The focus of this book is on the PingPu peoples in Taiwan and their right to official recognition as "indigenous peoples" by the Taiwanese government. The result of centuries of colonization, indigenous tribes in Taiwan have faced severe cultural repression because of the government's refusal to accept ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity. The PingPu Status Recognition Movement is the result of a decade of activism by impassioned people seeking the right to self-determination, autonomy, and tribal legitimacy from the Han-Chinese-controlled Taiwanese government.
This book examines, through in-depth interviews, questionnaires, field observations, and analysis of governmental and United Nations documents, the perspectives of those directly involved in the movement, as well as those affected by "indigenous" status recognition. Study of the PingPu Indigenous movement is vitally important as it publicly declares Taiwanese Indigenous population's humanity and collective rights and provides a more comprehensive analysis of identity-based movements as a fundamental form of collective human rights claims.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction. Indigenous Movement in Taiwan. The PingPu Peoples. 2. Theoretical Perspectives: The Contextualization of Human Rights and Identity - Based Movements. The Language of Human Rights. Indigenous Rights as Collective Human Rights. PingPu Movement as Identity - Based Movements. Theories on Racial and Ethnic Conflicts. Theoretical Application. 3. Research Approaches. Feminist and Participatory Research. Research Design. Research Questions Addressed and Goals. Questionnaire Survey and In-Depth Action Interview. 4. Right Analysis Indigenous Peoples. The Rises and Structure of the Indigenous Movement. United Nations and Indigenous Peoples Rights. Indigenous Peoples' Rights, Claims and Movement. Taiwanese Indigenous People's Participation in the United Nations. 5. Historical Analysis Taiwan: Its People and Political Status. Han Chinese in Taiwan - Historical Context. United Nations and Taiwan. 6. Ethnographic Exploration of PingPu Peoples. PingPu in 1886 - from the Eyes of George Taylor's Journey in 1882. A Journal Through the Land of the Siraya in 2001- 2002: Selected Field Notes from Jolan Hsieh. 7. Further Explorations of PingPu Identity, Rights, and Movement: Survey Results and Policy Discussion Overview of Results. 8. Research Contributions, Implications, Recommendations, and Shortcomings. Research Contributions and Implications. The Problems Facing Taiwan's Indigenous Peoples Today. Possibly Application through U.S. Indian Policy Review. Recommendations. Research Shortcomings. On Being PingPu Indigenous. 9. Conclusion and Reflections. References. Appendix A. In- Depth Interview Questions/Guidelines. B. Survey Questionnaire. C. Taipei Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Jolan Hsieh is a Taiwanese indigenous scholar, feminist, and activist. Her book The Changes of Tribal Membership and Indigenous Identification in the U.S. (2002) was published in Taiwan. She is an Associate Professor for the Department of Indigenous Cultures at National DongHwa University.