The existence of noticeable 'unified' parties is central to the theory and practice of democracy in general, and to parliamentary democracy in particular. However, legislative studies scholars have good reason to cease treating parties as monolithic, unitary actors, for they evidently are not. The first step in this direction is to ask why one of the distinguishing features of modern political parties is their legislative unity. Do parties enter parliament as unified actors, or are they moulded into this model by the legislature? The answer depends on whether one is looking at cohesion or at discipline. The goal of this collection of articles is to present a conceptual delineation between these two key concepts.
This book was previously published as a special issue of the Journal of Legislative Studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Explaining Party Cohesion in Democratic Legislatures: Purposiveness and contexts 2. Legislative Cohesion and Presidential Policy Success 3. Cohesion without Discipline: Party voting in the house of lords 4. Committee Cohesion and the 'Corporate Dimension' of Parliamentary Committees: A comparative analysis 5. The Development of Parliamentary Discipline in New Parliaments: Eastern German state legislature 1990-2000 6. Party Cohesion and Party Discipline in German Parliaments 7. High Discipline, Low Cohesion?: The uncertain patters of Canadian parliamentary party groups 8. Government Party Discipline in Parliamentary Democracies: The cases of Belgium, France and the United Kingdom in the 1990s 9. Party Discipline and Government Imposition of Restrictive Rules 10. Party Cohesion and Discipline Revisited: Contingent unity in the parliamentary party group