Common Discourse Particles in English Conversation: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Common Discourse Particles in English Conversation

1st Edition

By Lawrence C. Schourup


184 pages

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First published in 1985, this book studies several common items in English conversation known variously as ‘discourse particles’, ‘interjections’, ‘discourse markers’, and, more informally, ‘hesitations’ or ‘fillers’. While the analysis primarily focuses on ‘like’, ‘well’ and ‘you know’, the larger concern is the entire set of items of which these are members and as such ‘I mean’, ‘now’, ‘oh’, ‘hey’, and ‘aha’ are also examined. These discourse particles are analysed at length and then a framework is proposed in which their use individually makes sense and allows revealing comparisons to be made between them. This book will be of interest to students of linguistics

Table of Contents

Preface; List of Symbols; 1 Introduction; 1.1 General Remarks 1.2 Covert Thinking in Conversation 1.3 Three ‘Worlds’ of the Speaker 1.4 Routinization 1.5 Use of speech Materials 1.6 Outline of Remaining Chapters; 2 Evinces; 2.1 Interjections and Evincives 2.2 Evincives in Quotations 2.2.1 ‘Well’ and ‘Oh’ in quotations 2.3 Enquoting 2.4 Quotation 2.5 Summary; 3 ‘Like’; 3.1 ‘Like’ in conversation 3.2 ‘Like’ Introducing Direct Discourse 3.3 ‘Like’ After Questions 3.4 The ‘For Example’ Use 3.5 ‘Like as an Interjection 3.6 ‘It’s Like’ 3.7 conclusion; 4 ‘Well’; 4.1 Introduction 4.2 ‘Well’ Before Exclamations 4.3 ‘Well’ Introducing Direct Discourse 4.4 Topic Shifting 4.5 ‘Well’ Before Answers 4.6 ‘Well’ Before Questions 4.7 ‘Well’ and Self-Repair 4.8 ‘Well’ and Other-Repair 4.9 Sentence-Final ‘Well’ 4.10 Reduced ‘Well’ 4.11 ‘Well’ and Narrative Elision 4.12 ‘Well’ and ‘Intension’ 4.13 Conclusion; 5 ‘You Know’; 5.1 Preliminary Remarks 5.2 YK as a Truth Parenthetical 5.3 YK and Properties of Truth Parentheticals 5.4 Evidence for two Types of YK 5.5 The Use of YKb 5.6 A Third YK? 5.7 Discourse Functions of YKb 5.7.1 Topic Introduction 5.7.2 Topic Tracking 5.7.3 YKb and Repair 5.8 YKb as a ‘Sociocentric Sequence’ 5.9 Interrogative YK 5.10 YK and Turn Taking 5.11 Distribution of YK: Some Quantitative Results 5.12 Conclusion; 6 The Role of Discourse Particles in Conversation; 6.1 General Remarks 6.2 ‘Now’ 6.3 ‘I Mean’ 6.4 ‘Mind You’ 6.5 ‘Sort O(f)’, ‘Kind O(f)’, ‘An(d) Stuff’, ‘An(d) Everything’, ‘An(d) so on’, etc. 6.6 Interjections 6.7 Types of Disclosure Functions 6.8 General Summary; Footnotes; References

About the Series

RLE: Discourse Analysis

Discourse analysis is a wide ranging area of study that examines the features of language beyond the limits of a sentence — including vocal, written and sign language, along with any significant semiotic events. It has been employed from a number of interdisciplinary perspectives in an attempt to reveal a person’s socio-psychological characteristics through the practical analysis of naturally-occurring language rather than artificially created examples.

Routledge Library Editions: Discourse Analysis brings together an extensive collection of scholarship that reflects the broad scope of the subject area, examining the relationship of discourse to a number of closely related fields including stylistics, pragmatics, speech, conversation, context, anaphora, grammar and psychology. This set, published between 1979 and 1993, provides a thorough grounding in this key discipline for students of linguistics and psychology, and social sciences in general.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Grammar & Punctuation
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Sociolinguistics
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Syntax
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Semantics