Computation for Humanity : Information Technology to Advance Society book cover
1st Edition

Computation for Humanity
Information Technology to Advance Society

ISBN 9781439883273
Published October 7, 2013 by CRC Press
520 Pages 103 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The exponential progress and accessibility of computing has vastly increased data flows and revolutionized the practice of science, engineering, and communication. Computing plays a critical role in advancing research across almost every scientific discipline.

Computation for Humanity: Information Technology to Advance Society is a guide for the creation of services, products, and tools that facilitate, support, and enhance progress of humanity toward more sustainable life. This book:

  • Provides a deep understanding of the practical applications of computation to solve human-machine problems
  • Delivers insight into theoretical approaches in an accessible manner
  • Provides a comprehensive overview of computational science and engineering applications in selected disciplines
  • Crosses the boundaries between different domains and shows how they interrelate and complement one another
  • Focuses on grand challenges and issues that matter for the future of humanity
  • Shows different perspectives of computational thinking, understanding, and reasoning
  • Provides a basis for scientific discoveries and enables adopting scientific theories and engineering practices from other disciplines
  • Takes a step back to provide a human-related abstraction level that is not ultimately seen in pure technological elaborations/collections

The editors provide a collection of numerous computation-related projects that form a foundation from which to cross-pollinate between different disciplines and further extensive collaboration. They present a clear and profound understanding of computing in today's world, and provide fundamental solutions to some of the most pertinent humanity-related problems.

Table of Contents

Context and Intent
Justyna Zander and Pieter J. Mosterman
Computation Taxonomy: Capabilities and Challenges
Justyna Zander and Pieter J. Mosterman

Computing for a Sustainable Society
Sustainability through Computation
Azam Khan and Kasper Hornbæk
Computer as a Tool for Creative Adaptation: Biologically Inspired Simulation for Architecture and Urban Design
Taro Narahara
Advanced Structural Health Monitoring Based on Multiagent Technology
Kay Smarsly and Kincho H. Law
ICT for Smart Cities: Innovative Solutions in the Public Space
Ina Schieferdecker and Walter Mattauch

Computational Discovery and Ingenuity
Domain Science & Engineering: A Foundation for Computation for Humanity
Dines Bjørner
Human–Robot Interaction
Alexandra Kirsch
Multimedia Retrieval and Adaptive Systems
Frank Hopfgartner
Accelerated Acquisition, Visualization, and Analysis of Zoo-Anatomical Data
Alexander Ziegler and Björn H. Menze
Quantum Frontier
Joseph F. Fitzsimons, Eleanor G. Rieffel, and Valerio Scarani
DYVERSE: From Formal Verification to Biologically Inspired Real-Time Self-Organizing Systems
Eva M. Navarro-López
Computing for Models of the World
Steve Johnson

Citizen and Artisan Computing
Ad-Opera: Music-Inspired Self-Adaptive Systems
Paola Inverardi, Patrizio Pelliccione, Michelangelo Lupone, and Alessio Gabriele
Fuzzy Methods and Models for a Team-Building Process
Irena Bach-Dąbrowska
Opportunities and Challenges in Data Journalism
Susan McGregor and Alon Halevy
Visualizing Emancipation: Mapping the End of Slavery in the American Civil War
Scott Nesbit
Synergistic Sharing of Data and Tools to Enable Team Science
Ross Mounce and Daniel Janies

Visionary Pondering and Outlook on Computation for Humanity
Evolution of the Techno-Human
Jim Pinto
Computation in Human Context: Personal Dataspace as Informational Construct
Thomas Boettcher

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The book will be useful as a research and reference guide to scientists, engineers, and professionals from different domains in the process of investigating important questions about the observed world with the help of computational methodologies. A direct contribution of the book are the several examples that can be adapted or replicated to problems that a human being encounters in the course of daily activities.
—Pawel Skruch, AGH University of Science and Technology, Department of Automatics and Biomedical Engineering

"Three decades ago, IT moved out of the machine room and into the home. Now it is moving into the whole world, as the cloud and the net become united with new technologies that permit computation to sense and act within the world and among social groups. The editors and authors of this book perceive that the bursting of computational technologies into the world will result in fundamental change in the relations within social groups, the practice of the arts, professions and sciences, and the ways in which society manages its practical operations such as maintaining the health of its citizens, designing its infrastructure, and operating its political processes.

In order to support such a wide-ranging hypothesis, equally wide ranging evidence must be martialed. The contributors to this volume have done an admirable job, at that task providing case studies in fields ranging from history to zoology, from city planning to knowledge discovery.
—Lee Barford, Agilent Measurement Research Laboratory, Reno, Nevada and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada

"This is an insightful book that will fascinate and inspire all those interested in the technological progress of various disciplines and its role in society and everyday life. By presenting the most recent solutions and the achievements of computing and engineering in various applications, ranging from arts to sciences and engineering, the book not only consists a proof of the presence of computing in every aspect of our everyday life but it also highlights the human aspect and social sustainability as the ultimate goal of the computation-related advances."
—Virginia Papailiopoulou, Software Engineer

"This book is a good and fresh read. It covers a various current topics related to the influence of information technology to the advancement of the society. While it covers technical topics, the language used in this book is quite light, that it is readable not only to specialist but also non-specialist. This way, it will reach a wider target of readers and hence also function as good source of information to non-specialists who are interested in the topics covered in this book."
—Dina Shona Laila, University of Southampton