1st Edition

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia

Edited By M. Monirul Qader Mirza, Q.K Ahmad Copyright 2005
    275 Pages
    by CRC Press

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    This book addresses the most pressing water resource issues in South Asia, particularly in relation to climate change and variability. This is a region characterised by abundant water during the monsoon, when devastating floods occur, and by scarcity of water and droughts during the dry period. These extreme events often cause substantial damage to infrastructure, property, livestock and human populations. Agriculture and other key economic sectors suffer greatly during these events. The results of climate and hydrologic models indicate increased vulnerability unless adequate adaptation measures are designed and implemented.  Such policies need to rely on a framework that includes active participation of the stakeholders.

    Table of Contents

    Foreword R. K. Pachauri xi

    Foreword Don MacIver xiii

    Preface xv

    About the Editors xix

    About the Authors xxi

    Acronyms xxiii




    M. Monirul Qader Mirza

    Q. K. Ahmad

    1.1 Introduction 1

    1.2 Water Availability and Demand in South Asia 2

    1.3 Climate Change and Water Resources 8

    1.4 Climate Change and Future Water Challenges 8




    M. Monirul Qader Mirza

    2.1 Introduction 23

    2.2 Hydrologic Models 23

    2.3 Advantages and Limitations of Hydrologic Models in Climate

    Change Application 32

    2.4 Application of Hydrologic Models for Climate Change Impact

    Assessment in Bangladesh 35

    2.5 Application of Hydrologic Model in India 45

    2.6 Application of Models in Pakistan 46

    2.7 Summary and Concluding Remarks 48


    Dr M. Monirul Qader Mirza has extensively researched on hydrological and climate

    extremes, natural hazards and their management, climate change and water resources and

    associated vulnerability, impact and adaptation and environmental impacts of water

    diversions from the transboundary rivers. He received his PhD from the International

    Global Change Institute (IGCI), University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand on climate

    change and flooding in Bangladesh in 1998. He contributed as a Coordinating Lead Author

    (CLA) to the Special Regional Report and the Third Assessment Report (TAR) of the

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations and to the

    Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He is currently with the Adaptation and Impacts

    Research Group (AIRG), Meteorological Service Canada, Environment Canada. He is also

    an Adjunct Professor at the Institute for Environmental Studies (IES), University of Toronto,

    Canada. He has been declared as a Burtoni Fellow of the Meteorological Service Canada

    for the year 2004-2005. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and

    Professional Engineers, Ontario, Canada.

    Dr Q. K. Ahmad is a socio-economic specialist of international repute and has to his credit

    a wide range of research work on environment and water resources, climate change, policy

    planning, food and agriculture, rural development, poverty alleviation, human

    development, technology and employment generation, women in development and

    gender issues. He extensively studied various issues related to water resources

    development and cooperation in the South Asia Region. He received his PhD from the

    London School of Economics and Political Science, London University in 1976. He is

    Chairman and Chief Executive, Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad (BUP), Dhaka. He was the