Cognitive Illusions : Intriguing Phenomena in Thinking, Judgment, and Memory book cover
3rd Edition

Cognitive Illusions
Intriguing Phenomena in Thinking, Judgment, and Memory

Edited By

Rüdiger F Pohl

ISBN 9780367724245
Published March 4, 2022 by Routledge
490 Pages 24 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Cognitive Illusions explores a wide range of fascinating psychological effects in the way we think, judge and remember in our everyday lives. In this volume, Rüdiger F. Pohl brings together leading international researchers to define what cognitive illusions are and discuss their theoretical status: are such illusions proof of a faulty human information-processing system, or do they only represent by-products of otherwise adaptive cognitive mechanisms?

The book describes and discusses 26 different cognitive illusions, with each chapter giving a profound overview of the respective empirical research including potential explanations, individual differences, and relevant applied perspectives. This edition has been thoroughly updated throughout, featuring new chapters on negativity bias, metacognition, and how we respond to fake news, along with detailed descriptions of experiments that can be used as classroom demonstration in every chapter.

Demonstrating just how diverse cognitive illusions can be, it is a must read for all students and researchers of cognitive illusions, specifically, those focusing on thinking, reasoning, decision-making, and memory.

Table of Contents


1 What are cognitive illusions?
Rüdiger F. Pohl

Part I


2 Conjunction fallacy
John E. Fisk

3 Base-rate neglect
Gordon Pennycook, Christie Newton & Valerie A. Thompson

4 Framing
Anton Kühberger

5 Confirmation bias – Myside bias
Hugo Mercier

6 Illusory correlation
Klaus Fiedler, Karolin Salmen, & Florian Ermark

7 Causality bias
Helena Matute, Fernando Blanco, & Maria Manuela Moreno-Fernández

8 Illusions of control
Suzanne C. Thompson

9 Wason selection task
Jonathan St. B. T. Evans

10 Belief bias in deductive reasoning

Jonathan St. B. T. Evans, Linden J. Ball, & Valerie A. Thompson

Part II


11 Availability
Anine Riege & Rolf Reber

12 Judgments by representativeness
Karl H. Teigen

13 Anchoring effect
Štěpán Bahník & Fritz Strack

14 Illusory truth effect
Lena Nadarevic

15 Mere exposure effect
Robert F. Bornstein & Catherine Craver-Lemley

16 Halo effects
Simon M. Laham & Joseph P. Forgas

17 Assumed similarity
Isabel Thielmann & Benjamin E. Hilbig

18 Overconfidence
Ulrich Hoffrage

19 Metacognitive illusions
Monika Undorf, Sofia Navarro-Báez, & Malte F. Zimdahl

20 Fake news and participatory propaganda
Stephan Lewandowsky

21 Positivity biases
Carla A. Zimmerman & W. Richard Walker

Part III


22 Moses illusion
Felix Speckmann & Christian Unkelbach

23 Survival processing effect
Meike Kroneisen & Edgar Erdfelder

24 Labelling and overshadowing effects
Rüdiger F. Pohl

25 Associative memory illusions
Henry L. Roediger, III, & David A. Gallo

26 Misinformation effect
Emma PeConga, Jacqueline E. Pickrell, Daniel M. Bernstein, & Elizabeth F. Loftus

27 Hindsight bias
Rüdiger F. Pohl & Edgar Erdfelder

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Rüdiger F. Pohl is retired Professor of Psychology at the University of Mannheim, Germany. His research interests include cognitive illusions, heuristics and decision-making, and autobiographical memory. Teaching psychology, he held lectures in all areas of Cognitive and Developmental Psychology as well as in History and Methods of Psychology.