Commemorative Spaces of the First World War
Historical Geographies at the Centenary
This is the first book to bring together an interdisciplinary, theoretically engaged and global perspective on the First World War through the lens of historical and cultural geography. Reflecting the centennial interest in the conflict, the collection explores the relationships between warfare and space, and pays particular attention to how commemoration is connected to spatial elements of national identity, and processes of heritage and belonging. Venturing beyond military history and memory studies, contributors explore conceptual contributions of geography to analyse the First World War, as well as reflecting upon the imperative for an academic discussion on the War’s centenary.
This book explores the War’s impact in more unexpected theatres, blurring the boundary between home and fighting fronts, investigating the experiences of the war amongst civilians and often overlooked combatants. It also critically examines the politics of hindsight in the post-war period, and offers an historical geographical account of how the First World War has been memorialised within ‘official’ spaces, in addition to those overlooked and often undervalued ‘alternative spaces’ of commemoration.
This innovative and timely text will be key reading for students and scholars of the First World War, and more broadly in historical and cultural geography, social and cultural history, European history, Heritage Studies, military history and memory studies.
Table of Contents
1. Conflicting spaces – Geographies of the First World War
James Wallis and David C. Harvey
Part 1: Rethinking, and Looking Beyond the Front Line
2. Congested terrain: contested memories. Visualising the multiple spaces of war and remembrance
3. Remembering the anti-war movement: contesting the war and fighting the class struggle on Clydeside
4. The First World War in Palestine: biographies and memoirs of Muslims, Jews, and Christians
Eyal Berelovich and Ruth Kark
5. Malta in the First World War: an appraisal through cartography and local newspapers
John A. Schembri, Ritienne Gauci, Stefano Furlani, Raphael Mizzi
6. Asia’s Great War: A Shared Experience
Part 2: Commemorative Spaces
7. The art of war display – the Imperial War Museum’s First World War galleries, 2014
James Wallis and James Taylor
8. Commemorative cartographies, citizen cartographers and WW1 community engagement
Keith D. Lilley
9. Affective ecologies of the post-historical present in the Western Front dominion war memorials
10. Local complications: Anzac commemoration, education and tourism at Melbourne’s Shrine of Remembrance
11. ‘To leave a wooden poppy cross of our own’: First World War battlefield spaces in the era of post-living memory
12. Witnessing the First World War in Britain: new spaces of remembrance
13. Reflecting on the Great War 1914-2019: How has it been defined, how has it been commemorated, how should it be remembered?
14. Afterword: The mobilization of memory 1917-2014
David C. Harvey is an Associate Professor in Critical Heritage Studies at Aarhus Universitet, Denmark, and an Honorary Professor of Historical Cultural Geography at the University of Exeter (United Kingdom). His work has focussed on the geographies of heritage, and he has contributed to some key heritage debates, including processual understandings of heritage, extending the temporal depth of heritage, the outlining of heritage-landscape and heritage-climate change relations and the opening up of hidden memories through oral history. His recent works include The Future of Heritage as Climates Change: Loss, Adaptation and Creativity (edited with Jim Perry, 2015), Commemorative Spaces of the First World War: Historical Geography at the Centenary (edited with James Wallis, 2017), and ‘Critical heritage debates and the commemoration of the First World War: productive nostalgia and discourses of respectful reverence’, in Helaine Silverman et al (eds) Heritage in Action (2017).
James Wallis is a research fellow at the Universities of Exeter and Brighton. Currently employed on ‘Reflections on the Centenary of the First World War: Learning and Legacies for the Future’, he has worked on several post-doctoral First World War-related projects – including affiliations with the ‘Everyday Lives in War’ Public Engagement Centre (University of Hertfordshire) and ‘Living Legacies 1914–18’ (Queens University Belfast). Formerly an Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded Collaborative Doctoral Award student at Exeter and Imperial War Museums, his research explores the critical geographies of conflict heritage in a variety of contexts. Recent and ongoing projects examine the relationship between photography and conflict commemoration, and museological interpretations of the First World War. His recent work includes Commemorative Spaces of the First World War: Historical Geography at the Centenary (edited with David Harvey, 2017).