Comparative Cardiovascular Dynamics of Mammals: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Comparative Cardiovascular Dynamics of Mammals

1st Edition

By John K-J Li

CRC Press

176 pages

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Hardback: 9780849301698
pub: 1995-12-05
$335.00
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Description

Comparative Cardiovascular Dynamics of Mammals offers never-before-published data on the structure and function of the circulatory systems of the different mammalian species. This text explores classic allometry, dimensional analysis, and modern hemodynamics to establish similarity principles that provide a necessary and important step in understanding the natural common design and functional features of the cardiovascular systems of different mammals.

Fluid and blood vessel mechanics, pulse transmission characteristics, cardiac energetics and mechanics, as well as heart-arterial system interaction are included in this essential reference. The sensitivity of parameters and similarity of principles in the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases are also addressed. This book also describes the natural processes involved in the functional development of the mammalian cardiovascular system.

By using modern methods to present recent findings on the similarities and differences of the mammalian cardiovascular system, the author provides an easily understood approach to this dynamic field of study.

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Mammalian Species

The Cardiovascular System

Function of the Circulation

Book Content

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of the Circulation

The Heart

Arteries

The Veins

The Microvasculature

Comparative Analysis With Allometry

Modeling Principles and Comparison Across Species

Allometric Equation and Definitions

Growth and Differential Growth

The Importance of Body Size and Organ Size

Circulatory Allometry

Introduction of Allometry to Hemodynamics

Dimensional Analysis for Identifying Circulatory Similarities

Basic Mathematical Tools

Dimensional Analysis and the Pi-Theorem

Methods for Establishing Similarity Principles

Illustrative Examples

Cardiac Mechanics

Cardiac Muscle Mechanics

Starling's Law Applied to the Mammalian Heart

SImilar Ejection Fraction and Contractility of the Heart

The Pressure-Volume Curve

Arterial System Function

Rheological Properties of Mammalian Arteries

Pressure and Flow Relationship: The Windkessel and Vascular Input Impedance

Pulse Propagation Wavelength and System Length

Pulse Wave Reflections

Pulsatile Power Generation and Energy Dissipation

Similarity Analysis of the Cardiovascular Function

Laminar and Turbulent Flow in Mammalian Arteries

Blood Pressure and Flow Waveforms

Laplace's Law

The Heart Rate

Energetics and Efficiency of the Mammalian Heart

Arterioles, Venules, Capillaries, and the Red Blood Cells

Myocardial Oxygen Consumption, Blood Flow, and Metabolic Turn-Over Rate

Closed-Loop Analysis of the Circulation

Fundamentals of Biological Controls

Allometry in Cardiovascular Control

Heart-Arterial System Interaction

Differentiating the Normal and the Diseased Cardiovascular System

Optimality and Similarity

External Work, Optimal Power, and Efficiency

Geometry and Elasticity: Low Loss Aorta and Branching Characteristics, Minimum Shear

Minimum Local Reflections and Area Ratio

The Natural Design Characteristics

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED010000
MEDICAL / Cardiology
MED089000
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / General
MED106000
MEDICAL / Research