Concentric Space as a Life Principle Beyond Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Ricoeur: Inclusion of the Other, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Concentric Space as a Life Principle Beyond Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Ricoeur

Inclusion of the Other, 1st Edition

By Paul Downes


208 pages | 5 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138306936
pub: 2019-10-15
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Concentric Space as a Life Principle Beyond Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Ricoeur invites a fresh vision of human experience and search for life meanings in terms of potential openings through relational space. Offering a radical spatial re-reading of foundational ideas of influential thinkers, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Ricoeur, it argues that these ideas can be re-thought for a more fundamental understanding of life, self and other.

This book offers a radical reconceptualization of space as an animating principle for life through common though previously hidden features across the thought of Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Ricoeur. It offers a fresh spatial interpretation of key themes in these thinkers’ works, such as compassion, will to life, Dionysian rapture, will to power, selfovercoming, re-valuation of values, eternal recurrence, living metaphor and intersubjectivity. It proposes a spatial restructuring of experience from diametric spaces of exclusion towards concentric spaces of inclusion for an experiential restructuring towards unifying modes of experience. This spatial rereading of these major figures in philosophy directly challenges many previous understandings, to offer a distinctive spatial phenomenological framework for examining a life principle.

This book will appeal to academics, researchers and postgraduates engaged in the study of the philosophy, education, wellbeing and human development. The book’s interdisciplinary scope ensures that it is also of interest for those in the fields of psychology, anthropology, culture studies and education.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction

A Proto-Language of Space as Concentric and Diametric Space

Space and a Life Principle

Chapter 2 Features of the Spatial Proto-Languageof Concentric and Diametric Space

Concentric and Diametric Space as a Proto-language of Relation: Beyond Space as a Shadow Text

Diametric and concentric projected spatial structures of relation: Assumed separation and assumed connection

Diametric Space as Mirror Image Inversion and its Relation with Concentric Space

Third entailment of the relative differences between concentric and diametric spaces: Foreground-background interaction versus noninteraction

Gestalt Figure-Ground Spatial Relations as a Variant of Diametric Space

Chapter 3 Compassion and Space

The reduction of Schopenhauer’s distinctive concept of compassion to egoism: A debate resting on primordial spatial assumptions of concentric and diametric space

Compassion as concentric projected spatial structures of relation in contrast to egoism as diametric space – a spatial proto-language of connection and the thick partition of separation

Diametric space as illusion and obstacle

Compassion within the determinism of the empirical world: Background conditions of space

Compassion: A different kind of rationality

Foreground-Background Interaction

Chapter 4 Rapture and Space

Rapture as an Experiential Expansion in Dionysian Music: Tentative Nietzschean Steps towards Concentric Space as Opened Boundaries in his Gloss on Schopenhauer’s Principium Individuationis

The Issue of Crossing in Experience from Foreground to Background Space: A Proto-language of Monism, Concentric Spatial Relation and Diametric Spatial Opposition

The Prerepresentative Mode of Music as a Concentric Spatial Dimension Restructuring Experience

Critique of Heidegger’s Interpretation of Nietzsche’s Rapture


Chapter 5 The Spatial Background between Dionysian and Apollonian Myths

A Prior Spatial Proto-language in Nietzsche’s Dionysus-Apollo Relation as an Optic of Life: Diametric Space as Figure/Ground Contrasts and Monism that Lack an Inclusion Principle

Promissory Notes towards a Concentric Spatial Relation ? A Transformational Relation Short of Dissolving

The Void

Hermeneutic Approaches in a Spatial-Phenomenological Reading of Nietzsche

Chapter 6 Power and Space

Nietzsche’s Will to Power as a Diametric Spatial Inversion of a Life Principle

The mirror image inversion of diametric space as a spatial process of turning: A reversal of life towards destruction

Diametric Space in the Historical Myth of Dionysus

Will to Power: Hemiplegia of the Connective Will

Chapter 7 Space as Freedom in Experience

Differing Dionysian Visions and Conceptions of Bounded Freedom in Nietzsche’s Work

Beyond Reevaluation of Values to Restructuring Habits of Emotion and Experience: An Emergent Vision of "freedom for"

Chapter 8 Space as Movement: Eternal Recurrence beyond Homogenous Time

Eternal Recurrence as Concentric Space Interacting with the Diametric Space of Will to Power

The relationship between eternal recurrence and will to power in primordial spatial terms

Taylor’s Carnival Inversion as a Diametric Mirror Image Space for Play: Search for a Life Principle Prior to a Homogenous Space as Monism

Vertical Interplay between Concentric and Diametric Space as Eternal Recurrence Includes a Horizontal Movement Towards Flattened Homogenous Space as Monism for Experience of Time

Chapter 9 Space Prior to Metaphor

At The Threshold of Ricœur’s Concerns in La Métaphore Vive: A Concentric and Diametric Spatial Discourse Building on Lévi-Strauss and early Heidegger

Ricœur’s Objections to Heidegger’s Critique of the Metaphysical within the Metaphorical and to Jakobson’s Selection-Combination Binarism: Issues for the Proposed Spatial Discourse of Concentric and Diametric Structures of Relation

Beyond metaphor to concentric and diametric space as a system of meaning prior to language as protolanguage

Chapter 10 Space and Internalisation of the Other

A Living Spatial Movement of Relation – Reconceptualising Ricoeur’s Oneself as Another and Heidegger’s Being and Time

Beyond Lévi-Strauss’ Structuralism to the Interplay between Diametric and Concentric Spaces as Pure Spatial Movement in Heidegger’s Being and Time

Diametric Space as Assumed Separation and Closure: A Discourse Anticipated by Ricoeur

About the Author

Paul Downes is Associate Professor of Psychology, School of Human Development, Institute of Education, Dublin City University, Ireland. He has over 100 international peer reviewed publications across areas of philosophy, psychology, education, law, anthropology and social policy and has given keynotes and invited presentations in 29 countries.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHILOSOPHY / Mind & Body
PSYCHOLOGY / Mental Health