a wide variety of different patterns of civil-military relations.
This book was previously published as a special issue of European Security.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Civil-Military Relations in Postcommunist Europe: Assessing the Transition 2. The Half-Hearted Transformation of the Hungarian Military 3. The Transformation of Postcommunist Civil-Military Relations in Poland 4. Democracy and Defence in Latvia: Thirteen Years of Development: 1991—2004 5. Civil-Military Relations in Croatia: Politicisation and Politics of Reform 6. The Transformation of Romanian Civil-Military Relations: Enabling Force Projection 7. Civil-Military Relations in Serbia-Montenegro: An Army in Search of a State 8. Vladimir Putin and Military Reform in Russia 9. Ukraine: Reform in the Context of Flawed Democracy and Geopolitical Anxiety
Timothy Edmunds is a Lecturer in Development and Security at the Department of Politics, University of Bristol
Andrew Cottey is Jean Monnet Chair in European Political Integration and a Lecturer at the Department of Government, University College Cork.
Anthony Forster is Professor of Politics and International Relations and Head of Department at the Department of Politics, University of Bristol.