Community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change is based on local priorities, needs, knowledge and capacities. Early CBA initiatives were generally implemented by non-government organisations (NGOs), and operated primarily at the local level. Many used ‘bottom-up’ participatory processes to identify the climate change problem and appropriate responses.
Small localised stand-alone initiatives are insufficient to address the scale of challenges climate change will bring, however. The causes of vulnerability - such as market or service access, or good governance - also often operate beyond the project level. Larger organisations and national governments have therefore started to implement broader CBA programmes, which provide opportunities to scale up responses and integrate CBA into higher levels of policy and planning.
This book shows that it is possible for CBA to remain centred on local priorities, but not necessarily limited to work implemented at the local level. Some chapters address the issue of mainstreaming CBA into government policy and planning processes or into city or sectoral level plans (e.g. on agriculture). Others look at how gender and children’s issues should be mainstreamed into adaptation planning itself, and others describe how tools can be applied, and finance delivered for effective mainstreaming.
This book was published as a special issue of Climate and Development.
1. Mainstreaming community-based adaptation into national and local planning Hannah Reid and Saleemul Huq
2. Mainstreaming climate change adaptation into development in Bangladesh Jessica Ayers, Saleemul Huq, Helena Wright, Arif M. Faisal and Syed Tanveer Hussain
3. Identifying operational mechanisms for mainstreaming community-based adaptation in Nepal Bimal Raj Regmi and Cassandra Star
4. Farmers, food and climate change: ensuring community-based adaptation is mainstreamed into agricultural programmes Helena Wright, Sonja Vermeulen, Gernot Laganda, Max Olupot, Edidah Ampaire and M.L. Jat
5. Gender-sensitive adaptation policy-making in Bangladesh: status and ways forward for improved mainstreaming Dalia Shabib and Shusmita Khan
6. Power and differential climate change vulnerability among extremely poor people in Northwest Bangladesh: lessons for mainstreaming Cristina Coirolo and Atiq Rahman
7. Moving towards inclusive urban adaptation: approaches to integrating community-based adaptation to climate change at city and national scale Diane Archer, Florencia Almansi, Michael Digregorio, Debra Roberts, Divya Sharma and Denia Syam
8. A review of decision-support models for adaptation to climate change in the context of development John Jacob Nay, Mark Abkowitz, Eric Chu, Daniel Gallagher and Helena Wright
9. Enablers for delivering community-based adaptation at scale Elizabeth Gogoi, Marai Dupar, Lindsey Jones, Claudia Martinez and Lisa McNamara
10. Mainstreaming children’s vulnerabilities and capacities into community-based adaptation to enhance impact Paul Mitchell and Caroline Borchard
11. Knowledge flows in climate change adaptation: exploring friction between scales Claire Stott and Saleemul Huq
12. Up-scaling finance for community-based adaptation Adrian Fenton, Daniel Gallagher, Helena Wright, Saleemul Huq and Charles Nyandiga