1st Edition

Comparative Cardiovascular Dynamics of Mammals

By John K-J Li Copyright 1995
    168 Pages
    by CRC Press

    Comparative Cardiovascular Dynamics of Mammals offers never-before-published data on the structure and function of the circulatory systems of the different mammalian species. This text explores classic allometry, dimensional analysis, and modern hemodynamics to establish similarity principles that provide a necessary and important step in understanding the natural common design and functional features of the cardiovascular systems of different mammals.
    Fluid and blood vessel mechanics, pulse transmission characteristics, cardiac energetics and mechanics, as well as heart-arterial system interaction are included in this essential reference. The sensitivity of parameters and similarity of principles in the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases are also addressed. This book also describes the natural processes involved in the functional development of the mammalian cardiovascular system.
    By using modern methods to present recent findings on the similarities and differences of the mammalian cardiovascular system, the author provides an easily understood approach to this dynamic field of study.

    The Mammalian Species
    The Cardiovascular System
    Function of the Circulation
    Book Content
    Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of the Circulation
    The Heart
    The Veins
    The Microvasculature
    Comparative Analysis With Allometry
    Modeling Principles and Comparison Across Species
    Allometric Equation and Definitions
    Growth and Differential Growth
    The Importance of Body Size and Organ Size
    Circulatory Allometry
    Introduction of Allometry to Hemodynamics
    Dimensional Analysis for Identifying Circulatory Similarities
    Basic Mathematical Tools
    Dimensional Analysis and the Pi-Theorem
    Methods for Establishing Similarity Principles
    Illustrative Examples
    Cardiac Mechanics
    Cardiac Muscle Mechanics
    Starling's Law Applied to the Mammalian Heart
    SImilar Ejection Fraction and Contractility of the Heart
    The Pressure-Volume Curve
    Arterial System Function
    Rheological Properties of Mammalian Arteries
    Pressure and Flow Relationship: The Windkessel and Vascular Input Impedance
    Pulse Propagation Wavelength and System Length
    Pulse Wave Reflections
    Pulsatile Power Generation and Energy Dissipation
    Similarity Analysis of the Cardiovascular Function
    Laminar and Turbulent Flow in Mammalian Arteries
    Blood Pressure and Flow Waveforms
    Laplace's Law
    The Heart Rate
    Energetics and Efficiency of the Mammalian Heart
    Arterioles, Venules, Capillaries, and the Red Blood Cells
    Myocardial Oxygen Consumption, Blood Flow, and Metabolic Turn-Over Rate
    Closed-Loop Analysis of the Circulation
    Fundamentals of Biological Controls
    Allometry in Cardiovascular Control
    Heart-Arterial System Interaction
    Differentiating the Normal and the Diseased Cardiovascular System
    Optimality and Similarity
    External Work, Optimal Power, and Efficiency
    Geometry and Elasticity: Low Loss Aorta and Branching Characteristics, Minimum Shear
    Minimum Local Reflections and Area Ratio
    The Natural Design Characteristics


    John K-J Li