Combustion Measurements: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Combustion Measurements

1st Edition

By Norman Chigier

CRC Press

512 pages

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Hardback: 9781560320289
pub: 1991-04-01
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Description

The book begins with an introduction to the general problems of making measurements in high temperature and a presentation of chemically reacting flow systems. It describes each instrument with the various diagnostic techniques and discusses measurements that have been made in furnaces, flames, and rocket engines. The detailed measurement techniques described in this book cover a wide spectrum of applications in combustion systems, including gas turbine, rocket measurement techniques that were developed in laboratories. Information obtained on detailed temperature, velocity, particle size, and gas concentration distribution is leading to improve understanding of the chemical combustion process and to design imporvements in combustors.

Table of Contents

Measurements in Combustion Systems

Introduction

Velocity

Holography

Temperature

Joint Measurements of Velocity, Temperature, and Species Concentration

Particle Sizing

Simultaneous Particle Size and Velocity

Particle Sizing in Large Furnaces

Optical Properties of Soot and Droplets

Generalized Lorenz-Mie Theory for Light Scattering

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

Coal and Char Particles

Conclusion

VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS BY LASER ANEMOMETRY, Norm Chigier

Introduction

Laser Velocimetry

Conclusions

Nomenclature

PARTICLE AND FLOW FIELD HOLOGRAPHY, J.D. TRolinger

Introduction

Holocameras and Reconstruction Systems

Holographic Interferometry

Applications

Data Reproduction

Nomenclature

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS BY LIGHT-SCATTERING METHODS, Norman M. Laurendeau

Introduction

Light-Scattering Methods: Similarities and Differences

Spontaneous Raman Scattering

Thermometry by Rayleigh Scattering

Laser-Induced Fluorescence

Planar Thermometry

Summary and Conclusions

Nomenclature

JOINT LASER RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY AND ANEMOMETRY, D.R. Balla

Introduction

Requirement of Combustion Measurements

Raman Spectroscopy - Anemometry Integration

Sources of Error

Error Estimates and Data Reproducibility

Combustion Measurement Using Joint Raman-LDA Systems

Future Developments

Summary

Nomenclature

SPRAY DIAGNOSTICS BY LASER DIFFRACTION, J. SWITCHENBANK, J. Cao, and A.A. Hamidi

Introduction

Particle Sizing Methods

Diffraction Theory and Particle Sizing

Two-Phase Reacting Flow Calculations

Conclusions

Nomenclature

DIAGNOSTICS FOR FUEL SPRAY CHARACTERIZATION, W.D. Bachalo, A. Brena de la Rosa, and S.V. Sankar

Introduction

Brief Review of Light-Scattering Interferometry

The Phase Doppler Method

Practical Applications of Phase Doppler Method

Time-Resolved Measurements of Sprays in Turbulent Flows

Nomenclature

IN SITU PARTICLE MEASUREMENTS IN COMBUSTION ENVIRONMENTS, D.J. Holve and Patricia L. Meyer

Introduction

Instrument Configuration and Specifications

Principle of Operations

Design Criteria

Applications

Summary

Nomenclature

OPTICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF CONDENSED PHASES IN COMBUSTION SYSTEMS, A. D'Allessio, F. Beretta, and A. Cavaliere

Introduction

Theoretical Background

Optical Characterization of Soot Clouds

Determination of the Scattering Cross Sections of Single Droplets

Optical Characterization of Sprays

Nomenclature

GENERALIZED LORENZ-MIE THEORY AND APPLICATIONS TO OPTICAL SIZING, G. Gouesbet, G. Grehan, and B. Maheu

Introduction

General Formulation of the GLMT

Gaussian Beams

Numerical Computation of the Coefficients gn

Numerical Computation of the Coefficients gmn

Applications of the GLMT

Conclusion

Appendix: Useful Integral Relations

Nomenclature

FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED EMISSION/TRANSMISSION SPECTROSCOPY IN FLAMES, P.R. Solomon and P.E. Best

Introduction

Experiment

Analysis

Results

Conclusions

Nomenclature

PARTICLE MEASUREMENTS IN COAL CHAR COMBUSTION, Ranajit Sahu and Richard C. Flagan

Introduction

Combustion Systems

Temperature Measurement

Particle Measurement

Carbon Conversion Measurements

Model Fuels

Nomenclature

Author Index

Subject Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical