1st Edition

Concrete Buildings in Seismic Regions

ISBN 9781138073517
Published May 16, 2017 by CRC Press
876 Pages 611 B/W Illustrations

USD $115.00

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Book Description

Bearing in mind that reinforced concrete is a key component in a majority of built environment structures, Concrete Buildings in Seismic Regions combines the scientific knowledge of earthquake engineering with a focus on the design of reinforced concrete buildings in seismic regions. This book addresses practical design issues, providing an integrated, comprehensible, and clear presentation that is suitable for design practice.

It combines current approaches to seismic analysis and design, with a particular focus on reinforced concrete structures, and includes:

  • an overview of structural dynamics
  • analysis and design of new R/C buildings in seismic regions
  • post-earthquake damage evaluation, pre earthquake assessment of buildings and retrofitting procedures
  • seismic risk management of R/C buildings within urban nuclei
  • extended numerical example applications

Concrete Buildings in Seismic Regions determines guidelines for the proper structural system for many types of buildings, explores recent developments, and covers the last two decades of analysis, design, and earthquake engineering. Divided into three parts, the book specifically addresses seismic demand issues and the basic issues of structural dynamics, considers the "capacity" of structural systems to withstand seismic effects in terms of strength and deformation, and highlights existing R/C buildings under seismic action. All of the book material has been adjusted to fit a modern seismic code and offers in-depth knowledge of the background upon which the code rules are based. It complies with the last edition of European Codes of Practice for R/C buildings in seismic regions, and includes references to the American Standards in effect for seismic design.

Table of Contents


Historical notes

Structure of this book

An overview of structural dynamics


Dynamic analysis of elastic single-degree-of-freedom systems

Dynamic analysis of inelastic SDOF systems

Dynamic analysis of MDOF elastic systems

Dynamic analysis of MDOF inelastic systems

Application example

Design principles – seismic actions – performance requirements –compliance criteria


The conceptual framework of seismic design: Energy balance

Earthquake input

Ground conditions and design seismic actions

Performance requirements and compliance criteria

Configuration of earthquake-resistant R/C structural systems: Structural behaviour


Basic principles of conceptual design

Primary and secondary seismic members

Structural R/C types covered by seismic codes

Response of structural systems to lateral loading

Structural configuration of multi-storey R/C buildings

Analysis of the structural system


Structural Regularity

Torsional Flexibility

Ductility Classes and Behaviour Factors

Analysis Methods

Elastic Analysis Methods

Inelastic analysis methods

Combination of the components of gravity loads and seismic action

Example: Modelling and elastic analysis of an eight-storey RC building

Examples: Applications using inelastic analysis

Capacity design – design action effects – safety verifications

Impact of capacity design on design action effects

Safety verifications

Reinforced concrete materials under seismic actions


Plain (unconfined) concrete


Confined concrete

Bonding between steel and concrete

Basic Conclusions for materials and their synergy

Seismic-resistant R/C frames


Design of beams

Design of Columns

Beam–column joints

Masonry infilled frames


Example: Detailed design of an internal frame

Seismic-resistant R/C walls and diaphragms


Slender ductile walls

Ductile coupled walls

Squat ductile walls

Large lightly reinforced walls

Special issues in the design of walls

Seismic design of diaphragms

Example: Dimensioning of a ductile and slender

Wall with a composite cross-section

Seismic design of foundations


Ground properties

General considerations for foundation analysis and design

Analysis and design of foundation ground under the design action effects

Analysis and design of foundation members under the design action effects

Example: Dimensioning of foundation beams

Seismic pathology

Classification of damage to R/C structural members

Factors affecting the degree of damage to buildings

Emergency post-earthquake damage inspection, assessment and human life protection measures


Inspections and damage assessment

Organisational scheme for inspections

Action plan

Emergency measures for temporary propping

Final remarks

Seismic assessment and retrofitting of R/C buildings


Pre-Earthquake Seismic Evaluation of R/C Buildings

Post-Earthquake Seismic Evaluation of R/C Buildings

Design of Repair of R/C Buildings

Detailed seismic assessment and rehabilitation of R/C buildings


Overview of displacement-based design for seismic actions

Scope of the detailed seismic assessment and rehabilitation of R/C buildings

Performance requirements and compliance criteria

Information for structural assessment

Quantitative assessment of seismic capacity

Decisions for structural retrofitting of R/C buildings

Design of structural rehabilitation

Technology of repair and strengthening


Materials and intervention techniques

Redimensioning and safety verification of structural elements

Repair and strengthening of structural elements using conventional means

Repair and strengthening of structural elements using FRPs

Addition of new structural elements

Quality assurance of interventions

Final remarks

Seismic risk management


Conceptual approach to the steps of seismic risk management

Seismic risk assessment in the United States and European Union

Seismic hazard

Seismic vulnerability

Seismic risk analysis

Cost–benefit analysis



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Gregory G. Penelis, MSc, DIC, Phd is the CEO of Penelis Consulting Engineers S.A., and has been involved in the design/review of more than 100 buildings throughout Europe. He has been involved in many research projects regarding the seismic assessment of listed and monumental buildings the urban nucleus.

George Gr. Penelis is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, has served as national representative on the drafting committee for Eurocode 2, is ordinary member of Academia Pontaniana, Italy and has published more than 250 technical papers, and is co-author of Earthquake Resistant Concrete Structures. He has supervised 25 successful Phd theses.


"This book is arguably the most comprehensive and accessible book on the subject. It pulls together the wide range of tools and procedures for a complete treatment of structural earthquake engineering, from building components, to regional impact assessment, including foundations. The book will be invaluable for practicing engineers, students, researchers, and emergency managers."
—Amr S. Elnashai, FREng, Head of Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

"This is a comprehensive and excellent book covering all aspects of seismic design and seismic assessment including post-earthquake retrofitting and repair. The latest analysis and design concepts are explained with a focus on RC structures, and it is highly recommended."
—Jean-Pierre Rammant, Nemetschek Scia nv

"I do not believe that you could find a more extended and well organized text that addresses the state of the practice of seismic design of concrete buildings."
––Michele Calvi, President, European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering