This book examines the impact of the Cold War in a global context and focuses on city-scale reactions to the atomic warfare. It explores urbanism as a weapon to combat the dangers of the communist intrusion into the American territories and promote living standards for the urban poor in the US cities.
The Cold War saw the birth of ‘atomic urbanisation’, central to which were planning, politics and cultural practices of the newly emerged cities. This book examines cities in the Arctic, Europe, Asia and Australasia in detail to reveal how military, political, resistance and cultural practices impacted on the spaces of everyday life. It probes questions of city planning and development such as how did the threat of nuclear war affect planning at a range of geographic scales; what were the patterns of the built environment, architectural forms and material aesthetics of atomic urbanism in difference places; how did the ‘Bomb’ manifest itself in civic governance, popular media, arts and academia. Understanding the age of atomic urbanism can help meet the contemporary challenges that cities are facing.
The book delivers a new dimension to the existing debates of the ideologically opposed superpowers and their allies, their hemispherical geopolitical struggles, and helps to understand decades of growth post-World War II by foregrounding the Cold War.
Table of Contents
Cold War Cities: Spatial Planning, Social and Political Processes, and Cultural Practices in the Age of Atomic Urbanism, 1945-1965
Richard Brook, Martin Dodge and Jonathan Hogg
Part 1: Planning the Cold War City
1. Properties of Science: How Industrial Research and the Suburbs Reshaped Each Other in Cold-War Pittsburgh
2. The City of Bristol: Ground Zero in the Making
3. Towards a Prosperous Future Through Cold War Planning: Stalinist Urban Design in the Industrial Towns of Sillamäe and Kohtla-Järve, Estonia
4. Nuclear Anxiety in Postwar Japan’s City of the Future
Visual Essay: Urbanism of Fear: A Tale of Two Chinese Cold War Cities
Part 2: Building the Cold War City
5. The Warsaw Metro and the Warsaw Pact: From Deep Cover to Cut-and-Cover
6. Competing Militarisation and Urban Development During the Cold War: How a Soviet Air Base Came to Dominate Tartu, Estonia
Daniel B. Hess and Taavi Pae
7. In-Between the East and the West: Architecture and Urban Planning in ‘Non-Aligned’ Skopje
8. Atomic Urbanism Under Greenland’s Ice Cap: Camp Century and Cold War Architectural Imagination
Kristian H. Nielsen
Visual Essay: Warfare or Welfare? Civil Defence and Emergency Planning in Danish Urban Welfare Architecture
Part 3: Culture and Politics in the Cold War City
9. Urban Space, Public Protest, and Nuclear Weapons in Early Cold War Sydney
10. In the Middle of the Atomic Arena: Visible and Invisible NATO Sites in Verona During the Nineteen Fifties
11. Conceiving the Atomic Bomb Threat Between West and East: Mobilisation, Representation and Perception Against the A-bomb in 1950s Red Bologna
12. Making a ‘Free World’ City: Urban Space and Social Order in Cold War Bangkok
Visual Essay: Cold War Telecommunication and Urban Vulnerability – Underground Exchange and Microwave Tower in Manchester
Martin Dodge and Richard Brook
Richard Brook is an Architect and Reader at Manchester School of Architecture. He is author of Manchester Modern (2017). He has talked, written, curated and published extensively on post-war British architecture. He researches the policies of planning and regulation and their impact on urban form.
Martin Dodge is a Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Manchester. His major research interests currently are on visual culture and the politics of mapping, and infrastructural geographies read through historical and archival perspectives.
Jonathon Hogg is a Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Liverpool and has conducted extensive research on the cultural and social history of the British nuclear state. His recent publications offer a new interpretation of nuclear culture and the Cold War by tracing the tensions between 'official' and 'unofficial' nuclear narratives.