Civil Society and Pakistan's Economy Robber Barons and Meritocracy
This book analyses the paradoxes of Pakistan’s economy, meritocratic domestic policy, and the role of the state and the civil society. It argues that the transition in the county’s foreign policy from geo-politics to geo-economic depends on a fundamental domestic policy transition from kleptocracy to meritocracy.
Civil Society and Pakistan’s Economy discusses how the prevalence of rent-seeking practices has undermined merit-based practices by increasing the cost of doing business and converting public loss into private profit by awarding inappropriate subsidies and imposing regressive taxes. The analyses are supported by describing the instruments and mechanisms used for rent-seeking practices and the creation of public awareness of options available to change these practices through citizen’s action and civil society engagement. The book also shows the path of transformation and the role of participation and argues that aspiring for and capturing power is not the only way to transform Pakistan.
A novel analysis depicting macro-micro linkages of encroachment of socio-economic space by the power elites and effective strategies used for its reappropriation by the people, the book will be of interest to academics researching South Asian Studies, in particular South Asian economics and politics.
Introduction; Chapter 1 Economic Vision of Pakistani Elites and Challenges of Transition from Patronage to Participatory Practices, Fayyaz Baqir; Chapter 2 Politics of Constitution Making in Pakistan: Why Religion and Authoritarianism are Hands in Glove? Hassan Abbas; Chapter 3 Development and Planning Administration: Where Checks and Balance Fail? Mukhtar Ahmad Ali; Chapter 4 Management of Resources and Revenues: Transformation or Regression? Uzair Younus, Imran Ahmad; Chapter 5 Incidence of Taxes: Who Bears How Much Burden? Ikram ul Haq; Chapter 6 Pakistan’s Achilles’ Heel: Under Allocation, Underspending or Underperformance? Hassan Bilal; Chapter 7 Feminist Discourse and Rent Seeking Under Patriarchy, Saifullah Chaudhry; Chapter 8 Non-profit Sector and Informal Economy: Entrepreneurial Spirit in Action, Sayyeda Zainub Razvi; Chapter 9 Digital Economy, Entrepreneurship, and Innovation, Sarra Latif; Chapter 10 Globalization, Global Jihad and Civil Society, Jennifer Bennet; Chapter 11 Limitations of the Political Discourse, Samar Raghib, Sara Khan, Amna Khan