1st Edition

Compact Heat Exchangers for Energy Transfer Intensification
Low Grade Heat and Fouling Mitigation




ISBN 9781138748330
Published August 2, 2017 by CRC Press

 
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Book Description

Compact Heat Exchangers for Energy Transfer Intensification: Low-Grade Heat and Fouling Mitigation provides theoretical and experimental background on heat transfer intensification in modern heat exchangers. Emphasizing applications in complex heat recovery systems for the process industries, this book:

  • Covers various issues related to low-grade heat, including waste heat from industry and buildings, storage and transport of thermal energy, and heat transfer equipment requirements
  • Explains the basic principles, terminology, and heat transfer aspects of compactness, as well as the concept of intensified heat area targets at process integration
  • Pays special attention to the mitigation of fouling in heat exchangers and their systems, describing fouling deposition and threshold fouling mechanisms
  • Delivers a thoughtful analysis of the economics of implementation, considering energy–capital trade-off, capital cost estimation, and energy prices
  • Presents illustrative case studies of specific applications in food and chemical production plants

Compact Heat Exchangers for Energy Transfer Intensification: Low-Grade Heat and Fouling Mitigation not only highlights key developments in compact heat exchangers, but also instills a practical knowledge of the latest process integration and heat transfer enhancement methodologies.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction
Acknowledgements
References

Low-Grade Heat: Issues to Be Dealt With
Waste Heat from Industry
Waste Heat from Buildings
Waste to Energy
Renewable Sources of Heat Energy
Heat Pumps to Increase Heat Potential
Storage and Transport of Thermal Energy
Low-Grade Heat to Power
Requirements for Heat Transfer Equipment When Utilizing Low-Grade Heat
References

Compact Heat Exchangers
Main Developments in Compact Heat Exchangers
Basic Principles and Terminology of Compactness
Heat Transfer Aspects of Compactness
Thermal and Hydraulic Performance of Different Heat Transfer Surfaces
Influence on Compactness of Heat Transfer Surface Geometrical Form and Its Scaling Factor
Classification of Recuperative Compact Heat Exchangers
Examples of Industrial Compact Heat Exchangers
References

Heat Transfer Intensification
Intensification of Heat Transfer for Single-Phase Flows Inside Tubes and Channels
Intensification of Heat Transfer for Two-Phase Flows
References

Advanced and Compact Heat Exchangers for the Specified Process Conditions
Influence of Geometrical Parameters on Heat Exchanger Performance
Parameter Plots for the Preliminary Design of Compact Heat Exchangers
The Influence of Plate Corrugations Geometry on Plate Heat Exchanger Performance in Specified Process Conditions
Appendix: Identification of Mathematical Model Parameters for PHE Design
References

Fouling and Heat Transfer Intensity
Effect of Fouling on Heat Exchanger Performance
Forms of Fouling
Fouling Deposition Mechanisms
Fouling Models
Threshold Fouling Mechanism
Pressure Drop Associated with Fouling
Fouling on Enhanced Heat Transfer Surfaces
References

Integration of Intensified Compact Heat Exchangers in a Heat Exchanger Network
Process Integration for Synthesis of Energy-Efficient HEN
Superstructure Approach for Energy-Efficient HEN Design
Hybrid Approach for HEN Design
HEN Design with the Compact and Enhanced Heat Exchangers
Estimation of Enhanced Heat Transfer Area Targets
References

Economical Consideration
Energy–Capital Trade-Off
Capital Cost Estimation
Energy Prices
References

Industrial Examples
Food Industry: Integration of a Heat Pump into the Heat Supply System of a Cheese Production Plant
Chemical Industry: The Use of Intensified Heat Exchangers to Improve Energy Efficiency in Phosphoric Acid Production
Heat Integration of Ammonia Refrigeration Cycle into Buildings’ Heating System
References

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Author(s)

Biography

Jiří Jaromír Klemeš holds a D.Sc from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and Doctor Honoris Causa degrees from the Kharkiv State Polytechnic University, Ukraine; the University of Maribor, Slovenia; and the Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania. Dr Klemeš is a Pólya professor and the Head of the Centre for Process Integration and Intensification—CPI2 at the University of Pannonia, Veszprém in Hungary. He worked previously for 20 years in the Department of Process Integration at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK, and after the merge with The University of Manchester, UK, as Senior Project Officer and Honorary Reader. He also ran research in mathematical modelling and neural network applications at the Chemical Engineering Department, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and has been a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Universiti Technologi Malaysia and Universiti Technologi Petronas in Malaysia, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Tianjin University, Jiaotong Xi’an University and Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology, Maoming in China, University of Maribor in Slovenia, and Brno University of Technology in the Czech Republic. He has unique success record in managing and coordinating research projects funded by the European Community FP2 to 7, UK Know How Fund, NATO High Technology, European Training Foundation, and others. He is an editor of several scientific journals, and has authored and edited numerous books. He founded and has been since the president of the International Conference Process Integration, Mathematical Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution reduction — PRES (www.conferencepres.com), and is Chair of the CAPE Working Party of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering.

Olga P. Arsenyeva is an Associate Professor in the Department of Integrated Technologies, Processes and Apparatuses at the National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute" (NTU KhPI), Ukraine. She graduated from the Kharkiv State Polytechnic University, Ukraine, and worked for the Centre for Energy Saving Process Integration (CESPI) at NTU KhPI, which was founded following the program for British Council Training and Academic Link, where she did her Ph.D under the supervision of Professor Leonid Tovazhnyianskyy. In 2005, she joined Professor Petro Kapustenko in the AO ‘Spivdruzhnist-T’ Engineering Company, Kharkiv, Ukraine. Both CESPI and AO ‘Spivdruzhnist-T’ had close relations with the Department of Process Integration at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK, and the Centre for Process Integration and Intensification—CPI2 at the University of Pannonia, Veszprém, Hungary. In 2014, Professor Arsenyeva was awarded her D.Sc from NTU KhPI.

Petro O. Kapustenko is a Professor and the Deputy Head of the Centre for Energy Saving Process Integration (CESPI) at the National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute" (NTU KhPI), Ukraine, founded with the support of the Department of Process Integration at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK under British Council Know How Link project. He graduated from NTU KhPI, earned his PhD from the D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia in Moscow, and cofounded Spivdruzhnist-T Engineering Company, Kharkiv, Ukraine, eventually becoming its chief executive officer. The company has been involved in a number of projects funded by the European Commission and the World Bank aimed at the renovation of district heating networks and industry using process integration methods. The company implemented advanced energy saving equipment including combined heat and power units, compact heat exchangers, heat pumps, modern district heating substations, and others, mostly in the Ukraine and the Russian Federation. Professor Kapustenko is also member of the Ukrainian Building Construction Academy and Ukraine representative at CAPE Working Party of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering.

Leonid L. Tovazhnyanskyy is a Professor and the Head of the Department of Integrated Technologies, Processes, and Apparatuses at the National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute" (NTU KhPI), Ukraine. He graduated in 1959 from the Kharkiv V.I. Lenin Polytechnic Institute in the former Soviet Union, and in 1966 was awarded a PhD In 1988, he received his DSc from the D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia in Moscow. Since 1995, he has been the director of the Centre for Energy Saving Integrated Processes, and in 2000 he became the rector of the NTU KhPI and served several terms. His research interests are heat and mass transfer processes in channels of complicated geometry, including various types of channels with corrugated walls, for industrial plate heat exchangers, optimisation of heat exchanger networks, and process integration. He has extensive experience in implementation of modern energy saving technologies and Plate Heat Exchangers in chemical and other industries. Professor Tovazhnyanskyy is corresponding member of the Ukrainian National Science Academy.

Reviews

"This text encompasses all the important features associated with the successful design and implementation of many types of compact heat exchangers in a wide variety of potentially demanding and valuable applications—the emphasis on fouling mitigation, uses in heat pumping and power cycles, and process integration gives the book a unique flavour that will ensure its value across a wide readership."
—From the Foreword by Professor David Reay, Founding Editor of Applied Thermal Engineering, David Reay and Associates, Whitley Bay, UK