Community Forestry in Nepal: Adapting to a Changing World, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Community Forestry in Nepal

Adapting to a Changing World, 1st Edition

Edited by Richard Thwaites, Robert Fisher, Mohan Poudel


204 pages | 45 B/W Illus.

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Community forestry focuses on the link between forest resources and livelihoods and contributes to forest conservation and reforestation. It is widespread in Nepal, with a very high proportion of the rural population involved, and is widely recognized as one of the most successful examples of community forestry in Asia. Through a combination of literature reviews and original research, this volume explores key experiences and outcomes of community forestry in Nepal over the last four decades as a model for improving forest management and supporting local livelihoods.

The book takes a critical approach, recognizing successes, especially in forest conservation and restoration, along with mixed outcomes in terms of poverty reduction and benefits to forest users. It recognizes the way that community forestry has continued to evolve to meet new challenges, including the global challenges of climate change, environmental degradation and conservation, as well as national demographic and social changes due to large-scale labour migration and the growing remittance economy. In addition to examining the changes and responses, the book explores ways that community forestry in Nepal might move forward. Lessons from Nepal have relevance to community forestry and community-based approaches to natural resource management around the world that are also experiencing global pressures and opportunities.

Table of Contents

1. Community Forestry in Nepal: origins and issues

Richard Thwaites, Robert Fisher, Mohan Poudel

2. The history and context of Community Forestry in Nepal

Robert Fisher, Richard Thwaites, Mohan Poudel

3. Community Forestry in Nepal: Analysis of Environmental Outcomes

Ridish Pokharel, Krishna Tiwari, Richard Thwaites

4. Community forestry, rural livelihoods and poverty reduction in Nepal

Binod Devkota, Richard Thwaites, Digby Race

5. Community forestry and community development in Nepal

Binod Devkota, Richard Thwaites, Digby Race

6. Forest tenure and Community Forestry in Nepal: trends and implications

Ganga Ram Dahal, Krishna Adhikari, Richard Thwaites

7. Community Forestry and pro-poor climate change adaptation: A case study from Nepal

Popular Gentle, Richard Thwaites

8. REDD+ and Community Forestry in Nepal

Mohan Poudel, Eak Rana, Richard Thwaites

9. Labour migration, the remittance economy and the changing context of Community Forestry in Nepal

Krishna Shrestha, Robert Fisher

10. Community Forestry reinventing itself in Nepal

Robert Fisher, Richard Thwaites, Mohan Poudel

About the Editors

Richard Thwaites is Senior Lecturer, School of Environmental Sciences, and Institute for Land Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Australia.

Robert Fisher is Senior Lecturer, School of Geosciences, University of Sydney, and Senior Research Fellow, Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia.

Mohan Poudel is REDD Expert (Under Secretary), REDD Implementation Centre, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Nepal.

About the Series

The Earthscan Forest Library

The Earthscan Forest Library

This series brings together a wide collection of volumes addressing diverse aspects of forests and forestry and draws on a range of disciplinary perspectives. Titles cover the full range of forest science and include the biology, ecology, biodiversity, restoration, management (including silviculture and timber production), geography and environment (including climate change), socio-economics, anthropology, policy, law and governance. The series aims to demonstrate the important role of forests in nature, peoples’ livelihoods and in contributing to broader sustainable development goals. It is aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, professionals, policy-makers and concerned members of civil society. Authors or editors of potential new titles should contact Hannah Ferguson, Editor (

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / Forestry