3rd Edition

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases

By E. Dendy Sloan, Jr., Carolyn A. Koh Copyright 2007
    756 Pages 8 Color & 241 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates.

    What’s New in the Third Edition?

    This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans.

    With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

    Overview and Historical Perspective
    Hydrates as a Laboratory Curiosity
    Hydrates in the Natural Gas Industry
    Hydrates as an Energy Resource
    Environmental Aspects of Hydrates
    Safety Aspects of Hydrates
    Relationship of This Chapter to Those That Follow
    Molecular Structures and Similarities to Ice
    Crystal Structures of Ice Ih and Natural Gas Hydrates
    Comparison of Properties of Hydrates and Ice
    The What and the How of Hydrate Structures
    Hydrate Formation and Dissociation Processes
    Hydrate Nucleation
    Hydrate Growth
    Hydrate Dissociation
    Estimation Techniques for Phase Equilibria of Natural Gas Hydrates
    Hydrate Phase Diagrams for Water + Hydrocarbon Systems
    Three-Phase (LW-H-V) Equilibrium Calculations
    Quadruple Points and Equilibrium of Three Condensed Phases (LW-H-LHC)        
    Effect of Thermodynamic Inhibitors on Hydrate Formation
    Two-Phase Equilibrium: Hydrates with One Other Phase
    Hydrate Enthalpy and Hydration Number from Phase Equilibrium
    Summary and Relationship to Chapters Which Follow
    A Statistical Thermodynamic Approach to Hydrate Phase Equilibria
    Statistical Thermodynamics of Hydrate Equilibria
    Application of the Method to Analyze Systems of Methane + Ethane + Propane
    Computer Simulation: Another Microscopic–Macroscopic Bridge
    Experimental Methods and Measurements of Hydrate Properties
    Experimental Apparatuses and Methods for Macroscopic Measurements
    Measurements of the Hydrate Phase
    Data for Natural Gas Hydrate Phase Equilibria and Thermal Properties
    Summary and Relationship to Chapters that Follow
    Hydrates in the Earth
    The Paradigm Is Changing from Assessment of Amount to Production of Gas      
    Sediments with Hydrates Typically Have Low Contents of Biogenic Methane
    Sediment Lithology and Fluid Flow Are Major Controls on Hydrate Deposition    
    Remote Methods Enable an Estimation of the Extent of a Hydrated Reservoir
    Drilling Logs and/or Coring Provide Improved Assessments of Hydrated Gas Amounts
    Hydrate Reservoir Models Indicate Key Variables for Methane Production           
    Future Hydrated Gas Production Trends Are from the Permafrost to the Ocean     
    Hydrates Play a Part in Climate Change and Geohazards
    Hydrates in Production, Processing, and Transportation
    How Do Hydrate Plugs Form in Industrial Equipment?
    How Are Hydrate Plug Formations Prevented?
    How Is a Hydrate Plug Dissociated?
    Safety and Hydrate Plug Removal
    Applications to Gas Transport and Storage
    Summary of Hydrates in Flow Assurance and Transportation


    Carolyn A. Koh, E. Dendy Sloan Jr., Carolyn A. Koh

    "This updated, third edition of Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, is a comprehensive volume that is aimed at readers from both industry and academia. As such it provides a source for readers of all levels of previous exposure to this fascinating subject . . . I would say that this book is very thorough and indeed educational."

    – Peter Licence, School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, in Fuel, April 2008