3rd Edition

Comparative International Management

    498 Pages 21 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    498 Pages 21 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Comparative International Management is a classic textbook for International Business that teaches the core concepts of International Business through a systematic comparison of management practice in countries across the world. This approach, unique to textbooks in the field, highlights cultural and behavioural themes, demonstrates the diversity of practice in global business, and allows for an exploration of globalization. Fully revised and updated, this third edition has been restructured for clarity and ease of use, with new sections covering theoretical underpinnings so that they are easy to understand.

    Also new to this edition:

    • Coverage of emerging and contemporary issues including environment and sustainability issues; international SMEs and entrepreneurship; technology, AI, and automation; and the future of work post-pandemic
    • Practical application sections to help readers connect theory with practice
    • More coverage of government and non-profit organizations
    • Reflective and problem-solving questions at the end of each chapter

    With student- and instructor-friendly online resources such as chapter summaries, mini-case scenarios, larger case studies, and PowerPoint slides, this book is essential core reading for advanced level and postgraduate students in International Business and International Management.


    List of figures

    List of tables


    About the authors

    General introduction

    1 The approaches in comparative international management

    2 National cultures and management – the etic approach

    3 National cultures and management – the emic approach

    4 Institutional diversity and management

    5 Combining approaches

    6 Corporate governance

    7 Operations management

    8 Human resource management and employment relations

    9 National innovation systems

    10 Multinational corporations: structural, cultural and strategic issues

    11 Globalization: interdependencies, harmonization and societal specificity



    Arndt Sorge was François Sellier Professor of International Management, University of Groningen, and Director at the Science Centre Berlin for Social Research, 2006–11. He is also an Honorary Professor at the University of Potsdam. His work involved international comparisons of work, organization, human resources and technology, in the Netherlands, Germany, Britain, and France.

    Niels Noorderhaven is Professor emeritus of International Management at Tilburg University, and visiting professor at the University of Antwerp, LUISS University Rome, and Zhejiang University in China. His work focuses on issues of international interactions between firms, including alliances, joint ventures, and mergers and acquisitions.

    Carla Koen is Professor of Technology Management and Entrepreneurship at TIAS School for Business and Society, Tilburg, Netherlands. She is a member of the Sounding Board Value Creation and Earning Power of the TKI Agri and Food, the Netherlands. Her work focuses on the intersection of sustainability and innovation.

    This fresh edition of a classic is very welcome. I have used this book in my postgraduate teaching for many years. It offers deep theoretical insights in, and empirical evidence for, how culture and institutions are interlinked with the spread of ‘best global practices’, and why diversity persists in managing and organizing people across societal borders.

    Mike Geppert

    Professor of Strategic and International Management

    Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany



    The study of the multinational enterprise is an enormous field of study that has developed over the last half century and more. Summarizing and distilling this vast body of work into a single volume is no easy task. However, Noorderhaven, Koen, and Sorge have risen to the challenge and produced a magnificent overview of the field. It is broad in its coverage, touching on virtually every important research advance and pursuing the practical implications for practitioners. It is also deep, in that it summarizes decades of academic debate and discourse into a few pithy pages. I highly recommend this work to the student of both international management and international business.

    Ram Mudambi

    Frank M. Speakman Professor of Strategy

    Fox School of Business, Temple University, USA



    The third edition of this leading textbook on comparative international management has been thoroughly updated to take account of new research and changes in the international business environment. There is also a very useful new chapter integrating the different approaches considered in the book, an expanded section on changes in East Asia, particularly China, and a brief analysis of the business systems across Asia. It will be particularly useful for students on advanced undergraduate programmes and postgraduate courses, as well as scholars new to the area.

    Richard Whitley

    Professor emeritus of Organizational Sociology

    Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, UK