The studies in this volume originated from an international conference on 'Community, Identity and the State' held at Tel Aviv University in 2001. The first two chapters examine whether modernisation, Westernisation and democratisation are identical, and whether democracy is connected to a certain, specific type of social structure. The third examines similarities in the political, economic and social development of 'Second World' and 'Third World' countries, while the fourth discusses the relationship between criminal and 'normal' structures in Russian society. Subsequent chapters focus on nationalism, using case studies from Argentina, Syria and Morocco, on the 'Ulama and national movements in the Middle East, on Islamic nationalism in Iran and on the discourse between pan-Africanism and Islam. The final two chapters examine the effects on tribal politics of the exploitation of oil in Abu Dhabi, and the problems of the Kurds in northern Iraq.
Table of Contents
1. Political Community and State Structures: Europe and Japan in comparative view 2. An Historical-Anthropological Look at Some Sociopolitical Problems of Second and Third World Countries 3. Informal Structures of Power (Clans) and Administration Models in the Post-Soviet and Post-Colonial Worlds 4. Criminal Social Structures and Normative Society in Russia Today: A growing interaction 5. Peronist Nationalism and the Hispanic Heritage in Argentina 6. National and State Identity in Syria 7. Traditional Monarchy and the Emergence of Modern Nationalism: The Moroccan experience 8. Ulama and National Movements in the Middle East: Between harmony and dissent 9. Islamic Nationalism in Iran and its Ideological, Military and Foreign Policy Aspects 10. Communities of Ideas: Blyden, Senghor and the evolution of the discourse between pan-Africanism and Islam 11. Oil and Tribal Politics: Changing the gard in Abu Dhabi 12. The Iraqi Kurds: Hour of power?
Moshe Gammer is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Middle Eastern and African History, Tel Aviv University. He is also the author of Muslim Resistance to the Tsar: Shamil and the Conquest of Chechnia and Daghestan and editor of The Caspian: A Re-emerging Region and The Caucasus: Post-Soviet Conflict.