Civil-Military Relations in Post-Communist Europe : Reviewing the Transition book cover
1st Edition

Civil-Military Relations in Post-Communist Europe
Reviewing the Transition

ISBN 9781138376694
Published August 10, 2018 by Routledge
188 Pages

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Book Description

Fifteen years after the fall of communism, we are able to appraise the results of the multi-faceted postcommunist transition in Central and Eastern Europe with authority.  This volume specifically addresses the fascinating area of Civil-Military relations throughout this transitional period.

The countries of the region inherited a onerous legacy in this area: their armed forces were part of the communist party-state system and most were oriented towards Cold War missions; they were large in size and supported by high levels of defence spending; and they were based on universal male conscription. Central and eastern European states have thus faced a three fold civil-military reform challenge: establishing democratic and civilian control over their armed forces; implementing organisational reform to meet the security and foreign policy demands of the new era; and redefining military bases for legitimacy in society.

This volume assesses the experiences of Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Romania, Croatia, Serbia-Montenegro, Ukraine and Russia in these areas. Collectively these countries illustrate the way in which the interaction of broadly similar postcommunist challenges and distinct national contexts have combined to produce a wide variety of different patterns of civil-military relations.

This book was previously published as a special issue of European Security.

Table of Contents

Introduction  1. Civil-Military Relations in Postcommunist Europe: Assessing the Transition  2. The Half-Hearted Transformation of the Hungarian Military  3. The Transformation of Postcommunist Civil-Military Relations in Poland  4. Democracy and Defence in Latvia: Thirteen Years of Development: 1991—2004  5. Civil-Military Relations in Croatia: Politicisation and Politics of Reform  6. The Transformation of Romanian Civil-Military Relations: Enabling Force Projection  7. Civil-Military Relations in Serbia-Montenegro: An Army in Search of a State  8. Vladimir Putin and Military Reform in Russia  9. Ukraine: Reform in the Context of Flawed Democracy and Geopolitical Anxiety

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Timothy Edmunds is a Lecturer in Development and Security at the Department of Politics, University of Bristol

Andrew Cottey is Jean Monnet Chair in European Political Integration and a Lecturer at the Department of Government, University College Cork.

Anthony Forster is Professor of Politics and International Relations and Head of Department at the Department of Politics, University of Bristol.