This book offers an analysis of journalists’ professional views against a variety of political, economic, social, cultural and linguistic contexts.
Based on data gathered for the Worlds of Journalism Study, which conducted surveys with more than 27,000 journalists in 67 countries, the authors explore aspects such as linguistic and religious influences on journalists’ identities, journalists’ views of development journalism, epistemic issues, as well as the relationship between journalism and democracy. Further, the book provides a history of the evolution of the Worlds of Journalism Study, as well as the challenges of conducting such comparative work across a wide range of contexts. A critical review by renowned comparative studies scholar Jay Blumler offers food for thought for future endeavours.
This unprecedented collaborative effort will be essential reading for scholars and students of journalism who are interested in comparative approaches to journalism studies and who want to explore the wide variety of journalism cultures that exist around the globe. It was originally published as a special issue of Journalism Studies.
Introduction – Comparing Journalistic Cultures Across Nations: What we can learn from the Worlds of Journalism Study
Folker Hanusch and Thomas Hanitzsch
1. Quelle Différence? Language, culture and nationality as influences on francophone journalists’ identity
Geneviève Bonin, Filip Dingerkus, Annik Dubied, Stefan Mertens, Heather Rollwagen, Vittoria Sacco, Ivor Shapiro, Olivier Standaert and Vinzenz Wyss
2. Journalism and Islamic Worldview: Journalistic roles in Muslim-majority countries
Nurhaya Muchtar, Basyouni Ibrahim Hamada, Thomas Hanitzsch, with Ashraf Galal, Masduki and Mohammad Sahid Ullah
3. Journalists’ Development Journalism Role Perceptions: Select countries in Southeast Asia, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa
Yusuf Kalyango Jr., Folker Hanusch, Jyotika Ramaprasad, Terje Skjerdal, Mohd Safar Hasim, Nurhaya Muchtar, Mohammad Sahid Ullah, Levi Zeleza Manda and Sarah Bomkapre Kamara
4. A Welfare State of Mind? Nordic journalists’ conception of their role and autonomy in international context
Laura Ahva, Arjen van Dalen, Jan Fredrik Hovden, Guðbjörg Hildur Kolbeins, Monica Löfgren Nilsson, Morten Skovsgaard and Jari Väliverronen
5. New Roles For Media in the Western Balkans: A study of transitional journalism
Kenneth Andresen, Abit Hoxha and Jonila Godole
6. In Media We Trust: Journalists and institutional trust perceptions in post-authoritarian and post-totalitarian countries
Alice N. Tejkalová, Arnold S de Beer, Rosa Berganza, Yusuf Kalyango Jr., Adriana Amado, Liga Ozolina, Filip Láb, Rawshon Akhter, Sonia Virginia Moreira and Masduki
7. Expanding Influences Research to Insecure Democracies: How violence, public insecurity, economic inequality and uneven democratic performance shape journalists’ perceived work environments
Sallie Hughes, Claudia Mellado, Jesús Arroyave, José Luis Benitez, Arnold de Beer, Miguel Garcés, Katharina Lang and Mireya Márquez-Ramírez
8. News Cultures or "Epistemic Cultures"? Theoretical considerations and empirical data from 62 countries
Yigal Godler and Zvi Reich
9. Epilogue for a Comparative Leap Forward
Jay G. Blumler