Five case studies on mitigation actions (MAs) in developing countries illustrate the rich diversity of climate action. Researchers from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa reflect on what is possible in their countries. Case studies reflect the sheer diversity of NAMAs: from a ‘Pronami’ on efficient lighting in Peru, to longer-term challenges of rising energy emissions in Brazil, and much else. The book compares the similarities and differences across eight elements that could assist in developing and implementing mitigation. The comparative analysis highlights both how challenging implementation can be in the context of development, but also points to factors that might enable ambitious mitigation. The comparison suggests that choice of Mas may be linked to institutional capacity, the resources a country is endowed with and hence its emissions profile. International support can be an important global enabler. The authors find that addressing both development and climate objectives is key. This book fills an important gap in the literature from developing country authors about mitigation actions in their own countries.
This book was published as a special issue of Climate and Development.
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION Emerging lessons on designing and implementing mitigation actions in five developing countries 2. The international policy context for mitigation actions 3. A case study on Colombian mitigation actions 4. Climate change mitigation actions in Brazil 5. A case study of Chilean mitigation actions 6. A case study of Peru’s efficient lighting nationally appropriate mitigation action 7. A case study of South African mitigation actions (For the special issue on mitigation actions in five developing countries) 8. Comparative analysis of five case studies: Commonalities and differences in approaches to mitigation actions in five developing countries
Harald Winkler is Director of the Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town. He co-directs the programme Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS), out of which this work emerged. His research interests are in energy, climate change and sustainable development.