City and state governments around the world are struggling to achieve environmentally sustainable transport. Economic, technological, city and transport planning and human behaviour solutions are often hampered by ineffective implementation. So attention is now turning to institutional, governmental and political barriers. Approaches to these implementation problems assume that transport ownership can only be public (owned by state entities) or private (corporate or personal). Another option – largely unexplored to date – is communal ownership of transport.
Community-Owned Transport proposes and develops the notion that communal ownership has a historical basis and provides unique opportunities for providing personal mobility. It looks at the historical roots of modern urban transport’s failings as those of technological change and the associated governing of transport systems, particularly the role of public sector institutions. Community ownership is explored through the new ‘sharing economy’ developments – car sharing, ridesharing and bicycle share schemes – and older social innovations in ecovillages and communal living. Models and practices of community ownership of transport are provided and this study also discusses how community ownership might contribute to sustainable transport.
Drawing widely on different disciplines and fields of scholarship, this book explores the conceptual and practical aspects of communal ownership of transport. It will be a valuable resource for those seeking innovative approaches to addressing the pressing problems of transport, including graduate and postgraduate students, as well as policymakers, practitioners and community groups.
Part I Modern Urban Transport and the Challenge of Sustainable Transport
1. A History of Modern Urban Transport Systems
2. Transport Governance and Institutions
3. Sustainable Transport
Part II Foundations of Community-Owned Transport
4. Collaborative Consumption
6. Urban Transport as a Commons
Part III Community-Owned Transport Practices
7. Community-Owned Transport
8. How Community-Owned Transport Addresses Unsustainable Transport
9. Likely Objections to Community Ownership
Part IV Implications of Community-Owned Transport
10. Political Economy of Community-Owned Transport
11. Community-Owned Transport: A Plea to Policy-Makers