This book examines the changes in representing collaboration, during the Holocaust, especially in the destruction of European Jewry, in the public discourse and the historiography of various countries in Europe that were occupied by the Germans, or were considered, at least during part of the war, as Germany's allies or satellites. In particular, it shows how representations and responses have been conditioned by national and political trends and constraints. As historical background to the issues of postwar collective memory and public discourse, it includes references to and short descriptions of major manifestations of collaboration, chiefly in regards to the Jews, in each of these countries during the war. Whether they were Communist or democratic regimes, the book shows how the sudden burden of the past was suppressed, denied or distorted in various periods. Covering a wide area of both Eastern and Western Europe from different specialist perspectives, this comprehensive study of collaboration in the Holocaust and its aftermath will be a valuable tool for teachers and students in the field of modern European history and Holocaust studies.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Roni Stauber Part I: Occupied Countries: The Communist Bloc 2. Where the Past is Never Past: Holocaust Memory in Post-Communist Poland Laurence Weinbaum 3. Collaboration in Ukraine during the Holocaust: Aspects of Historiography and Research Anatoly Podolsky 4. Popular Collaboration in the Baltic States: Between Evasion and Facing a Burdensome Past Yitzhak Arad Part II: Occupied Countries: The Western World 5. Failures and Mistakes: Images of Collaboration in Postwar Dutch Society Ido de Haan 6. Turning a Blind Eye: Aspects of Holocaust Memory in Belgium, 1945-2005 Maxim Steinberg and Joel Kotek 7. Between Tradition and New Departure: The Dilemmas of Collaboration in Denmark Sofie Lene Bak 8. Collaboration in the Deportation of Norway’s Jews: Challenging Views and Representations Bjarte Bruland 9. Strategies of Evasion: Avoiding the Issue of Collaboration and Indifference during the Holocaust in Greece Andrew Apostolou Part III: Germany’s Allies 10. Collaboration and Collaborators in Vichy France: An Unfinished Debate Alain Michel 11. Holocaust and Collaboration in Slovakia in the Postwar Discourse Gila Fatran 12. Oblivion and Denial in the Italian Postwar Resistance Ethos Manuela Consonni 13. Hungary: Continuing Trials of War and Memory Raphael Vago 14. Romania’s Sinuous Road to Facing Collaboration Michael Shafir
Roni Stauber is Schusterman Visiting Professor in Israeli Studies at Rutgers University and Senior Research Fellow at the Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Rascism and Anti-Semitism at Tel Aviv University.