Combustion for Material Synthesis: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Combustion for Material Synthesis

1st Edition

By Alexander S. Rogachev, Alexander S. Mukasyan

CRC Press

424 pages | 25 Color Illus. | 145 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482239515
pub: 2014-12-15
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Description

Exposes a Powerful Material-Making Tool

Dedicated to the physical, chemical, and structural transformations that take place during combustion synthesis (CS) of advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis analyzes the nature of solid flame phenomenon and provides readers with undisputed proof that ‘fire’ is a powerful tool used in making materials. Of interest to specialists in the field of materials engineering, this book explores the physical and chemical principles of synthesis of materials in the self-sustained combustion mode. It describes mechanisms for a variety of solid–solid and gas–solid reactions and examines structure and properties of different materials produced by CS.

The authors discuss a wide range of topics, including phenomenology, theory, experimental methods and observations, as well as properties of the product synthesized and approaches for large-scale materials production using the combustion synthesis technique. They examine conventional concepts and present recent breakthroughs in the field of materials synthesis by rapid self-sustained reactions that include fabrication of different nanomaterials. They compare CS with other methods, factoring in different types of combustion processes, including processes that can occur in a vacuum, inert gas, or oxygen-free atmosphere.

Covering research on topics that have been around for a while, but not widely circulated, this work:

  • Outlines in detail both fundamental aspects of CS, including modern theoretical approaches and advanced in situ experimental methods
  • Examines the advantages and disadvantages, achievements, and challenges remained in heterogeneous combustion used for material synthesis
  • Explores the emergence of a new fundamental direction in material science, i.e., structural macrokinetics
  • Details new technologies that are based on fundamental scientific discoveries and innovative scientific ideas
  • Analyzes structure and properties of variety of CS materials, including nanomaterials

Authored by world-recognized specialists in the field of combustion synthesis for advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis presents the state of the art in R&D in the field of CS, focusing on the fabrication of novel materials. It is intended for researchers, engineers, and graduate students from different disciplines and is also suggested as recommended reading for materials science courses.

Table of Contents

Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis: History and Present

Discovery

Gasless combustion synthesis

Combustion synthesis with gasification of the reagents

Combustion synthesis in gas–solid systems

Combustion synthesis with a reduction stage: the thermite type systems and nanothermites

Combustion synthesis with inorganic compounds as precursors

Thermal decomposition of complex compounds

Solution combustion synthesis

Mechanical activation of initial powder mixtures for SHS

Reactive multilayer nanofilms (foils)

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of SHS

Introduction

Thermodynamics and driving force of SHS processes

Kinetics of heterogeneous reactions

Theory of Structural Macrokinetics

Introduction: The concept of structural macrokinetics

Macrokinetics of thermal explosion

Macrokinetics of combustion

Theoretical models of structure formation in SHS

Conclusion

Experimental Structural Macrokinetics of SHS Processes

Experimental methods

Experimental results

Commercialization and Industrial Applications of SHS Products

Introduction

Powders and cakes

Ceramic materials

Cermets and functionally graded materials

Products of SHS metallurgy

Application of multilayer reaction nanofilms

Conclusion

Endnotes

References

Index

About the Authors

Dr. Alexander S. Rogachev is a head of the Laboratory of "Dynamics of Micro-heterogeneous Processes" in the Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Materials Science, Russian Academy of Sciences; he is also Professor at National Research Technical University "Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys" and Academician of the Word Academy of Ceramics. In research work, Dr. Rogachev primarily focuses on the mechanisms of phase and structure transformations during high-temperature rapid reactions and their relations to the mechanisms of combustion wave propagation in micro/nano-heterogeneous media. He has more than 30 years of experience working in the field of combustion synthesis. Author of more than 200 publications in this field.

Dr. Alexander Mukasyan is a Professor at Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame (USA). His scientific interest is related to a synthesis of advanced materials, nanotechnology, environmental science and novel alternative energy sources, including fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage. He is the author of three books and more than 200 research publications in archive journals and patents in the fields of engineering of advanced materials, catalysis, high energy density materials and heterogeneous combustion.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical