1st Edition

Community Policing in Indigenous Communities

Edited By Mahesh K. Nalla, Graeme R. Newman Copyright 2013
    396 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    396 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Indigenous communities are typically those that challenge the laws of the nation states of which they have become—often very reluctantly—a part. Around the world, community policing has emerged in many of these regions as a product of their physical environments and cultures. Through a series of case studies, Community Policing in Indigenous Communities explores how these often deeply divided societies operate under the community policing paradigm.

    Drawing on the local expertise of policing practitioners and researchers across the globe, the book explores several themes with regard to each region:

    • How community policing originated or evolved in the community and how it has changed over time
    • The type of policing style used—whether informal or formal and uniformed or non-uniformed, whether partnerships are developed with local community organizations or businesses, and the extent of covert operations, if any
    • The role played by community policing in the region, including the relative emphasis of calls for service, the extent to which advice and help is offered to citizens, whether local records are kept of citizen movement and locations, and investigation and arrest procedures
    • The community’s special cultural or indigenous attributes that set it apart from other models of community policing
    • Organizational attributes, including status in the "hierarchy of control" within the regional or national organization of policing
    • The positive and negative features of community policing as it is practiced in the community
    • Its effectiveness in reducing and or preventing crime and disorder

    The book demonstrates that community policing cannot be imposed from above without grassroots input from local citizens. It is a strategy—not simply for policing with consent—but for policing in contexts where there is often little, if any, consent. It is an aspirational practice aimed to help police and communities within contested contexts to recognize that positive gains can be made, enabling communities to live in relative safety.

    Africa and the Middle East
    Bahrain; Staci Strobl
    Gambia; Pa Musa Jobarteh
    Lebanon: Community Policing in Nahr al Bared Refugee Camp; Nabil Ouassini
    Madagascar; Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Meredith L. Gore, and Lala Jean Rakotoniaina
    Niger; Lisbet Ilkjaer and Mahaman Abdoussalam
    Nigeria; Ikuteyijo Olusegun Lanre and Ayodele James Olabisi
    South Africa; Anthony Minnaar
    The Americas
    Argentina; Mark Ungar
    Canada: Aboriginal; Don Clairmont
    Canada: The Annapolis Valley; Don Clairmont and Anthony Thomson
    Chile; Mary Fran T. Malone
    Mexico; Roy Fenoff and Karina Garcia
    Peru; John S. Gitlitz
    Trinidad and Tobago; Vaughn J. Crichlow
    United States—Indigenous Communities; Susan Gade
    Asia and Oceania
    Police e Mardumi—Indigenous Civilian Policing at District Level in Afghanistan; Doel Mukerjee and Mushtaq Rahim
    Australia; Elaine Barclay and John Scott
    Bangladesh; M. Enamul Huq
    China: Indigenous Communities; Lena Y. Zhong and Shanhe Jiang
    India; Mahesh K. Nalla and Graeme R. Newman
    New Zealand; Greg Newbold and L. Thomas Winfree, Jr.
    Philippines; Raymund E. Narag
    South Korea; Wook Kang and Mahesh K. Nalla
    Thailand; Sutham Cobkit (Cheurprakobkit)
    Croatia; Krunoslav Borovec and Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovich
    Finland; Sirpa Virta
    Germany; Thomas Feltes
    Italy; Stefano Caneppele
    The Republic of Moldova; Evgheni Florea
    Netherlands; Arie van Sluis and Peter van Os
    Northern Ireland; Graham Ellison
    Poland; Emil W. Pływaczewski and Izabela Nowicka
    Serbia; Zvonimir Ivanović and Sergej Uljanov
    Slovenia; Maja Jere, Gorazd Meško and Andrej Sotlar
    Spain; Juan Jose Medina Ariza and Ester Blay
    Turkey; Dr. Kaan Boke


    Mahesh K. Nalla is a professor at the School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University in East Lansing. His research interests include police organizational and work cultures in the developed, emerging, and new democracies; trust and legitimacy of police in the new democracies; and private security in the emerging markets. His research has appeared in Justice Quarterly, Journal of Research and Crime and Delinquency, European Journal of Criminology, and Journal of Criminal Justice, among others. One of his major United Nations projects resulted in forming the cornerstone of the United Nations Economic and Social Council draft International Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials, as a supplement to the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. He is the editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.

    Graeme R. Newman is a distinguished teaching professor at the School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, and an associate director of the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. He has advised the United Nations on crime and justice issues over many years and, in 1990, established the United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network. His major works include Super Highway Robbery with Ronald V. Clarke, Outsmarting the Terrorists with Ronald V. Clarke, Crime and Immigration with Joshua Freilich, Designing Out Crime from Products and Systems with Ronald V. Clarke, Policing Terrorism: An Executive’s Guide with Ronald V. Clarke, a new translation of Cesare Beccaria’s On Crimes and Punishments with Pietro Marongiu, Reducing Terrorism through Situational Crime Prevention with Joshua Freilich, and Crime and Punishment around the World in four volumes.