This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
This valuable compendium provides an overview of the variables and consequences of oceanic carbon cycling in the context of climate change. The chapters highlight the importance of marine plankton in carbon processing as well as the effects of rising CO2 and temperature in their functioning.
Marine ecosystems are being increasingly threatened by growing human pressures, including climate change. Understanding the consequences that climate change may have is crucial to predict the future of our oceans. Rising temperatures and ocean acidification may profoundly alter the mode of matter and energy transformation in marine ecosystems, which could have irreversible consequences for our planet on ecological timescales. For that reason, the scientific community has engaged in the grand challenge of studying the variables and consequences of oceanic carbon cycling in the context of climate change, which has emerged as a relevant field of science.
The book is broken into four sections:
- Understanding the Importance of Ocean Biogeochemistry
- Quantifying Oceanic Carbon Variables
- Phytoplankton and Oceanic Carbon Cycle
- Ocean Acidification
Edited by a researcher with many years of experience and with contributions from scientists from around the world, this volume explores the most important topics on climate change and oceanic carbon cycling.
Table of Contents
Grand Challenges in Marine Biogeochemistry
Eric P. Achtenberg
A Statistical Gap-Filling Method to Interpolate Global Monthly Surface Ocean Carbon Dioxide Data
Steve D. Jones, Corinne Le Quere, Christian Rodenbeck, Andrew C. Manning and Are Olsen
The Seasonal Sea-Ice Zone in the Glacial Southern Ocean as a Carbon Sink
Andrea Abelmann, Rainer Gersonde, Gregor Knorr, Xu Zhang, Bernhard Chapligin, Edith Maier, Oliver Esper, Hans Friedrichsen, Gerrit Lohmann, Hanno Meyer and Ralf Tiedemann
On the Influence of Interseasonal Sea Surface Temperature on Surface Water pCO2 at 49.0°N/16.5°W and 56.5°N/52.6°W in the North Atlantic Ocean
Nsikak U. Benson, Oladele O. Osibanjo, Francis E. Asuquo and Winifred U. Anake
Carbon Export by Small Particles in the Norwegian Sea
Giorgio Dall’Olmo and Kjell Arne Mork
Ubiquitous Healthy Diatoms in the Deep Sea Confirm Deep Carbon Injection by the Biological Pump
S. Agusti, J. I. González-Gordillo, D. Vaque, M. Estrada, M. I. Cerezo, G. Salazar, J. M. Gasol and C. M. Duarte
Carbon Export Efficiency and Phytoplankton Community Composition in the Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean
Frederic A. C. Le Moigne, Alex J. Poulton, Stephanie A. Henson, Chris J. Daniels, Glaucia M. Fragoso, Elaine Mitchell, Sophie Richier, Benjamin C. Russell, Helen E. K. Smith, Geraint A. Tarling, Jeremy R. Young and Mike Zubkov
Ocean Warming–Acidification Synergism Undermines Dissolved Organic Matter Assembly
Chi-Shuo Chen, Jesse M. Anaya, Eric Y-T Chen, Erik Farr and Wei-Chun Chin
Ocean Acidification with (De)Eutrophication Will Alter Future Phytoplankton Growth and Succession
Kevin J. Flynn, Darren R. Clark, Aditee Mitra, Heiner Fabian, Per J. Hansen, Patricia M. Glibert, Glen L. Wheeler, Diane K. Stoecker, Jerry C. Blackford and Colin Brownlee
Coccolithophore Calcification Response to Past Ocean Acidification and Climate Change
Sarah A. O’Dea, Samantha J. Gibbs, Paul R. Bown, Jeremy R. Young, Alex J. Poulton, Cherry Newsam and Paul A. Wilson
Near-Shore Antarctic pH Variability has Implications for the Design of Ocean Acidification Experiments
Lydia Kapsenberg, Amanda L. Kelley, Emily C. Shaw, Todd R. Martz and Gretchen E. Hofmann
Dr. Isabel Ferrera holds a PhD from the Autonomous University of Barcelona since 2004. After a long postdoctoral stay in the USA, she joined the Marine Sciences Institute in Barcelona where she carries out research on the ecology of marine bacteria. In the last years she has specialized in the study of photoheterotrophic bacteria and on how their diversity and activity influence biogeochemical cycling in the ocean. She is author of more than 30 publications and has a large experience in teaching in the field of microbiology.