This book explains the development of Alexandria during a seventy-five year period, from the time of Muhammad Ali Pasha until the beginning of the British occupation of Egypt. Alexandria was both a bridgehead of European colonialism and a crucible of Egyptian national integration and identity.
Part One: The Geographical and Historical Inheritance 1. Between Egypt and the Sea 2. The Ottoman Town Part Two: Muhammad Ali's City, 1807–1848 3. Engineering a Renaissance 4. Restructuring Urban Administration 5. A Demographic Profile at Mid-Century Part Three: Bridgehead of Colonialism, 1848–1882 6. The Boom Years 7. Property and Privilege 8. Administration and Society after 1850 9. Mediterranean Magnet 10. The Crisis of 1882 11. Conclusion