2nd Edition

Classical and Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Systems Principles and Applications

    648 Pages 101 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This text explores the connections between different thermodynamic subjects related to fluid systems. In an innovative way, it covers the subject from first principles to the state of the art in fundamental and applied topics.  Using simple nomenclature and algebra it clarifies concepts by returning to the conceptual foundation of thermodynamics. The structural elements of classical and molecular thermodynamics of fluid systems presented cover, via examples and references, both the usefulness and the limitations of thermodynamics for the treatment of practical problems. This new edition explores recent advances in statistical associated fluid theories and contains creative end-of-chapter problems connecting the theory with real life situations. It includes new chapters on thermodynamics of polymer solutions and molecular thermodynamics and also presents advances in the study of the activity of individual ions.

    • Provides a concise structure of concepts, using simple nomenclature and algebra.

    • Clarifies problems usually overlooked by standard texts. 

    • Features end of chapter problems enhancing the understanding of concepts

    • Includes diverse topics of interest to researchers and advanced students, including elements of statistical thermodynamics, models of solutions, statistical associated fluid theory and the activity of individual ions.

    • Offers four appendices giving step by step procedures and parameters for direct use of the PRSV equation of state and the ASOG-KT group method for fugacity and activity coefficient calculations.

    This textbook is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, as well as for practicing engineers and researchers.


    Section I: Fundamentals

    1. Basic Concepts and Definitions

    2. The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics

    3. Conservation of Energy in an Open Flow System: Definition of Enthalpy

    4. The Algebra of State Functions: The Helmholtz and Gibbs Functions

    5. Calculation of Changes in the Value of Thermodynamic Properties

    Section II: Mixtures

    6. Partial Molar Properties and Property Changes by Mixing

    7. The Chemical Potential and the Gibbs-Helmholtz Equation

    8. The Principles of Physical and Chemical Equilibrium

    9. The Phase Rule and Duhem Theorem

    10. Generality of the Thermodynamic Treatment

    11. The Ideal Gas and Ideal Gas Mixtures

    12. The Use of Fugacity and Activity in Equilibrium Studies

    13. Calculation of Fugacities from Equations of State (EOS)

    14. Fugacity of a Mixture and of Its Components

    15. Fugacities and Activities in Liquid Mixtures of Non Electrolytes

    16. Activity Coefficients and Excess Properties

    17. Mixture Behavior, Stability and Azeotropy

    18. The Thermodynamics of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions

    19. The Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions

    Section III: Applications

    20. Applications of Polymer Solution Thermodynamics

    21. The Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions

    22. The Thermodynamics of Equilibrium Based Separation Processes

    23. Heat Effects

    24. Adsorption of Gases on Solids

    Section IV: Special Topics

    25. The Thermodynamics of Flow of Compressible Fluids

    26. Elements of Statistical Thermodynamics

    27. Statistical Thermodynamics Basis of Equations of State

    28. Statistical Thermodynamics Basis of Excess Gibbs Functions

    29. Statistical Thermodynamics Approach to the Generalized van der Waals Theory

    30. Generalized Lattice-Fluid Model

    31. Cosmo-RS-Type Models

    32. Thermodynamics of Hydrogen Bonding

    33. SAFT

    34. The Activity Coefficients of Individual Ions – Past, Present and Future

    Section V: Appendices

    Appendix A. Material Balances in Open Flow Systems

    Appendix B. Working with the Virial EOS

    Appendix C. Working with the PRSV EOS

    Appendix D. Working with ASOG-KT

    Section VI: Solutions to End-of-Chapter Problems

    Solutions to Problems of Section I: Fundamentals

    Solutions to Problems of Section II: Mixtures

    Solutions to Problems of Section III: Applications

    Solutions to Problems of Section IV: Special Topics


    Juan H. Vera is Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. He received his doctorate (Ing. Quim.) from Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Chile, and his Master of Science in chemical engineering from University of California, Berkley. He coauthored the first edition of this book, a manual on copper metallurgy (in Spanish), a module in Elsevier Encyclopedia, co-edited the book “Ionic Surfactants and Aqueous Solutions. Biomolecules, Metals and Nanoparticles.” (de Gruyter, 2018), and authored more than 200 refereed publications in international journals. He has an international patent on extraction of proteins and a Canadian patent on extraction of heavy metals.


    During her more than 30-year academic career Grazyna Wilczek-Vera, a chemist, taught and conducted research in various areas of thermodynamics at various universities. She served as Faculty Lecturer and Director of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Chemistry, as Research Associate in the Department of Chemical Engineering at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, and as Adjunct at the Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Poland. She received the Principal’s Prize for Excellence in Teaching, 2008, at McGill University. She received her Doctorate in Chemical Sciences (with Distinction), and Master of Science in Chemistry (with Distinction), from the University of Warsaw. She has authored 60 refereed publications in journals, given 38 conference presentations, and coauthored 3 books.


    Claudio Olivera-Fuentes is Professor Emeritus in the Thermodynamics and Transport Phenomena Department and Coordinator of Applied Sciences and Engineering in the Dean's Office of Research and Development at Universidad Simón Bolívar in Caracas, Venezuela. He received his Chemical Engineering degree from Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Chile, and his M. Sc. in Chemical Engineering from University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK. He has been Invited Researcher at University of Concepción, Chile, and Visiting Scholar at University of Pennsylvania. He has authored over 120 publications in conference proceedings and scientific journals, three book chapters, and one textbook on vector and tensor analysis applied to Transport Phenomena. Among other recognitions, he received the 2003 Procter & Gamble of Venezuela Award for Excellence in Teaching, and the 2016 Simón Rodríguez Award for Lifetime Academic Achievement.


    Costas Panayiotou is Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He received his Doctorate (PhD) from McGill University, Montreal, Canada. He was Visiting Professor at the University of Texas, Austin, and at Ecole Polytechnique Federale, Lausanne, Switzerland and was Otto Monsted Professor at DTU, Denmark. He has published more than 250 peer-reviewed articles in international journals, ten book chapters, two textbooks and has served in editorial boards of ACS and Elsevier Journals.