1st Edition

Combined Pile-Raft Foundations Design and Practice

By Oliver Reul, Mark Randolph Copyright 2025
    280 Pages 73 Color & 70 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book presents the fundamental features of the design and performance of combined pile-raft foundations (CPRFs). Whereas in a traditional foundation the loads are carried either by the raft or by the piles, the capacity of CPRFs is assessed for the foundation as a whole, reducing total and differential settlements economically.

    The five chapters provide an overview of the historical development of piled rafts in practice and research, and of the design concepts developed for piled rafts over the last decades. Fundamental aspects of their bearing behaviour are presented, as well as an overview of the framework of the design process for CPRFs, including the safety concept, the design approach summarized in the ISSMGE Combined Pile-Raft Foundation Guideline (ISSMGE TC 212 2013) and the interaction between structural and geotechnical engineering. For numerical analysis based on the finite element method, guidance is given on creating the model and performing the calculations before providing basic information on the requirements for the site investigation, supervision of the construction process and monitoring of the foundation performance. Detailed case studies illustrate the design and performance of CPRFs, and a design example for the foundation of a multi-storey office building founded in non-cohesive soil is investigated, carrying out 3D finite element analysis to estimate deformations and design parameters for structural engineering.

    Based on the combined experience of the authors obtained in the last decades working in the industry and research, the book particularly suits consulting engineers engaged in foundation engineering, as well as graduate students and researchers interested in the bearing behaviour of piled rafts and pile groups.

    1. Introduction.

    2. Bearing Behaviour of Piled Rafts.

    3. Design, Construction and Monitoring of CPRF.

    4. Case Histories.

    5. Design Example.

    Appendix A. Notation.

    Appendix B. Summary of Case Histories on Piled Rafts.


    Oliver Reul is a professor at the University of Kassel, Germany and heads the Department of Geotechnical Engineering. As a consulting engineer and accredited proof engineer for geotechnical engineering he has been involved in the design and construction of numerous combined pile-raft foundations.

    Mark Randolph is Emeritus Professor and Honorary Fellow in the Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems at the University of Western Australia and a consultant with Fugro Australia Pty Ltd in Perth. He is widely published including two previous books: Piling Engineering and Offshore Geotechnical Engineering, also published by Taylor & Francis, and over 300 journal articles. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in 2021.