Today the practice of urban design has forged a distinctive identity with applications at many different scales – ranging from the block or street scale to the scale of metropolitan and regional landscapes. Urban design interfaces many aspects of contemporary public policy – multiculturalism, healthy cities, environmental justice, economic development, climate change, energy conservations, protection of natural environments, sustainable development, community liveability, and the like. The field now comprises a core body of knowledge that enfolds a right history of ideas, paradigms, principles, tools, research and applications, enriched by electric influences from the humanities, and social and natural sciences.
Companion to Urban Design includes more than fifty original contributions from internationally recognized authorities in the field. These contributions address the following questions: What are the important ideas that have shaped the field and the current practice of urban design? What are the major methods and processes that have influenced the practice of urban design at various scales? What are the current innovations relevant to the pedagogy of urban design? What are the lingering debates, conflicts ad contradictions in the theory and practice of urban design? How could urban design respond to the contemporary challenges of climate change, sustainability, active living initiatives, globalization, and the like? What are the significant disciplinary influences on the theory, research and practice of urban design in recent times?
There has never before been a more authoritative and comprehensive companion that includes core, foundational and pioneering ideas and concepts of urban design. This book serves as an invaluable guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students, future professionals, and practitioners interested in architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning, but also in urban studies, urban affairs, geography, and related fields.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part I: Roots Introduction Chapter 1. From CIAM to CNU: The Roots and Thinkers of Modern Urban Design Eugenie Birch Chapter 2. The Open and the Enclosed: Shifting Paradigms in Modern Urban Design Robert Fishman Chapter 3. Pedagogical Traditions Danilo Palazzo Part 2 Theoretical Perspectives Introduction Chapter 4. Urban Design: An Incompletely Theorized Project Niraj Verma Chapter 5. The Two Orders of Cybernetics in Urban Form and Design M. Christine Boyer 6. Urban Design and Spatial Political Economy Alexander Cuthbert Chapter 7. Critical Urbanism: Space, Design, Revolution Kanishka Goonewardena Part 3 Influences Introduction Chapter 8. Urban Design and the Traditions of Geography Larry R. Ford Chapter 9. Influences of Sociology on Urban Design William Michelson Chapter 10. Influences of Anthropology on Urban Design Denise Lawrence-Zuñiga Chapter 11. Feminist Approaches to Urban Design Kristen Day Chapter 12. Environmental Psychology and Urban Design Jack L. Nasar Chapter 13. The Law of Urban Design Jerold Kayden Chapter 14. Political Theory and Urban Design Margaret Kohn Chapter 15. Interactions between Public Health and Urban Design Marlon G. Boarnet and Lois M. Takahashi Chapter 16. Urban Design and the Cinematic Arts Rafael E. Pizarro Part 4 Technologies and Methods Introduction Chapter 17. Design Studios Kathryn H. Anthony Chapter 18. Media Tools for Urban Design Martin Krieger Chapter 19. Visualizing Change: Simulations as a Decision Making Tool Peter Bosselmann Chapter 20. City Design in the Age of Digital Ubiquity Eran Ben-Joseph Part 5 Process Introduction Chapter 21. Customs, Norms, Rules, Regulations and Standards in Design Practice William C. Baer Chapter 22. Decoding Design Guidance Matthew Carmona 23. Urban Design Competitions Ute Lehrer Chapter 24. The Design Charrette Douglas Kelbaugh Chapter 25. Citizen Design: Participation and Beyond Jeffrey Hou Part 6 Components Introduction Chapter 26. Downtown Urban Design Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris and Tridib Banerjee Chapter 27. Suburbs: Rus in Urbe, the Picturesque, and Selfhood John Archer Chapter 28. Planned Communities and New Towns Ann Forsyth Chapter 29. Neighborhood Spaces: Design Innovations and Social Themes Ajay Garde Chapter 30. Spaces of Consumption Klaus Kunzmann Chapter 31. Cultural Institutions: The Role of Urban Design Carl Grodach Chapter 32. Streets and the Public Realm: Emerging Designs Elizabeth MacDonald Chapter 33. Mixed-Life Places Mark Francis Chapter 34. Urban Flux Gary Hack Part 7 Debates Introduction Chapter 35. Compactness vs. Sprawl Reid Ewing, Keith Bartholomew, and Arthur C. Nelson Chapter 36. Living Together or Apart: Exclusion, Gentrification, and Displacement Ali Madanipour Chapter 37. Place, Identity and the Global City Michael Southworth and Deni Ruggeri Chapter 38. Old vs. New Urbanism Ivonne Audirac Chapter 39. Form-Based Codes vs. Conventional Zoning Emily Talen Part 8 Global Trends Introduction Chapter 40. City Branding Jon Lang Chapter 41. From Metropolitan to Regional Urbanization Edward Soja Chapter 42. Ethnoscapes Clara Irazabal Chapter 43. Urban Design for a Planet of Informal Cities Vinit Mukhija Part 9 New Directions Introduction Chapter 44. Postmodern and Integral Urbanism Nan Ellin Chapter 45. Ecological Urbanism Ann Spirn Chapter 46. Metropolitan Form and Landscape Urbanism Brenda Scheer Chapter 47. Intertwist and Intertwine: Sustainability, Meet Urban Design Randolph T. Hester and Marcia J. McNally Chapter 48. Smart Growth: A Critical Review of the State of the Art Aseem Inam Chapter 49. Notes on Transit Oriented Development Stefanos Polyzoides Chapter 50. Placemaking in Urban Design Kathy Madden Chapter 51. Secure Cities Carolyn Whitzman Chapter 52. Design for Resilient Cities: Reflections from a Studio Mahyar Arefi Epilogue
Tridib Banerjee holds the James Irvine Chair in Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Southern California School of Policy, Planning and Development. His research focuses on the design and planning of the built environment and the related human and social consequences. In particular, he is interested in the political economy of urban development, and the effects of globalization in the transformation of urban form and urbanism from a comparative international perspective.
Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris is Professor of Urban Design at the University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Urban Planning. Her research focuses on the public environment of the city, its design, social meaning, and impact on urban residents. In particular, her work is characterized by a "user focus" in that she seeks to analyze and understand the built environment from the perspective of those who live and work there.
"The Companion to Urban Design provides far more than a single companion with a unitary perspective. Rather, it places the reader at the centre of an entire social network of deeply reflective commentators, each of whom invites us to debate and define the contours of the field. For students, faculty, and practitioners alike this volume pushes out at those boundaries and demonstrates how urban design has become integral to what it means to inhabit city-regions thoughtfully." Lawrence Vale, Ford Professor of Urban Design and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA.
"This companion with carefully selected original contributions will serve the Built Environment and cognate fields extremely well. The current knowledge and debate in Urban Design is clearly presented making an invaluable as well as very accessible contribution. It will enhance our understanding of the current issues and approaches in Urban Design to make our environments liveable and enjoyable by respecting the needs of different communities and interest groups today as well as the future inhabitants of our planet." Professor Taner OC, Editor of The Journal of Urban Design (Routledge), School of the Built Environment, Nottingham University, UK.
"As editors of the Companion to Urban Design, Tridib Banerjee and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris have compiled an enormously helpful collection of over 50 original essays to provide a highly readable and representative overview of theoretical frameworks, key issues, and connective discussions across the disciplinary perspectives that shape the field of urban design. Organized into nine parts, the book offers cogently connected essays by thought leaders in many disciplines, including notable authors Christine Boyer, Robert Fishman, Gary Hack, Jerold Kayden, Edward Soja, Anne Whiston Spirn, and many others." Anthony M. Sease, Journal of Regional Science