The Concrete Solutions series of International Conferences on Concrete Repair began in 2003 with a conference held in St. Malo, France in association with INSA Rennes. Subsequent conferences have seen us partnering with the University of Padua in 2009 and with TU Dresden in 2011. This conference is being held for the first time in the UK, in association with Queen’s University Belfast and brings together delegates from 36 countries to discuss the latest advances and technologies in concrete repair.

    Earlier conferences were dominated by electrochemical repair, but there has been an interesting shift to more unusual methods, such as bacterial repair of concrete plus an increased focus on service life design aspects and modelling, with debate and discussion on the best techniques and the validity of existing methods. Repair of heritage structures is also growing in importance and a number of the papers have focused on the importance of getting this right, so that we may preserve our rich cultural heritage of historic structures.

    This book is an essential reference work for those working in the concrete repair field, from Engineers to Architects and from Students to Clients.

    About the editors

    Keynote papers

    Design for concrete durability: From deemed-to-satisfy to dreamed-to-satisfy
    J. Gulikers

    Turkey’s grand challenge: Disaster-proof building inventory within 20 years
    O. Gunes

    Managing post-tensioned bridges – better than before
    D. Pearson-Kirk

    Patch and crack repair

    Two-stage concrete as a repair method
    H.S. Abdelgader & A.S. El-Baden

    Self-healing behavior of concrete cracks
    C. Baer˘a, H. Szilagyi, M. P˘astrav & A. Mircea

    Concrete repair bond: Evaluation and factors of influence
    B. Bissonnette, L. Courard, A. Garbacz, A.M. Vaysburd & K.F. von Fay

    Ureolysis and denitrification based microbial strategies for self-healing concrete
    Y.C. Ersan, J.Y.Wang, N. Boon & N. De Belie

    Self-healing of dynamic concrete cracks using polymer precursors as encapsulated healing agents
    J. Feiteira, E. Gruyaert & N. De Belie

    Patch repair: Compatibility issues
    A. Garbacz, L. Courard, B. Bissonnette,W. Głodkowska & A. Vaysburd

    Properties of alkali-activated fly ash/slag repair mortars
    N. Ghafoori & M. Najimi

    Corrosion behavior of steel bars in reinforced concrete slabs repaired by partial patching
    E. Kato, Y. Kawabata & M. Iwanami

    Formulation of a repair mortar based on dune sand and natural microfibers
    B. Krobba, M. Bouhicha, A. Zaidi & M.F. Lakhdari

    Alternative repair system for concrete using microencapsulated healing agents
    C. Litina, A. Kanellopoulos & A. Al-Tabbaa

    Towards cost efficient bacteria based self-healing marine concrete
    D. Palin, V.Wiktor & H.M. Jonkers

    A proposal on repair methods for freeze-thaw damaged concrete with least re-deterioration
    A. Satoh, K. Shinya, K. Tashiro & K. Rokugo

    Self-compacting repair mortars according to BS EN 1504-3
    N. Strompinis, K.K. Sideris, V.-Z. Douros, I. Vitsios & I. Zervos

    Can self-repair of concrete cracks help to obtain durable concrete?
    K. Van Tittelboom, M. Maes & N. De Belie

    Influencing factors affecting microbial metabolic processes of bio materials used for leakage repairs
    I. Ujike, F. Kubo, K. Kawaai & S. Okazaki

    Field performance of bacteria-based repair system: Pilot study in a parking garage
    V.Wiktor & H.M. Jonkers

    Study on the preparation of polymer modified mortar and its application on the rapid repair of a ballastless track
    Z. Yi, H. Li, Y. Tan, H. Jin & Y. Xie

    Electrochemical repair

    Field experience of remote monitored and controlled CP systems
    C. Atkins, R. Brueckner, P. Lambert & M. Bennett

    The impact of the interruption of impressed current cathodic protection on the steel/concrete interface
    S. Bhuiyan, D. Law & T. Molyneux

    Cathodic protection for the remediation of swimming pools
    R. Brueckner, D. Wright, C. Atkins & P. Lambert

    Site performance of galvanic anodes in concrete repairs
    C. Christodoulou, C.I. Goodier & S.A. Austin

    Anode performance: The use of ballasted mixed metal oxide coated titanium anodes in impressed current systems installed within historic steel frame masonry clad structures
    P. Chess, G. Crevello & P. Noyce

    Cathodic protection of steel in concrete – experiences on parking garages in Germany
    H. Esteves, S. Mayer & R. Stöcklein

    Issues using potential decay techniques to assess a cathodic protection system of steel in concrete caused by macrocell corrosion
    R. Giorgini

    Numerical simulation of the current and potential distribution of surface applied CP-anode systems
    C. Helm & M. Raupach

    A novel assessment of the electrochemical lithium impregnation treatment used to mitigate alkali-silica reaction in concrete
    J. Lizarazo-Marriaga, J. Lozano, J. Silva, L. Fonseca, G. Hermida & P. Claisse

    Experience and recent innovations in cathodic protection of steel in concrete
    R.B. Polder & W.H.A. Peelen

    Durability aspects of electrochemical realkalisation treatment
    E. Redaelli & L. Bertolini

    Maintenance and repair of steel reinforced concrete structures by simultaneous galvanic corrosion protection and chloride extraction
    W. Schwarz, F. Müllner & A. van den Hondel

    Extending residual service life of steel reinforced structures by the use of galvanic anodes
    G. Sergi & A.M.G. Seneviratne

    Study on lithium migration for electrochemical treatment of concrete affected by alkali-silica reaction
    L.M.S. Souza, O. Çopuroglu & R.B. Polder

    Evaluation of electrochemical repair effects using near-infrared spectroscopic technique
    T. Ueda, Y. Hamada, M. Kohri & A. Nanasawa

    Strengthening materials and techniques/Repair with composites

    State-of-the-art review on FRP strengthened concrete columns
    K. Abdelrahman & R. El-Hacha

    Strengthening of concrete ground floors in industrial halls – a case study 261
    G. Dmochowski & P. Berkowski

    Experimental evaluation of RC beams defected in both concrete strength and steel reinforcement and retrofitted by fiber reinforced polymers
    T.M. Elrakib

    Flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete beams with prestressed externally bonded CFRP sheets
    M. Hadiseraji & R. El-Hacha

    Experimental study concerning the material behavior of CFRP confined plain and reinforced concrete
    K. Holschemacher & S. Käseberg

    Proposal of a material model for FRP confined, circular, short concrete columns with and without internal reinforcement
    S. Kaeseberg & K. Holschemacher

    Behaviour of ferrocement jacketed cylindrical concrete specimens under compression
    A.B.M.A. Kaish, M. Jamil, S.N. Raman & M.F.M. Zain

    Strains in CFRP – strengthened reinforced concrete beams
    M. Kaminski & E. Kusa

    Rehabilitation of concrete beams pre-failed in shear using near-surface-mounted composite strips
    T.A. El-Maaddawy

    Flexural strengthening for R.C. beams using CFRP sheets with different bonding schemes
    A.M. Morsy, K.M. Helmy, N.H. El-Ashkar & M. Nada

    Nonlinear finite element modeling of reinforced concrete beams in shear – strengthened with near surface mounted laminates
    A.M. Morsy, N.H. El-Ashkar & I.S. Mattar

    Ductility of FRP reinforced RC structures: A critical review of definition and expressions
    F. Oudah & R. El-Hacha

    Cracking in polymer concrete pipes-comparison of exact events in a pipe jacking project and numerical 3D modeling analyses
    K. Pakiman, A. Jenabi, P.S. Sanjari & B. Mohammadi

    Effect of thermal cycling on the behaviour of CFRP-to-concrete joints
    D. Petkova, T. Donchev & A. Jawad

    Retrofitting of RC panels subjected to blast effects using elastomeric polymer coatings
    S.N. Raman, M. Jamil, T. Ngo, P. Mendis & T. Pham

    Modeling of continuous composite girders partially reinforced with CFRP
    A. Sharif & M. Samaaneh

    Experimental study on shear strengthening of R.C. beams using FRP repair techniques
    M.S. Tughar

    Response of 4×4 bays, 15 storey RC building frames with and without external steel bracings and internal steel bracings
    A.S.V. Venkatesh, B.M.R. Apoorva & C.G. Narayana

    Surface protection methods and materials

    Performance of silane impregnants for the protection of reinforced concrete
    C. Christodoulou, H. Tiplady, C.I. Goodier & S.A. Austin

    Effect of silicate-based surface penetrant on concrete durability
    Y. Kato & N. Someya

    Hybrid surface protection repair system using UHP-SHCC for concrete structures – from design to application
    M. Kunieda

    The impact of curing compounds on the leaching from concrete
    D.W. Law & S. Setunge

    Determination of chloride ion diffusion coefficient in outer layer of concrete with silicate-type surface penetrant
    S. Miyazato & D. Kuroiwa

    Performance of concretes with surface treatment based on silicate solutions (liquid glass)
    S. Monosi & M.L. Ruello

    Design of a cementitious coating system for corrosion protection: Phase 1 binder materials selection
    G. Nery, H. Hüsken & H.-C. Kühne

    Microstructural and permeability changes due to accelerated Ca leaching in ammonium nitrate solution
    Q.T. Phung, N. Maes, D. Jacques, G. De Schutter & G. Ye

    Efficiency of materials used for repair measures of concrete structures exposed to chlorides
    A. Rahimi, T. Reschke, A.Westendarp & C. Gehlen

    Fundamental research on the carbonation control effect by coating materials
    M. Sugiyama

    Development and use of flowable calcium aluminate mortars in sewer environments
    C.J.Weale & D.P. Ferguson

    The application of modified hydrotalcites as chloride scavengers and inhibitor release agents in cement mortars
    Z. Yang, H. Fischer & R. Polder

    Repair of fire damage

    Effects of Micromist fire extinguishing on the residual strength of heated and cooled concrete
    T. Donchev, S. Dembele, D. Petkova &A. Lawrence

    Fire damage evaluation and repairs for reinforced concrete turbine table top foundation, Durango, Mexico
    A. Garduno & F. Ballhausen

    Evaluation and repair of fire damage to the concrete structures of a high-rise building
    C.-M. Zhai, Y.-F. Guo, Y. Lou &Y. Lu

    Behaviour of High Strength Concrete (HSC) under high temperatures
    H. Kew, T. Donchev, D. Petkova & I. Iliadis

    Evaluation of geopolymer concrete for repair of rocket test facility flame deflectors
    C. Montes, D. Allgood, E. Allouche, R. Islam & I. Tham

    NDT and diagnosis of problems

    Combination of NDT techniques for studying external repair patches in concrete
    D.G. Aggelis, S. Verbruggen, E. Tsangouri, T. Tysmans & D. Van Hemelrijck

    Determining bond strength of repair coatings on deformable substrates
    D. Corbett

    Prioritizing repairs to reinforced concrete water storage elevated tanks regarding seismic risk
    H. Hammoum, K. Bouzelha & D. Slimani

    Estimation of the main factors influencing potential mapping
    S. Kessler & C. Gehlen

    Freeze-thaw resistance testing of concrete railway sleepers
    A. Köliö, T. Rantala, J. Lahdensivu & A. Nurmikolu

    Importance of proper site evaluation and sample selection in non-destructive testing
    M. Lim & P. Siwek

    Diagnosis methodology in concrete structures reinforced with braided cable
    A. Lozano, J.J. Del Coz, F. Alvarez & M. Alonso

    Corrosion of steel in cracked concrete: A microscale study
    J. Pacheco, B. Šavija, E. Schlangen & R.B. Polder

    Lock-in thermography approach to discriminate surface preparation in CFRP reinforced concrete
    M.M. Rahman, H. Hamza & D.A. Chamberlain

    Stress wave velocity tests in early-stage of concrete piles
    J. Rybak

    Instant and solid corrosion diagnosis on reinforced concrete structures with galvanostatic pulse measurement
    U. Schneck

    Ultrasonic non-destructive testing techniques for diagnosing concrete damage
    A.A. Shah, S.-U.R. Rehman &A. Naseer

    Suitability of embedded RFID-sensors for concrete bridge structures
    M. Stoppel & A. Fakhouri

    Detection of chloride and carbonation induced corrosion in reinforced concrete structures using piezo sensors via electro-mechanical impedance technique
    T. Visalakshi, S. Bhalla &A. Gupta

    Monitoring the development of microcracks in reinforced concrete caused by sustained loading and chloride induced corrosion
    J.Wang, P.A.M. Basheer, S.V. Nanukuttan & Y. Bai

    Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) – alternative to wet chemistry and micro-XRF
    G.Wilsch, T. Eichler, S. Millar & D. Schaurich

    Repair and preservation of heritage structures, roman cement Wotruba Church and Cologne Opera: Aspects of concrete aging
    M. Ban

    Corrosion condition evaluations of historic concrete icons
    G. Crevello, N. Hudson & P. Noyce

    The role of material microstructure in the durability of historic buildings
    A.J. Klemm & D.E.Wiggins

    Realkalisation of a late 19th century bridge
    E. Marie-Victoire, M. Bouichou, V. Bouteiller & Y.Y. Tong

    Comparative analysis of the Transylvanian Jesuit churches from the XVIIIth century
    C.G.R. Mircea & G. Orbán

    Service life modelling

    Study on autogenous shrinkage stress considering dependence on temperature in early age
    J.-I. Arai, T. Ajichi & T. Mizobuchi

    Durability of fly ash concrete exposed to slow freeze-thaw cycles
    A. Badr

    Correlation research on the electrical resistivity of concrete and its other electrical properties
    H. Li, L. Yang, Z. Yi, Y. Tan & Y. Xie

    Effect of internal cracking on mass transfer resistance of cover concrete
    S. Okazaki, M. Kurumatani, I. Ujike & N. Takamoto

    Study on effects of distribution of chloride ions by differences of pore structure with various conditions
    R. Takatoku &T. Mizobuchi

    Case studies

    Examples of concrete structural elements in early 20th century buildings in Wrocław (Poland) – case studies
    P. Berkowski & G. Dmochowski

    Repair of a reinforced concrete tower tank for water
    C. Bywalski, M. Kaminski & M. Maszczak

    Maintenance and preservation of the Royal National Theatre, London
    S. Douglas

    Natural draft cooling towers with flue gas inlet
    H. Eisenkrein & C. Kotz-Pollkläsener

    The strengthening and repair of the pierhead at Gorey in the Channel Island of Jersey
    S. Hold

    Technical diagnosis and recommendations for repair of RC tanks for water and liquid waste
    M. Kosior-Kazberuk & P. Berkowski

    Investigation of distress in a post-tensioned slab
    D.Wimpenny & R. Norwood-Grundy

    The current situation of concrete crash barrier walls on the city bridges of Harbin and the design concept of new fabricated protective plates
    W. Xiangguo, Q. Jinkai, L. Sha & Z. Ruofei

    Insitu strength assessment

    Improved artificial neural network prediction of concrete strength based on non-destructive test results
    O.V. Antonio & A. Jaurigue

    Local concrete characterization assessment by the means of non-destructive tests (NDT) methods
    L. Belagraa, A. Bouzid, N. Logzit, N. Badache & A. Belguendouz

    Concrete strength evaluation through indirect UPV
    S. Biondi, C. Valente & L. Zuccarino

    Assessment of insitu structural capacity of aged buildings
    S.T. Chan, D.K.C. Chung, B.L.K. Au & S.T.K. Ng

    Evaluation of the mechanical integrity of a concrete surface by means of combined destructive methods
    L. Courard, B. Bissonnette, A. Vaysburd & A. Garbacz

    Structural modelling/finite element analysis

    Damage model for the analysis of structural response of RC columns subjected to corrosion phenomena
    I. Finozzi & A. Saetta

    Mechanical properties of corroded rebar in deteriorated reinforced concrete members
    Y. Kitsutaka, Y. Uchida & K. Matsuzawa

    Effect of corrosion cracks in the compression zone on the bending performance of deteriorated RC members
    M. Oyado, T. Kanakubo & A. Yasojima

    Author index


    Micheael Grantham, P A Muhammed Basheer, Bryan Magee, Marios Soutsos