Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment

1st Edition

Edited by Morris H. Roberts, Jr., Robert C. Hale

CRC Press

368 pages | 75 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2001-09-18
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Description

Risk assessment is the cornerstone of contemporary environmental protection. You must find the answers to questions such as: what might be the impacts of the new synthetic chemicals, what problems might arise from the normal operations of industry, what are the chances of accidental releases and how will they impact the environment? Understanding and assessing these risks is essential to sound environmental policy and management.

The first book to address the application of the current National Research Council (NRC) risk assessment paradigm to the coastal marine environment, Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment covers topics that range from pollutants of emerging concern to bioavailability and bioaccumulation at the suborganismal through landscape levels. It explores the necessary applications for modifying the NRC paradigm and presents a series of steps to actually accomplish an effective assessment using the modified paradigm. The book highlights the logical framework for assessing causation, and measurement of toxicant fate and effect.

The chapter authors bring together experiences from academia, private consultants, and government agencies, resulting in a rich mixture of experience and insights. Exploring the science of exposure, effect, and risk in coastal and estuarine environments, Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment gives you a building block approach to the fundamental components of risk assessment.

Table of Contents

Overview of Ecological Risk Assessment in Coastal and Estuarine Environments, M.H. Roberts, Jr., M.C. Newman, and R.C. Hale

Introduction

Application of Risk Assessment in Estuaries

Forum Organization

European Approaches to Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment, M. Crane, N. Sorokin, J. Wheeler, A. Grosso, P. Whitehouse, and D. Morrit

Introduction

Legislative Procedure in the European Union

Principles of Chemical Risk Assessment in the EU

Retrospective Risk Assessments

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

Emerging Contaminants of Concern in Coastal and Estuarine Environments, R.C. Hale and M.J. La Guardia

Introduction

Brominated Fire Retardants

Polychlorinated Biphenyls

Natural and Synthetic Estrogens

Alkylphenol Polyethoxylates and Related Degradation Products

Other Pharmaceuticals

Non-Pharmaceutical Anti-Microbial Agents

Personal Care Products

Interactions of Multiple Stressors

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

Enhancing Belief during Causality Assessments: Cognitive Idols or Bayes's Theorem? M.C. Newman and D.A. Evans

Difficulty in Identifying Causality

Bacon=s Idols of the Tribe

Idols of the Theater and Certainty

Assessing Causality in the Presence of Cognitive and Social Biases

Bayesian Methods Can Enhance Belief or Disbelief

A More Detailed Exploration of Bayes=s Approach

Two Applications of the Bayesian Method

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

Bioavailability, Biotransformation and Fate of Organic Contaminants in Estuarine Animals, R.F. Lee

Introduction

Bioavailability

Uptake

Fate of Xenobiotics after Uptake by Estuarine Animals

Elimination

Summary

The Bioaccumulation of Mercury, Methylmercury and Other Toxic Elements into Pelagic and Benthic Organisms, R.P. Mason

Introduction

Bioaccumulation in Pelagic Food Webs

Bioaccumulation in Benthis Organisms

Membrane Transport Processes

Summary

Acknowledgments

Dietary Metals Exposure and Toxicity to Aquatic Organisms: Implications for Ecological Risk Assessment, C.E. Schlekat, B.-G. Lee, and S.N. Luoma

Introduction

Current Status of Regulatory Approaches for Metals in Aquatic Systems

Processes Affecting Dietary Metal Exposure

The Relative Importance of Dietary vs. Dissolved Metal Uptake for Bioaccumulation and Toxicity

Toxicological Significace of Dietary Metals Exposure

Conclusions/Recommendations

Endocrine Disruption in Fishes and Invertebrates: Issues for Saltwater Ecological Risk Assessment, K. Leung, J. Wheeler, D. Morritt, and M. Crane

Introduction

Effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals on Saltwater Fishes and Invertebrates

Developing a Coherent and Cost-Effective Risk Assessment Strategy for Saltwater

Endocrine Disrupters

Conclusions

The Use of Toxicity Reference Values (TRVs) to Assess the Risks Persistent Organochlorines Pose to Marine Mammals, P.D. Jones, K. Kannan, A.L. Blankenship, and J.P. Giesy

Overview

Introduction

Problem Formulation

Exposure Assessment

Effects Assessment

Risk Characterization

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

Effects of Chronic Stress on Wildlife Populations: A Population Modeling Approach and Case Study, D.E. Nacci, T.R. Gleason, R. Gutjahr-Gobell, M. Huber, and W.R. Munns, Jr

Introduction

Population Matrix Modeling Approach

A Stressor of Ecotoxicological Concern

A Case Study

A Population Modeling Approach and Case Study: Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Structuring Population-Based Ecological Risk Assessments in a Dynamic Landscape, C.E. Mackay, J.A. Colton, and G. Bigham

Introduction

Ecological Risk Assessment Model

Population-Based Risk Characterization

Discussion

Incremental Chemical Risks and Damages in Urban Estuaries: Spatial and Historical Ecosystem Analysis, D.F. Ludwig and T.J. Iannuzzi

Introduction

Risk and Damage Assessment: Foundations for Urban Ecosystems

Conclusions

Epilogue - Ecological Risk Assessment in Coastal and Estuarine Environments, M.C. Newman, R.C. Hale, and M.H. Roberts, Jr.

Introduction

Chapter Contributions to Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment

Conclusion

About the Originator

About the Series

Environmental and Ecological Risk Assessment

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General