This book argues that class relations are constitutive of development processes and central to understanding inequality within and between countries. It does so via a transdisciplinary approach that draws on case studies from Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. Contributors illustrate and explain the diversity of forms of class relations, and the ways in which they interplay with other social relations of dominance and subordination, such as gender and ethnicity as part of a wider project to revitalise class analysis in the study of development problems and experiences.
Class is conceived as arising out of exploitative social relations of production, but is formulated through and expressed by multiple determinations. By illuminating the diversity of social formations, this book illustrates the depth and complexity present in Marx’s method.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
1. Introduction: Class dynamics of development: a methodological note Liam Campling, Satoshi Miyamura, Jonathan Pattenden and Benjamin Selwyn 2. Global value chains and human development: a class-relational framework Benjamin Selwyn 3. Class dynamics in contract farming: the case of tobacco production in Mozambique Helena Pérez Niño 4. Working at the margins of global production networks: local labour control regimes and rural-based labourers in South India Jonathan Pattenden 5. New forms of wage labour and struggle in the informal sector: the case of waste pickers in Turkey Demet Ş. Dinler 6. Evo Morales and the political economy of passive revolution in Bolivia, 2006–15 Jeffery R. Webber 7. Class, gender and the sweatshop: on the nexus between labour commodification and exploitation Alessandra Mezzadri 8. War, the state and the formation of the North Korean industrial working class, 1931–60 Owen Miller 9. Diverse trajectories of industrial restructuring and labour organising in India Satoshi Miyamura
THIRDWORLDS will focus on the political economy, development and cultures of those parts of the world that have experienced the most political, social, and economic upheaval, and which have faced the greatest challenges of the postcolonial world under globalisation: poverty, displacement and diaspora, environmental degradation, human and civil rights abuses, war, hunger, and disease.
THIRDWORLDS serves as a signifier of oppositional emerging economies and cultures ranging from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East, and even those ‘Souths’ within a larger perceived North, such as the U.S. South and Mediterranean Europe. The study of these otherwise disparate and discontinuous areas, known collectively as the Global South, demonstrates that as globalisation pervades the planet, the south, as a synonym for subalterity, also transcends geographical and ideological frontiers.