Climate change is an environmental problem of unprecedented complexity, not just in terms of its physical, social, economic and political impacts, but particularly in terms of the range of policy instruments being designed by countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Climate Change and Carbon Markets aims to provide an accessible and practical guide to cutting edge market-based mechanisms which will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This book is a guide for national and international policy-makers and industry professionals, who need to understand the carbon markets established pursuant to the Kyoto Protocol, one of the most complex agreements ever negotiated. The book sets out how carbon markets will function by explaining the rules, institutions and procedures of the Kyoto mechanisms, including: emissions trading, joint implementation (JI) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). It also provides an in-depth explanation of the EU Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme, emerging mechanisms in the US and developing countries, and how these will link up. For policy-makers, researchers and scholars; industry practitioners, companies, market service providers, technical and legal consultants, NGOs and all stakeholder organizations engaged in the Kyoto markets, this is the authoritative and comprehensive practical guide to this rapidly evolving area. Contains the full text of the key European Union documents setting up the EU Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme and the Linking Directive.
List of Abbreviations * List of Figures, Tables and boxes * Foreword * Preface and Acknowledgements * About the Contributors * Introduction * Purpose * Structure of Book * The Nature of the Climate Change Problem * An Overview of the UNFCCC * An Overview of the Kyoto Protocol * An Overview of the Kyoto Mechanism * Part I: The International Rules on the Kyoto Mechanisms * Part 2: The EU Greenhouse Gas Emission Allowance Trading Scheme * Part 3: Development and Implementation of the Kyoto Mechanisms Worldwide * Part 4: Conclusion: Mechanisms, Linkages and the Direction of the Future Climate Regime * Appendices: 1 Documents Relating to the EU Emisssion Allowance Trading Scheme * 2 EU Emission Allowance Trading Scheme Directive * 3 EU Directive 2004/101/EC * 4 EU Guidelines on Allocations of Allowances * Index