1st Edition

Cognitive Neuroscience

Edited By Jamie Ward
    by Routledge

    Standing at the junction of psychology, neuroscience, and biology, cognitive neuroscience seeks to provide brain-based accounts of mental functions such as language, memory, perception, action, emotions, and decision-making. Its emergence as a coherent discipline came about relatively recently through the amalgamation of techniques that had already been in existence (such as research into the effects of brain lesion on cognition, and electrical recordings of the brain) with newly established techniques (principally brain-imaging methods), originally developed for medical diagnostic purposes.

    As cognitive neuroscience flourishes as never before, this new title in Psychology Press’s Major Works series, Critical Concepts in Psychology, meets the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of the subject’s already vast literature and the continuing explosion in research output. Edited by a prominent scholar, and the author of the field’s leading student textbook, Cognitive Neuroscience is a four-volume collection of foundational and contemporary contributions.

    The four volumes are divided into eight principal sections: History, Methods, and Key Concepts; Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience; Perception and Attention; Action; Learning and Memory; Language; Executive Functions and Decision-Making; and Emotions and Social Neuroscience. The collection is also fully indexed and has a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editors, which places the collected material in its historical, intellectual, and practical context. It is an essential work of reference and is destined to be valued by scholars and students of cognitive neuroscience as a vital one-stop research tool.

    Volume I

    Part 1: History, Methods, and Key Concepts

    1. T. D. Albright, E. R. Kandel, and M. I. Posner, ‘Cognitive Neuroscience’, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2000, 10, 612–24.

    2. E. A. Berker, A. H. Berker, and A. Smith, ‘Translation of Broca’s 1865 Report: Localization of Speech in the 3rd Left Frontal Convolution’, Archives of Neurology, 1986, 43, 1065–72.

    1.1 Electrophysiology

    3. D. H. Hubel and T. N. Wiesel, ‘Receptive Fields of Single Neurones in the Cat’s Striate Cortex’, Journal of Physiology, 1959, 148, 574–91.

    4. T. W. Picton et al., ‘Guidelines for Using Human Event-Related Potentials to Study Cognition: Recording Standards and Publication Criteria’, Psychophysiology, 2000, 37, 127–52.

    1.2 Brain Imaging

    5. R. Henson, ‘What can Functional Neuroimaging Tell the Experimental Psychologist?’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2005, 58A, 193–233.

    6. S. Ogawa et al., ‘Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Contrast Dependent on Blood Oxygenation’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, 1990, 87, 9862–72.

    7. R. L. Savoy, ‘History and Future Directions of Human Brain Mapping and Functional Neuroimaging’, Acta Psycholigica, 2001, 107, 9–42.

    8. A. R. McIntosh, R. E. Cabeza, and N. J. Lobaugh, ‘Analysis of Neural Interactions Explains the Activation of Occipital Cortex by an Auditory Stimulus’, Journal of Neurophysiology, 1998, 80, 2790–6.

    9. O. Josephs and R. N. A. Henson, ‘Event-Related Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Modelling, Inference and Optimization’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 1999, 354, 1215–28.

    10. J. Ashburner and K. J. Friston, ‘Voxel-Based Morphometry: The Methods’, NeuroImage, 2000, 11, 805–21.

    1.3 Neuropsychology

    11. A. Caramazza and M. McCloskey, ‘The Case for Single-Patient Studies’, Cognitive Neuropsychology, 1988, 5, 517–28.

    12. L. C. Robertson et al., ‘Cognitive Neuropsychology is More than Single-Case Studies’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 1993, 19, 710–17.

    1.4 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

    13. V. Walsh et al., ‘Task-Induced Impairments and Enhancements Induced by Magnetic Stimulation of Human Area V5’, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 1998, 265, 537–43.

    14. A. Pascual-Leone, D. Bartres-Faz, and J. P. Keenan, ‘Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Studying the Brain-Behaviour Relationship by Induction of "Virtual Lesions"’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 1999, 354, 1229–38.

    Part 2: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

    15. C. Blakemore and R. C. Vansluyters, ‘Innate and Environmental Factors in Development of Kittens’ Visual-Cortex’, Journal of Physiology, 1975, 248, 663–716.

    16. M. de Haan, M. H. Johnson, and H. Halit, ‘Development of Face-Sensitive Event-Related Potentials During Infancy: A Review’, International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2003, 51, 45–58.

    17. A. Karmiloff-Smith, ‘Modules, Genes, and Evolution: What Have We Learned from Atypical Development?’, Attention and Performance, 2006, XXI, 563–83.

    18. E. S. Spelke, ‘Nativism, Empiricism, and the Origins of Knowledge’, Infant Behavior and Development, 1998, 21, 181–200.

    19. P. K. Kuhl, F. M. Tsao, and H. M. Liu, ‘Foreign-Language Experience in Infancy: Effects of Short-Term Exposure and Social Interaction on Phonetic Learning’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2003, 100, 9096–101.

    20. F. Vargha-Khadem et al., ‘FOXP2 and the Neuroanatomy of Speech and Language’, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2005, 6, 131–8.

    21. E. Paulesu et al., ‘Dyslexia: Cultural Diversity and Biological Unity’, Science, 2001, 5511, 2165–7.

    22. H. T. Chugani, M. E. Phelps, and J. C. Mazziotta, ‘Positron Emission Tomography Study of Human Brain Functional Development’, Annals of Neurology, 1987, 22, 487–97.

    23. F. Vargha-Khadem et al. ‘Onset of Speech After Left Hemispherectomy in a Nine-Year Old Boy’, Brain, 1997, 120, 159–82.

    Volume II

    Part 3: Perception and Attention

    24. J. H. Kaas, T. A. Hackett, and M. J. Tramo, ‘Auditory Processing in Primate Cerebral Cortex’, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 1999, 9, 164–70.

    25. I. Peretz and R. J. Zatorre, ‘Brain Organization for Music Processing’, Annual Review of Psychology, 2005, 56, 89–114.

    26. J. D. Haynes and G. Rees, ‘Predicting the Orientation of Invisible Stimuli from Activity in Human Primary Visual Cortex’, Nature Neuroscience, 2005, 8, 686–91.

    27. S. Zeki et al., ‘A Direct Demonstration of Functional Specialization in Human Visual Cortex’, Journal of Neuroscience, 1991, 11, 641–9.

    28. J. Zihl, D. von Cramon, and N. Mai, ‘Selective Disturbance of Movement Vision after Bilateral Brain Damage’, Brain, 1983, 106, 313–40.

    29. C. G. Gross, C. E. Rocha-Miranda, and D. B. Bender, ‘Visual Properties of Neurons in the Inferotemporal Cortex of the Macaque’, Journal of Neurophysiology, 1972, 35, 96–111.

    30. M. J. Farah et al., ‘What is Special about Face Perception?’, Psychological Review, 1998, 105, 482–98.

    31. I. Gauthier and N. K. Logothetis, ‘Is Face Recognition Not So Unique After All?’, Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2000, 17, 125–42.

    32. S. M. Kosslyn et al., ‘The Role of Area 17 in Visual Imagery: Convergent Evidence from PET and rTMS’, Science, 1999, 284, 167–70.

    33. M. Behrmann, M. Moscovitch, and G. Winocur, ‘Intact Visual Imagery and Impaired Visual Perception in a Patient with Visual Agnosia’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1994, 20, 1068–87.

    34. C. L. Colby and M. E. Goldberg, ‘Space and Attention in Parietal Cortex’, Annual Review of Neuroscience, 1999, 22, 319–49.

    35. L. C. Robertson et al., ‘The Interaction of Spatial and Object Pathways: Implications from a Patient with Balint’s Syndrome’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1997, 9, 295–317.

    36. R. Desimone and J. Duncan, ‘Neural Mechanisms of Selective Visual-Attention’, Annual Review of Neuroscience, 1995, 18, 193–222.

    37. E. Bisiach and C. Luzzatti, ‘Unlateral Neglect of Representational Space’, Cortex, 1978, 14, 129–33.

    Part 4: Action

    38. A. P. Georgopoulos, J. F. Kalaska, and R. Caminiti, ‘Relations Between Two-Dimensional Arm Movements and Single Cell Discharge in Motor Cortex and Area 5: Movement Direction Versus Movement Endpoint’, Experimental Brain Research Supplement, 1985, 10, 176–83.

    39. C. Gerloff et al., ‘Stimulation Over the Human Supplementary Motor Area Interferes with the Organisation of Future Elements in Complex Motor Sequences’, Brain, 1997, 120, 1587–602.

    40. M. A. Goodale and A. D. Milner, ‘Separate Visual Pathways for Perception and Action’, Trends in Neurosciences, 1992, 15, 20–5.

    41. R. E. Passingham, ‘Premotor Cortex and Preparation for Movement’, Experimental Brain Research, 1988, 70, 590–6.

    42. C. D. Frith et al., ‘Willed Action and the Prefrontal Cortex in Man: A Study with PET’, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1991, 244, 241–6.

    43. G. Rizzolatti et al., ‘Premotor Cortex and the Recognition of Motor Actions’, Cognitive Brain Research, 1996, 3, 131–41.

    44. M.-T. Perenin and A. Vighetto, ‘Optic Ataxia: A Specific Disruption in Visuomotor Mechanisms—I. Different Aspects of the Deficit in Reaching for Objects’, Brain, 1988, 111, 643–74.

    45. A. Murata et al., ‘Selectivity for the Size, Shape and Orientation of Objects for Grasping in Neurons of Monkey Parietal Area AIP’, Journal of Neurophysiology, 2000, 83, 2580–601.

    46. J. R. Hodges et al., ‘The Role of Conceptual Knowledge in Object Use: Evidence from Semantic Dementia’, Brain, 2000, 123, 1913–25.

    47. M. Krams et al., ‘The Preparation, Execution and Suppression of Copied Movements’, Experimental Brain Research, 1998, 120, 386–98.

    48. M. R. DeLong, ‘Primate Models of Movement Disorders of Basal Ganglia Origin’, Trends in Neuroscience, 1990, 13, 281–5.

    49. F. Binkofski et al., ‘A Fronto-Parietal Circuit for Object Manipulation in Man: Evidence from an fMRI-Study’, European Journal of Neuroscience, 1999, 11, 3276–86.

    50. H. C. Leiner, A. L. Leiner, and R. S. Dow, ‘Does the Cerebellum Contribute to Mental Skills’, Behavioral Neuroscience, 1986, 100, 443–54.

    51. A. M. Graybiel and S. L. Rauch, ‘Toward a Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder’, Neuron, 2000, 28, 343–7.

    Volume III

    Part 5: Learning and Memory

    52. C. Pittenger and E. R. Kandel, ‘In Search of General Mechanisms for Long-Lasting Plasticity: Aplysia and the Hippocampus’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 2003, 1432, 757–63.

    53. R. G. M. Morris et al., ‘Place Navigation Impaired in Rats with Hippocampal Lesions’, Nature, 1982, 297, 681–3.

    54. N. Cowan, ‘Visual and Auditory Working Memory Capacity’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1998, 2, 77–8.

    55. A. D. Baddeley, C. Papagno, and G. Vallar, ‘When Long-Term Learning Depends on Short-Term Storage’, Journal of Memory and Language, 1988, 27, 586–95.

    56. L. Nyberg and E. Tulving, ‘Classifying Human Long-Term Memory: Evidence from Converging Dissociations’, European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1996, 8, 163–83.

    57. W. B. Scoville and B. Milner, ‘Loss of Recent Memory after Bilateral Hippocampal Lesions’, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 1957, 20, 11–21.

    58. S. Corkin, ‘What’s New with the Amnesic Patient HM?’, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2002, 3, 153–60.

    59. P. Graf, L. R. Squire, and G. Mandler, ‘The Information that Amnesic Patients Do Not Forget’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 1984, 10, 164–78.

    60. A. R. Mayes et al., ‘Associative Recognition in a Patient with Selective Hippocampal Lesions and Relatively Normal Item Recognition’, Hippocampus, 2004, 14, 763–84.

    61. L. Nadel and M. Moscovitch, ‘Memory Consolidation, Retrograde Amnesia and the Hippocampal Complex’, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 1997, 7, 217–22.

    62. A. D. Wagner, W. Koutstaal, and D. L. Schacter, ‘When Encoding Yields Remembering: Insights from Event-Related Neuroimaging’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 1999, 354, 1307–24.

    63. P. C. Fletcher and R. N. A. Henson, ‘Frontal Lobes and Human Memory: Insights from Functional Neuroimaging’, Brain, 2001, 124, 849–81.

    64. M. Fabiani, M. A. Stadler, and P. M. Wessels, ‘True But Not False Memories Produce a Sensory Signature in Human Lateralized Brain Potentials’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2000, 12, 941–9.

    65. A. Schnider, ‘Spontaneous Confabulation, Reality Monitoring, and the Limbic System: A Review’, Brain Research Reviews, 2001, 36, 150–60.

    Part 6: Language

    66. B. C. J. Moore, ‘Basic Auditory Processes Involved in the Analysis of Speech Sounds’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 2008, 363, 947–63.

    67. B. Galantucci, C. A. Fowler, and M. T. Turvey, ‘The Motor Theory of Speech Perception Reviewed’, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 2006, 13, 361–77.

    68. S. K. Scott et al., ‘Identification of a Pathway for Intelligible Speech in the Left Temporal Lobe’, Brain, 2000, 123, 2400–6.

    69. P. Hagoort, ‘The Fractionation of Spoken Language Understanding by Measuring Electrical and Magnetic Brain Signals’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 2008, 363, 1055–69.

    70. A. Martin and L. L. Chao, ‘Semantic Memory and the Brain: Structure and Processes’, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2001, 11, 194–201.

    71. M. Oliveri et al., ‘All Talk and No Action: A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study of Motor Cortex Activation During Action Word Production’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2004, 16, 374–81.

    72. A. Caramazza and E. B. Zurif, ‘Dissociation of Algorithmic and Heuristic Processes in Language Comprehension’, Brain and Language, 1976, 3, 572–82.

    73. R. J. S. Wise et al., ‘Identifying Separate Neural Sub-Systems Within Wernicke’s Area’, Brain, 2001, 124, 83–95.

    74. Y. Grodzinsky and A. D. Friederici, ‘Neuroimaging of Syntax and Syntactic Processing’, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2006, 16, 240–6.

    75. A. E. Hillis et al., ‘Re-examining the Brain Regions Crucial for Orchestrating Speech Articulation’, Brain, 2004, 127, 1479–87.

    76. G. S. Dell, ‘A Spreading Activation Theory of Retrieval in Sentence Production’, Psychological Review, 1986, 93, 283–321.

    77. S. Dehaene and L. Cohen, ‘Cerebral Pathways for Calculation: Double Dissociation Between Rote and Quantitative Knowledge of Arithmetic’, Cortex, 1997, 33, 219–50.

    78. L. Cohen and S. Dehaene, ‘Specialization Within the Ventral Stream: The Case for the Visual Word Form Area’, NeuroImage, 2004, 22, 466–76.

    79. K. Patterson and J. R. Hodges, ‘Deterioration of Word Meaning: Implications for Reading’, Neuropsychologia, 1992, 30, 1025–40.

    80. J. A. Fiez et al., ‘Effects of Lexicality, Frequency, and Spelling-to-Sound Consistency on the Functional Anatomy of Reading’, Neuron, 1999, 24, 205–18.

    Volume IV

    Part 7: Executive Functions and Decision-Making

    81. M. B. Macmillan, ‘A Wonderful Journey Through Skull and Brains: The Travels of Mr Gage’s Tamping Iron’, Brain and Cognition, 1986, 5, 67–107.

    82. Goldman-Rakic, ‘The Prefrontal Landscape: Implications of Functional Architecture for Understanding Human Mentation and the Central Executive’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 1996, 351, 1445–53.

    83. D. Y. Kimberg and M. J. Farah, ‘A Unified Account of Cognitive Impairments Following Frontal Lobe Damage: The Role of Working Memory in Complex, Organized Behavior’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 1993, 22, 411–28.

    84. D. A. Norman and T. Shallice, ‘Attention to Action’, in R. J. Davidson, G. E. Schwartz, and D. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self Regulation (Plenum Press, 1986).

    85. R. Cooper and T. Shallice, ‘Contention Scheduling and the Control of Routine Activities’, Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2000, 17, 297–338.

    86. M. Petrides, ‘Middorsolateral and Midventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex: Two Levels of Executive Control for the Processing of Mnemonic Information’, in S. Monsell and J. Driver (eds.), Attention and Performance XVIII (MIT Press, 2000).

    87. S. L. Thompson-Schill, M. D. D’Esposito, and I. P. Kan, ‘Effects of Repetition and Competition on Activity in Left Prefrontal Cortex During Word Generation’, Neuron, 1999, 23, 513–22.

    88. C. Reverberi et al., ‘Specific Impairments of Rule Induction in Different Frontal Subgroups’, Neuropsychologia, 2005, 43, 460–72.

    89. W. J. Gehring et al., ‘A Neural System for Error Detection and Compensation’, Psychological Science, 1993, 4, 385–90.

    90. J. D. Cohen, S. M. McClure, and A. J. Yu, ‘Should I Stay or Should I Go? How the Human Brain Manages the Trade-Off Between Exploitation and Exploration’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 2007, 362, 933–42.

    91. B. Kopp et al., ‘Fractionating the Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Control’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2006, 18, 949–65.

    92. A. G. Sanfey et al., ‘Phineas Gauged: Decision-Making and the Human Prefrontal Cortex’, Neuropsychologia, 2003, 41, 1218–29.

    93. E. Koechlin et al., ‘Dissociating the Role of the Medial and Lateral Anterior Prefrontal Cortex in Human Planning’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 2000, 97, 7651–6.

    94. G. Loewenstein, S. Rick, and J. D. Cohen, ‘Neuroeconomics’, Annual Review of Psychology, 2008, 59, 647–72.

    Part 8: Emotions and Social Neuroscience

    95. P. Ekman, ‘An Argument for Basic Emotions’, Cognition and Emotion, 1992, 6, 169–200.

    96. E. A. Phelps and J. E. LeDoux, ‘Contributions of the Amygdala to Emotion Processing: From Animal Models to Human Behavior’, Neuron, 2005, 48, 175–87.

    97. R. Adolphs et al., ‘A Mechanism for Impaired Fear Recognition after Amygdala Damage’, Nature, 2005, 433, 68–72.

    98. S. Schacter and J. E. Singer, ‘Cognitive, Social, and Physiological Determinants of Emotional State’, Psychology Review, 1962, 69, 379–99.

    99. B. Corden et al., ‘Fear Recognition Ability Predicts Differences in Social Cognitive and Neural Functioning in Men’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2006, 18, 889–97.

    100. S. M. Reader and K. N. Laland, ‘Social Intelligence, Innovation, and Enhanced Brain Size in Primates’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 2002, 99, 4436–41.

    101. R. W. Byrne and A. Whiten, ‘Cognitive Evolution in Primates: Evidence from Tactical Deception’, Man, 1992, 27, 609–27.

    102. A. Bechara et al., ‘Insensitivity to Future Consequences Following Damage to Human Prefrontal Cortex’, Cognition, 1994, 50, 7–15.

    103. R. Zahn et al., ‘Social Concepts are Represented in the Superior Anterior Temporal Cortex’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 2007, 104, 6430–5.

    104. T. Singer et al., ‘Empathic Neural Responses are Modulated by the Perceived Fairness of Others’, Nature, 2006, 439, 466–9.

    105. V. Gallese, ‘The "Shared Manifold" Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy’, Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2001, 8, 33–50.

    106. S. Baron-Cohen, A. Leslie, and U. Frith, ‘Does the Autistic Child Have a "Theory of Mind"?’, Cognition, 1985, 21, 37–46.

    107. U. Frith and C. D. Frith, ‘Development and Neurophysiology of Mentalising’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 2003, 358, 459–72.

    108. J. P. Mitchell, M. R. Banaji, and C. N. Macrae, ‘The Link Between Social Cognition and Self-Referential Thought in the Medial Prefrontal Cortex’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2005, 17, 1306–15.


    Jamie Ward is a Senior Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Sussex, UK. He is the author of over forty research papers in psychology and cognitive neuroscience, and an expert on the topic of synaesthesia. He is the author of a major textbook, The Student’s Guide to Cognitive Neuroscience (Psychology Press, 2006), and a popular-science account of synaesthesia, The Frog who Croaked Blue (Routledge, 2008).