While monitoring of computer-controlled systems is widespread, it is critically important in the cockpit of current passenger aircraft. Such monitoring requires special vigilance for those rare untoward events, which may be new to the pilot and which can have devastating consequences. This book uses a multidisciplinary approach to address this problem of sustaining attention while monitoring. It outlines and explains alternative ways of viewing the processes needed to prevent Human Factors accidents; it examines the use and limitations of cockpit resource management programmes in inducing behavioural and attitudinal changes appropriate for highly automated flight decks. The author’s approach deals rigorously with the physiological mechanisms underlying vigilance, arousal and stress, delineating clearly those that are relevant to the monitoring function. The three parts cover: monitoring problems and processes; monitoring measurement and alerting systems; and monitoring management. In the last part the author details management plans and guidance for monitoring assisted systems based on his understanding of the problems of continued human vigilance. Readership: pilots and training pilots; cockpit resource management groups; monitoring management specialists; university aviation departments; road and rail transport groups; those operating nuclear and large process installations.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction; Monitoring Problems and Processes: Automation, peripheralisation and error; CRM as a response to peripheralisation; Stress and arousal in cockpits; Vigilance mechanisms; Automation, peripheralisation, vigilance and stress. Monitoring, Measurement and Alerting Systems: Vigilance measurement; Human alerting systems; The ideal alerting system. Monitoring Management: Monitoring management, interim and future changes; Conclusions; References; Index.
Dr Paul M Satchell Bsc(Med), MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MBA is Director of Merck, Sharp and Dohme, Australia Pty Ltd, Australia. Previously he was the director of the Gordon Craig Research Laboratory in the University of Sydney and had appointments at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. Dr Satchell's research area is the autonomic nervous system in health and disease. He is also a prize-winning MBA graduate and a keen pilot.
’...yet another of the excellent Ashgate series of titles on human aspects of aviation. The text is generously illustrated and copiously referenced. It deserves a wide readership from all involved in the practice or training of flight, as well as other transport interests...’ Occupational Safety and Health ’...a lively, readable book that skillfully brings empirical data and theoretical issues to bear on important practical problems. The major attraction of the book is that it illuminates the problem of cockpit monitoring in a succinct way, with only a little (necessary) jargon and in an engaging style that will appeal equally to the researchers in aviation psychology or human factors as it will to the practitioner in the aviation community.’ International Journal of Aviation Psychology