Compact Models for Integrated Circuit Design (Open Access): Conventional Transistors and Beyond, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Compact Models for Integrated Circuit Design (Open Access)

Conventional Transistors and Beyond, 1st Edition

By Samar K. Saha

CRC Press

545 pages | 203 B/W Illus.

Book Content Available Open Access*
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*Open Access content has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) license

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Description

Compact Models for Integrated Circuit Design: Conventional Transistors and Beyond provides a modern treatise on compact models for circuit computer-aided design (CAD). Written by an author with more than 25 years of industry experience in semiconductor processes, devices, and circuit CAD, and more than 10 years of academic experience in teaching compact modeling courses, this first-of-its-kind book on compact SPICE models for very-large-scale-integrated (VLSI) chip design offers a balanced presentation of compact modeling crucial for addressing current modeling challenges and understanding new models for emerging devices.

Starting from basic semiconductor physics and covering state-of-the-art device regimes from conventional micron to nanometer, this text:

  • Presents industry standard models for bipolar-junction transistors (BJTs), metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) field-effect-transistors (FETs), FinFETs, and tunnel field-effect transistors (TFETs), along with statistical MOS models
  • Discusses the major issue of process variability, which severely impacts device and circuit performance in advanced technologies and requires statistical compact models
  • Promotes further research of the evolution and development of compact models for VLSI circuit design and analysis
  • Supplies fundamental and practical knowledge necessary for efficient integrated circuit (IC) design using nanoscale devices
  • Includes exercise problems at the end of each chapter and extensive references at the end of the book

Compact Models for Integrated Circuit Design: Conventional Transistors and Beyond is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in electrical and electronics engineering as well as for researchers and practitioners working in the area of electron devices. However, even those unfamiliar with semiconductor physics gain a solid grasp of compact modeling concepts from this book.

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://doi.org/10.1201/b19117, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Reviews

"A comprehensive book deeply rooted into the physics foundation of the devices being modeled… It convinces the reader, providing confidence in the inherently quite complex equations involved in compact modeling. Moreover, the inclusion of a chapter on process variability in miniaturized devices gives the entire book a deep sense of realism."

—Constantin Bulucea, IEEE Journal of Electron Devices Society (J-EDS)

"A comprehensive compendium on generic MOSFET compact modeling for both students and practitioners in electronic circuit design. … This text book provides a valueable insight of generic MOSFET compact modeling and is, thus, well suited for students in electronics engineering."

—Prof. Dr. Joachim Burghartz, Institute for Microelectronics Stuttgart (IMS CHIPS)

"This is an excellent book written in lucid language and covers almost all the topics related to modeling of MOS system both electrostatics and transport. It is useful for both beginners and experts in the field of compact modeling. Chapter 8 on statistical variability and chapter 12 on library will be definitely useful as these chapters are not covered in other books."

—Yogesh Singh Chauhan, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur

"The writing style of the author is very visual and transforms the material from sequential mathematical derivations into a usable mental image through precise descriptions of the device physics and model limitations."

—Bill Nehrer, PDF Solutions

"…is extremely timely and something the community has been waiting for.

This book is well written, with an in depth explanation of basic concepts as well as advanced topics. This would serve not only as an introductory text book on modeling for students but also as a good refresher book for experts working in the field. Personally, this is the book I have been waiting for, and would order one right away."

—V.Ramgopal Rao, P.K.Kelkar Chair Professor, IIT Bombay, India

Table of Contents

Introduction to Compact Models

Compact Models for Circuit Simulation

Brief History of Compact Device Modeling

Motivation for Compact Modeling

Compact Model Usage

Compact Model Standardization

Summary

Exercises

Review of Basic Device Physics

Introduction

Semiconductor Physics

Theory of n-Type and p-Type Semiconductors in Contact

Summary

Exercises

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor System

Introduction

MOS Capacitor at Equilibrium

MOS Capacitor under Applied Bias

MOS Capacitor Theory

Capacitance of MOS Structure

Summary

Exercises

Large Geometry MOSFET Compact Models

Introduction

Overview of MOSFET Devices

MOSFET Threshold Voltage Model

MOSFET Drain Current Model

Summary

Exercises

Compact Models for Small Geometry MOSFETs

Introduction

Threshold Voltage Model

Drain Current Model

Substrate Current Model

Summary

Exercises

MOSFET Capacitance Models

Introduction

Basic MOSFET Capacitance Model

Charge-Based Capacitance Model

Gate Overlap Capacitance Model

Limitations of the Quasistatic Model

S/D pn-Junction Capacitance Model

Summary

Exercises

Compact MOSFET Models for RF Applications

Introduction

MOSFET Noise Models

NQS Effect

Modeling Parasitic Elements for RF Applications

Summary

Exercises

Modeling Process Variability in Scaled MOSFETs

Introduction

Sources of Front-End Process Variability

Characterization of Parametric Variability in MOSFETs

Conventional Process Variability Modeling for Circuit CAD

Statistical Compact Modeling

Mitigation of the Risk of Process Variability in VLSI Circuit Performance

Summary

Exercises

Compact Models for Ultrathin Body FETs

Introduction

Multigate Device Structures

Common Multiple-Gate FinFET Model

Independent Multiple-Gate FET Model

Dynamic Model

Summary

Exercises

Beyond-CMOS Transistor Models: Tunnel FETs

Introduction

Basic Features of TFETs

Basic Theory of TFET Operation

TFET Design Considerations

Compact TFET Models

Summary

Exercises

Bipolar Junction Transistor Compact Models

Introduction

Basic Features of BJTs

Basic Operation of BJTs

Mode of Operations of BJTs

Compact BJT Model

Summary

Exercises

Compact Model Library for Circuit Simulation

Introduction

General Approach to Generate Compact Device Model

Model Usage

Summary

Sample Model Cards

About the Author

Samar K. Saha holds a Ph.D from Gauhati University, and an M.S.EM from Stanford University. He is currently adjunct professor at Santa Clara University, technical advisor at Ultrasolar Technology, distinguished lecturer and 2016–2017 president of the IEEE Electron Devices Society, and fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology. He previously worked for National Semiconductor, LSI Logic, Texas Instruments, Philips Semiconductors, Silicon Storage Technology, Synopsys, DSM Solutions, Silterra USA, and SuVolta, and served as a faculty member at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Auburn University, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, and the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC008010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / Circuits / General
TEC008070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / Microelectronics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science