1st Edition

Concrete Solutions Proceedings of Concrete Solutions, 6th International Conference on Concrete Repair, Thessaloniki, Greece, 20-23 June 2016

Edited By Michael Grantham Copyright 2016

    Concrete Solutions contains the contributions from some 30 countries to Concrete Solutions, the 6th International Conference on Concrete Repair (Thessaloniki, Greece, 20-23 June 2016). Strengthening and retrofitting are major themes in this volume, with NDT and electrochemical repair following closely, discussing the latest advances and technologies in concrete repair. The book brings together some interesting and challenging theoretical approaches and questions if we really understand and approach such topics as corrosion monitoring correctly. Concrete Solutions is an essential reference work for those working in the concrete repair field, from engineers to architects and from students to clients. The Concrete Solutions Series of international conferences on concrete repair began in 2003 with a conference held in St. Malo, France in association with INSA Rennes. Subsequent conferences have seen the Series partnering with the  University of Padua (Italy) in 2009, with TU Dresden (Germany) in 2011 and with Queen’s University Belfast (Northern Ireland) in 2014. In 2016 Thessaloniki (Greece) hosted the conference, partnering with both Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH) and Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH). The next conference in the series will be held in 2019 in Istanbul.

    Case studies

    Protection of a pier structure using an alternative combined electrochemical approach
    R. Brueckner, C. Atkins, R. Merola & P. Lambert

    Analysis of adaptation of reinforced concrete structures from early 20th century to the needs of modern requirements – a case study
    G. Dmochowski & P. Berkowski

    Application of a surface-applied cathodic protection system on a light weight concrete bridge – Part I: Condition assessment, intervention options and trial investigations
    J.J.W. Gulikers, R.G. Giorgini &A.J. van den Hondel

    What are the benefits of corrosion monitoring in concrete structures from an owner’s perspective?
    J.J.W. Gulikers

    Modern techniques and concrete technology used to conserve a unique heritage breakwater
    S. Hold

    WWII German concrete defence walls in Jersey, Channel Islands
    S. Hold

    Micropiling a bridge in construction in the motorway M-410 in Madrid (Spain)
    C. Jurado Cabañes

    Road bridge decks sealing, joints and pavement practice, the Greek motorway experience
    A. Kokkalis & P. Panetsos

    Corrosion propagation phase in reinforced concrete facades
    A. Köliö & J. Lahdensivu

    ASR possibilities in Finnish concrete bridges
    J. Lahdensivu, A. Köliö & D. Husaini

    Survey of the largest prefabricated concrete structure of Spain
    A. Lozano, M. Alonso, F. Álvarez, J.J. Del Coz

    Management strategy for localized concrete maintenance on the Rion-Antirion Bridge
    I.C. Papantoniou, P. Corbett, A. Stathopoulos-Vlamis & P. Papanikolas

    Focused, non-destructive repair of tunnel walls with electrochemical chloride extraction
    U. Schneck

    NDT and diagnostic study of corrosion damaged RC structures to enhance their service life – case studies
    S. Sharma, A. Pahuja, B.S. Rao, N.S. Adarsh Kumar &A. Sharma

    Design of repair works in underground structures located in fine-grained soil
    A. Shilin &A. Schukina

    Various stages of protection of concrete roads
    S.N. Tolmachov, O.A. Belichenko & H.V. Brazhnyk

    Analysis of the failure of a track slab concrete
    Z. Yi, H. Li, H. Jin &Y. Xie

    Electrochemical repair

    Electrochemical re-alkalisation, chloride extraction and alkali-silica reaction in concrete
    P.F.G. Banfill

    Acid damage to anode mortar when using cathodic protection
    P.M. Chess

    The flow of ions through concrete structures
    P.M. Chess

    Impressed Current Cathodic Protection (ICCP) on reinforced concrete drilled piles buried in soil, Fürth, Germany
    H. Esteves & S. Mayer

    Assessment of the throwing power generated by a surface applied galvanic cathodic protection system on a light weight concrete bridge deck soffit
    R.G. Giorgini, H. van den Hondel & J.J.W. Gulikers

    The durability of reference electrodes in reinforced concrete applications
    P.M. Chess, O. Klinghoffer & B. Kofoed

    An investigation into impressed current cathodic protection systems in Australian wharfs
    P. Nicholls & D.W. Law

    Prevention of incipient anodes induced by patch repair by a novel type of discrete galvanic zinc anodes
    W. Schwarz, M. Bakalli & M. Donadio

    Application of a surface-applied cathodic protection system on a light weight concrete bridge – Part II: Developments in time of the effectiveness by potential decay values and current densities
    A.J. van den Hondel, R.G. Giorgini & J.J.W. Gulikers

    NDT and diagnosis of problems

    3D localization of the reinforcement in reinforced concrete slab by using GPR
    K. Agred, G. Klysz & J.P. Balayssac

    Determination of the electrical resistivity of concrete structures using electrical impedance tomography
    A. Asgharzadeh, K. Reichling & M. Raupach

    NDT for damage diagnosis in shear-critical concrete beams using external PZTs and a new wireless monitoring system (WiAMS)
    M.E. Voutetaki, N.A. Papadopoulos, C.E. Chalioris & C.P. Providakis

    Effect of stirrups on reinforcement corrosion measurements in concrete
    C.-T. Chen, C.-J. Li &T.-P. Chang

    Reinforced concrete NDT research and practice in Turkey: A gap analysis
    O. Gunes, C. Sengul, C. Colak & M. Asan

    In-situ methods of detecting steel corrosion using permanent and non-electronic systems
    T. Juraschek & O.Weichold

    Influence of the reinforcement on concrete resistivity with a new measurement technique
    A.Q. Nguyen, G. Klysz, F. Deby & J.P. Balayssac

    Injection quality of steel cable ducts evaluated by NDT
    C.G. Petersen

    Non-destructive testing of joints in precast element structures
    C.G. Petersen & H.D.O. Recillas

    Development of electrically conductive resins for the on-site fabrication of sensors for corrosion detection and risk assessment in reinforced concrete
    P.B. Sassmann & O.Weichold

    Frequency dependency of concrete resistance measurements
    A.-M. Thoresen, K. Hornbostel & M.R. Geiker

    Patch repair

    An experimental investigation into the effects of water and binder-related parameters on restrained shrinkage cracking in concrete patch repair mortars
    P.A. Arito, H. Beushausen & M.G. Alexander

    Strength recovery of concrete repaired using normal and rapid hardening repair mortars
    A. Badr & S. Ioannou

    Development of new types of repair materials by imparting thixotropic properties
    H. Fujiwara, M. Maruoka, T. Kawato, T. Sugawara, K. Yoshikawa, T. Abe, S. Takemoto & H. Kasahara

    Microwave system for in-situ curing of concrete repair
    P.S. Mangat, K. Grigoriadis, S. Abubakri, A. Javaid & C. Zhao

    Temperature development in microwave cured repair materials
    P.S. Mangat, K. Grigoriadis & S. Abubakri

    Sustainable and effective self-leveling mortars
    I. Papayianni, E. Anastasiou, P. Avramidis & P. Chatziagorastou

    The effect of binding system of mortars on chloride ion penetration
    I. Papayianni, M. Papachristoforou & F. Kesikidou

    Bonding properties of magnesium phosphate cement-based repair materials
    C. Shi, N. Yang, L. Chong, Z.Wu & J. Yang

    Effectiveness of different repair materials and methods used for the repair of chloride corroded reinforced concrete structures
    K.K. Sideris, E. Manikas &A. Michalakopoulos

    Analytical investigation of bond between ECC matrix and steel reinforcement
    S.P. Tastani

    Flexural response of corroded reinforced concrete beams: Experiments and finite element analyses
    G.G. Triantafyllou, T.C. Rousakis &A.I. Karabinis

    Performance of rapid repair mortars with sulfate aluminium cement and Portland cement
    J. Yuan,W. Yang, X. Cai & Q. Li

    Early-age cracking resistance of repair cement mortar with copolymer powder and fibers
    W. Yang, X. Cai, Y. Ge, J. Yuan & D. Zhou

    Repair and preservation of heritage structures, Roman cement

    Historical and structural aspects of the durability and maintenance of a reinforced concrete market hall building from the early 20th century
    P. Berkowski & M. Kosior-Kazberuk

    Restoration of historical heritage in Russia: The age of architectural concrete
    V.R. Falikman &V.V. Deniskin

    The survey of a historical building from the beginning of the previous century. Evaluation of mechanical characteristics of the load bearing system
    I. Papayianni, V. Pachta &A. Milosi

    Repair of fire damage

    Study on the effect of firing heating on FRC with various types and content
    D. Choumanidis, P. Nomikos, A. Sofianos, E. Badogiannis & E. Papadimitriou

    Investigation, assessment and repair of a fire-damaged reinforced concrete structure
    A. Elenas & K.K. Sideris

    Innovative materials for passive fire protection of concrete
    K.M. Sakkas, P. Nomikos, A. Sofianos & D. Panias

    Risk management

    Application of carbon nanotubes in structural health monitoring of steel-reinforced concrete
    P.H.P. Lagason, O.V.M. Antonio & S.A.P. Peñeda

    Service life modelling

    Chloride threshold values for corrosion in concrete – a myth?
    U.M. Angst & B. Elsener

    Durability design of reinforced concrete structures – service life estimation
    S. Demis &V.G. Papadakis

    Service life estimation of cracked and healed concrete in marine environment
    M. Maes & N. De Belie

    Propagation of pitting corrosion of steel in concrete: Conceptual models for local cross section loss
    R.B. Polder, U.M. Angst, J. Pacheco &W.H.A. Peelen

    Influence of crack width on the initial corrosion of surfaces exposed to high chloride
    M. Schneider, E. Baumgartner, P. Druml & F. Pruckner

    The “Predicted Performance Curve” (PPC): A new structural performance deterioration model for concrete infrastructure
    N. Semaan &T. Zayed

    Service life design of concrete structures using probabilistic modelling tools: Statistical analysis of input parameters
    I.P. Sfikas & J.P. Ingham

    Strengthening materials and techniques/Repair with composites

    Assessment of strengthening techniques of reinforced concrete elements rehabilitated with composites
    D.V. Achillopoulou, A.N. Kiziridou, G.A. Papachatzakis &A.I. Karabinis

    Experimental analysis for the development of an Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC)
    A.L. Mina, M.F. Petrou & K.G. Trezos

    Bond performance of the deep embedment shear strengthening method
    M. Caro, Y. Jemaa, S. Dirar &A. Quinn

    Shear strengthening of reinforced concrete T-beams with EB-FRP sheets
    C.E. Chalioris & C.A. Argiriou

    Flexural and cracking behaviour of concrete beams reinforced with FRP bars
    C.E. Chalioris, P.K. Kosmidou, T.A. Panagiotopoulos & C.G. Karayannis

    Fatigue design of RC beams strengthened in flexure with FRP laminates
    B. Charalambidi, T.C. Rousakis &A.I. Karabinis

    Evaluation of the mechanical behavior of FRC with different types of fibre, through Barcelona and bending testing
    D. Choumanidis, P. Nomikos, A. Sofianos, E. Badogiannis & E. Papadimitriou

    Improving the ductility of FRP strengthened unidirectional RC slabs via hybrid CFRP/BFRP reinforcing
    T. Donchev, D. Petkova &A. Pavlovic

    Stress field analysis of reinforced concrete slab with central cutout strengthened using FRP laminates
    L. Vasiliadis, I. Kavvadias, I. Litina & K. Bantilas

    Pullout behavior of single steel fiber with different strengths of concrete
    M.I. Khan &W. Abbass

    FRP confinement of high-aspect ratio concrete columns
    C.S. Kolyvas, T.C. Triantafillou &A.I. Bernakos

    Durability restoration of cementitious composites via micro encapsulated mineral repair agents
    C. Litina, A. Kanellopoulos &A. Al-Tabbaa

    Cyclic response of large lightly reinforced concrete walls made of plain and fibre concrete
    C.G.R. Mircea, A. Faur, A. Harcsa, M. Mulea & C. Baera

    Differences in losses of prestress between steel and FRP reinforcement
    M. Mirshekari, T. Donchev, D. Petkova & M. Limbachiya

    Use of 3D microscopy in the analysis of FRP strengthened concrete
    D. Petkova, T. Donchev & D.Wertheim

    CFRP-steel hybrid retrofitting of steel-concrete composite structures
    M. Subhani, R. Al-Ameri & M.I. Kabir

    Bacteria-based self-healing mortar: A comparison of two studies
    E. Tziviloglou, V.Wiktor, H.M. Jonkers & E. Schlangen

    Some considerations on precipitation rate of calcium carbonate in bio-based materials used for concrete repair
    K. Kawaai, I. Ujike, S. Yamamoto & P.Y. Putri

    Study on tensile bearing behavior of nodes in CFRP grid
    B.Wang, K. Uji, V.D. Tran, A. Ueno & K. Ohno

    Resistance to fatigue of self-healed concrete based on encapsulated polymer precursors
    J. Feiteira, V. Couvreur, E. Gruyaert & N. De Belie

    Surface protection methods and materials

    Concrete protection with hydrophobic impregnation – importance of correct specifications
    M. Donadio & N. Anagnostopoulos

    Development of chloride induced reinforcement corrosion in cracked concrete after application of a surface protection system
    F. Hiemer, S. Keßler & C. Gehlen

    An investigation of the surface properties of air-cured microconcretes developed with controlled permeability formwork liners using destructive and non-destructive methods
    A.S. Marinos, M.S. Katsiotis, G. Batis, M. Beazi-Katsioti, J.L. Gallias &V. Kaloidas

    Durable surface repair of waterway engineering structures with sprayed textile reinforced concrete
    C. Morales Cruz & M. Raupach

    Sustainable repair

    An engineering example of energy saving renovation of external wall of original building with lightweight insulation composite panel
    Y. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Shi, S. Yang &W. Liu

    Production of durable concretes using EAF slag aggregates
    K.K. Sideris, A. Chatzopoulos & Ch. Tassos


    Professor Mike Grantham has many years of experience in NDT and repair of concrete structures. He is currently the President of the Institute of Concrete Technology and a Visiting Professor at Leeds University (and at Queen’s University previously). He is the author or co-author of several books on NDT and repair of concrete, including the well-known "Testing of Concrete in Structures, with Bungey and Millard. He is organiser and Chair of the Concrete Solutions series of International Conferences on Concrete Repair. He is also Editor-in-Chief of Elsevier’s "Case Studies in Construction Materials.

    Professor Ioanna Papayianni, chemist and civil engineer, is an expert at an international level in the rehabilitation of cultural heritage, carrying out scientific research on building techniques and materials of monuments from all periods at the University of Thessaloniki. At the URBACT LINKS Network Workshop in Veria she presented research findings related to the rehabilitation of the city’s historical center and the workprogram she has started as a contribution to the Network.

    Kosmas Sideris, Associate Professor, was born in Athens (1969). He received his diploma in Civil Engineering (1992) and his Ph.D. degree (1996) from the Civil Engineering Department of Democritus University of Thrace. He served as Lecturer (1998-2003) and Assistant Professor (2003-today) in the Laboratory of Building Materials at the Department of Civil Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace. He is the author of two books in Cement Hydration and Concrete Durability and the author or co-author of 90 articles published in Greek and International Journals and Conferences. Dr. Sideris is a member of several International and National Scientific Committees and Societies (ACI, RILEM, ACI Hellas Chapter, Technical Chamber of Greece, Industrial By-Product Research and Development Association) and active member of RILEM TC DSC – Durability of Self Compacting Concrete, RILEM TC HPB - Physical properties and behaviour of High-Performance Concrete at high temperature and RILEM TC MPS- Mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete committees. His main research interests are focused in the durability of reinforced concrete structures and the technology of advanced concretes (self compacting concrete, high performance concrete, fibre reinforced concrete and concrete produced with pozzolanic additives and industrial by products). His secondary research interests are in the area of hydration kinetics of plain and blended cements and the use of special chemical admixtures in concrete.