Computational Transport Phenomena for Engineering Analyses: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Computational Transport Phenomena for Engineering Analyses

1st Edition

By Richard C. Farmer, Ralph W. Pike, Gary C. Cheng, Yen-Sen Chen

CRC Press

546 pages | 14 Color Illus. | 57 B/W Illus.

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Description

Although computer technology has dramatically improved the analysis of complex transport phenomena, the methodology has yet to be effectively integrated into engineering curricula. The huge volume of literature associated with the wide variety of transport processes cannot be appreciated or mastered without using innovative tools to allow comprehension and study of these processes. Connecting basic principles with numerical methodology for solving the conservations laws, Computational Transport Phenomena for Engineering Analyses presents the topic in terms of modern engineering analysis. The book includes a production quality computer source code for expediting and illustrating analyses of mass, momentum, and energy transport.

The text covers transport phenomena with examples that extend from basic empirical analyses to complete numerical analyses. It includes a computational transport phenomena (CTP) code written in Fortran and developed and owned by the authors. The code does not require a lease and can run on a PC or a supercomputer. The authors also supply the source code, allowing users to modify the code to serve their particular needs, once they are familiar with the code. Using the CTP code, grid generation and solution procedures are described and visual solution presentations are illustrated thus offering extensive coverage of the methodology for a wide range of applications.

The authors illustrate and emphasize that the very general solutions afforded by solving the unsteady, multidimensional transport equations for real multicomponent fluids describe an immense body of physical processes. Bringing together a wealth of professional and instructional experience, this book stresses a problem-solving approach that uses one set of computational and graphical tools to describe all aspects of the analysis. It provides understanding of the principles involved so that code improvements and/or use of commercial codes can be accomplished knowledgeably.

Table of Contents

Computational Transport Phenomena

Overview

Transport Phenomena

Analyzing Transport Phenomena

A Computational Tool: The CTP Code

Verification, Validation, and Generalization

Summary

Nomenclature

References

The Equations of Change

Introduction

Derivation of The Continuity Equation

Derivation of The Species Continuity Equation

Derivation of The Equation Of Motion

Derivation of The General Energy Equation

Non-Newtonian Fluids

General Property Balance

Analytical and Approximate Solutions for the Equations of Change

Summary

Nomenclature

References

Physical Properties

Overview

Real-Fluid Thermodynamics

Chemical Equilibrium and Reaction Kinetics

Molecular Transport Properties

Thermal Radiation Properties

Nomenclature

References

Turbulence Modeling Concepts

Reynolds Averaging and Eddy Viscosity Models

Turbulence Characteristics

Reynolds and Favre Averaging

Eddy Viscosity Models

Nomenclature

Appendix 4.A: Basic Probability Parameters

References

Other Turbulence Models

More Comprehensive Turbulence Models

Differential Second-Moment Closure Methods

Probability Density Function Models

Direct Numerical Simulation

Large Eddy Simulation

Laminar-To-Turbulent Transition Models

Nomenclature

References

Computational Coordinates and Conservation Laws

Overview

Coordinates

Conservation Laws in Computational Coordinates

Transformed CTP Equations

Nomenclature

Appendix 6.A Transformed Terms Which Complete the System of Conservation Laws

References

Numerical Methods for Solving Governing Equations

Overview

Density-Based and Pressure-Based Methods

Numerical Methods

Grid Topologies

Space–Time Conservation-Element/Solution-Element Methods

Nomenclature

References

The CTP Code

Grids

Discretized Conservation Equations

Upwind and Dissipation Schemes

Solution Strategy

Time-Marching Scheme

Boundary Conditions

Initial Conditions

CTP Code Features

User’s Guide

Nomenclature

Multiphase Phenomena

Scope

Dilute Suspensions

Interphase Mass Transfer

Multiphase Effects Included in the CTP Code

Population Balance Models

Dense Particulate Flows

Nomenclature

References

Closure

References

APPENDIX A: Grid Stencils and Example Problems

APPENDIX B: Rudiments of Vector and Tensor Analysis

APPENDIX C: Fortran Primer

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI065000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical