1st Edition

Clothed in the Body Asceticism, the Body and the Spiritual in the Late Antique Era

By Hannah Hunt Copyright 2012
    256 Pages
    by Routledge

    250 Pages
    by Routledge

    Hunt examines the apparent paradox that Jesus' earthly existence and post resurrection appearances are experienced through consummately physical actions and attributes yet some ascetics within the Christian tradition appear to seek to deny the value of the human body, to find it deadening of spiritual life. Hunt considers why the Christian tradition as a whole has rarely managed more than an uneasy truce between the physical and the spiritual aspects of the human person. Why is it that the 'Church' has energetically argued, through centuries of ecumenical councils, for the dual nature of Christ but seems still unwilling to accept the full integration of physical and spiritual within humanity, despite Gregory of Nazianzus's comment that 'what has not been assumed has not been redeemed'?

    Contents: Introduction; Greek insights into the human person; Biblical understandings of flesh, body and soul; Desert teachings on the body and asceticism; 'Virgins of God': manly women and transvestite saints; 'Enemy' or 'friend': Climacus' integration of the body; The Syrian perspective on asceticism; Key Syrian sources: apochrypha and anonymity; Pseudo-Macarius, Messalianism and synaesthesia; 'Clothed in the body' as a metaphor for incarnation; Heterodox Christologies and the heresiarchs; Orthodox patristic formulations; Conclusion; Bibliography; Indexes.


    Hannah Hunt is an established academic and author working in Eastern Christian spirituality and doctrine, with a monograph, four chapters in other books (Spirituality in Late Byzantium (Cambridge Scholars, 2009), The Westminster Handbook to Origen (Westminster John Knox (2004),The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity (Blackwell, 2007) and The Philokalia: Exploring the Classical Text of Orthodox Spirituality (OUP, 2012)) and a number of papers already published (including in Studia Patristica, The Harp, St Ephrem Theological Journal, Medium Aevum and the on-line journal Hugoye). She is also in demand as a reviewer, for example for Pennsylvania University Press's Divinations series, and was recently invited to comment on a manuscript for Oxford University Press. She has been working on aspects of asceticism and religious anthropology in Klimakos, St Paul, Ephrem and Isaac the Syrian in particular for some time now, presenting work in progress to conferences such as the International Medieval Congress, the International Patristic Conference and the British Patristics Conference as well as the American Society of Church History, and conferences in Durham (2006: on reception of the desert fathers) and Oxford (Postgraduate Medieval Conference 2008). In addition to working on her current book, this year she has been working on papers on Symeon the New Theologian, Sarx and Soma in St Paul, images of harvest and cultivation in biblical and Syrian texts and the co-editing of a book on the reception of the Desert Fathers. In her spare time she is a half-time Senior Lecturer in Theology and Reader in Eastern Christianity at Leeds Trinity University College and also has four jobs for the Open University (teaching two English Literature courses and a Religious Studies course, and Acting Senior Faculty Manager for the Arts in Yorkshire).

    'Clothed in the Body is a fresh, illuminating, and provocative study at the junction of christology and anthropology. Hunt explores, with keen vision, the tension between dualistic and holistic views of Christ and ourselves. Engaging Jewish and Greek anthropology, the Christian ascetic literature of the desert, the christological debates and formulations of the fourth and fifth centuries, and contemporary scholarship on the human person, Hunt makes an important contribution to current conversations on the body and the incarnation.' Brock Bingaman, Assistant Professor of Religious Studies, Wesleyan College, Macon, Georgia, USA 'In her earlier book, Joy-Bearing Grief (2004), Hannah Hunt has shown herself to be a sensitive interpreter of the Greek and Syriac Fathers for the modern reader. In this present, thoughtful study she turns to a central issue in early Christian thinking and explores the relationship between different attitudes to the body and the search for a balanced understanding of the unity of the two natures in the incarnate Christ.' Sebastian Brock, Emeritus Reader in Syriac Studies, Oxford University, UK 'This monograph is certainly an important contribution to the study of the relationship between asceticism and Christology in early Christianity. Scholars and informed readers alike will find both compelling observations and areas for further inquiry.' Anglican Theological Review '[A] comprehensive and educative book...' Journal of Theological Studies