Companion to the History of Modern Science  book cover
1st Edition

Companion to the History of Modern Science

ISBN 9780415145787
Published August 11, 1996 by Routledge
1108 Pages

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Book Description

The 67 chapters of this book describe and analyse the development of Western science from 1500 to the present day. Divided into two major sections - 'The Study of the History of Science' and 'Selected Writings in the History of Science' - the volume describes the methods and problems of research in the field and then applies these techniques to a wide range of fields.
Areas covered include:
* the Copernican Revolution
* Genetics
* Science and Imperialism
* the History of Anthropology
* Science and Religion
* Magic and Science.
The companion is an indispensable resource for students and professionals in History, Philosophy, Sociology and the Sciences as well as the History of Science. It will also appeal to the general reader interested in an introduction to the subject.

Table of Contents

Preface -- Introduction -- The Editors -- PART I: THE STUDY OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE -- Section IA: History of science in relation to neighbouring disciplines -- 1. The development of the historiography of science /J. R. R. Christie -- 2. The history of science and the working scientist /John R. G. Turner -- 3. The history of science and the history of society /Roy Porter -- 4. The history of science and the philosophy of science /Larry Laudan -- 5. Sociological theories of scientific knowledge /Barry Barnes -- Section IB: Analytical perspectives -- 6. Marxism and the history of science /Robert M. Young -- 7. The sociology of the scientific community /Trevor Pinch -- 8. Feminism and the history of science /J. R. R. Christie -- 9. Language, discourse and science /J. V Golinski -- Section IC: Philosophical problems -- 10. Continental philosophy and the history of science /Gary Gutting -- 11. Discovery /T. Nickles -- 12. Rationality, science and history /Larry Briskman -- 13. Realism /W. H. Newton-Smith -- PART II: SELECTED WRITINGS IN THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE -- Section IIA: Turning points -- 14. The Copemican revolution /J. R. Ravetz -- 15. The Scientific Revolution /John A. Schuster -- 16. Newton and natural philosophy /Alan Gabbey -- 17. The chemical revolution Carleton /E. Perrin -- 18. Laplacian physics /Robert Fox -- 19. Natural history, 1670-1802 /Phillip R. Sloan -- 20. The history of geology, 1780-1840 /Rachel Laudan -- 21. Energy /Crosbie Smith -- 22. Electromagnetic theory in the nineteenth century /M. Norton Wise -- 23. Cell theory and development /Jane Maienschein -- 24. Origins and species before and after Darwin /M.J.S.Hodge -- 25. William Wundt and the emergence of experimental psychology /K. Danziger -- 26. Behaviourism /Roger Smith -- 27. Freud and psychoanalysis /Raymond E. Fancher -- 28. The theory of relativity /John Stachel -- 29- Quantum theory /Michael Redhead -- 30. Classical economics and the Keynesian revolution /Bill Gerrard -- 3i- From physiology to biochemistry /Neil Morgan -- 32- The molecular revolution in biology /Robert Olby -- 33- The emergence of genetics /Robert Olby -- 34- Cybernetics and information technology /Michael S. Mahoney -- Section IIB: Topics and interpretations -- 35- Aristotelian science /A. George Molland -- 36. The heart and blood from Vesalius to Harvey /Andrew Wear -- 37- Magic and science in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries /John Henry -- 38. Atomism and the mechanical philosophy /Martin Tamny -- 39- Newtonianism /Simon Schaffer -- 40. Physical optics /G. N. Cantor -- 4i- Cosmology: Newton to Einstein /Pierre Kerszberg -- 42. Geometry and space /J.J. Gray -- 43- Particle science /Helge Kragh -- 44- The foundations of mathematics /Philip Kitcher -- 45- Probability and determinism, 1650-1900 /Ian Hacking -- 46. The mind-body problem /Robert M. Young -- 47- Paradigmatic traditions in the history of anthropology /George W. Stocking -- -- 48. Physiology and experimental medicine /John V Picks tone -- 49. Geography /David N. Livingstone -- Section IIC: Themes -- 50. Science and religion /John Hedley Brooke -- 51. Science and literature /Gillian Beer -- 52. Science and philosophy /George Macdonald Ross -- 53. The development of philosophy of science, 1600-1900 /Eman McMullin -- 54. The development of philosophy of science since 1900 /M. J. S. Hodge and G. N. Cantor -- 55. The classification of the sciences /Nicholas Fisher -- 56. Marginal science /Seymour H. Mauskopf -- 57. Science, alienation and oppression /Robert M. Young -- 58. Orthodoxies, critiques and alternatives /J. R. Ravetz -- 59. Nationalism and internationalism /Brigitte Schroeder-Gudehus -- 60. Science and imperialism /Lewis Pyenson -- 61. Science and war /D. E. M. Edgerton -- 62. Science education /W. H. Brock -- 63. The organisation of science and its pursuit in early modem Europe /Roger L. Emerson -- 64. Professionalisation /J. B. Morrell -- 65. Science and the public /Steven Shapin -- 66. Science and political ideology, 1790-1848 /Dorinda Outram -- 67. Natural science and social theory /Theodore M. Porter -- The Contributors -- Index of names -- Index of subjects.

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Robert Olby, Geoffrey Cantor, John Christie, and Jonathon Hodge are all in the Division of the History of Science at the University of Leeds.