Confessional Diplomacy in Early Modern Europe examines the role of religion in early modern European diplomacy. In the period following the Reformations, Europe became divided: all over the continent, princes and their peoples split over theological, liturgical, and spiritual matters. At the same time, diplomacy rose as a means of communication and policy, and all powers established long- or short-term embassies and sent envoys to other courts and capitals. The book addresses three critical areas where questions of religion or confession played a role: papal diplomacy, priests and other clerics as diplomatic agents, and religion as a question for diplomatic debate, especially concerning embassy chapels.
Table of Contents
Foreword Anna Kalinowski
1. Confessional Diplomacy: A Short Introduction Roberta Anderson and Charlotte Backerra
Part I Papal Diplomacy
2. The Polish-Lithuanian Interregna and Papal Diplomacy Dorata Gregorowicz
3. Catholics, Heretics and the ‘Common Enemy’: Papal Diplomacy and the Great Turkish War during the Papacy of Innocent XII, 1691–1700 Béla Vilmos Mihalik
4. Renewing Roman Diplomacy? Irish Catholicism and the Mission of Fr Bonaventure de Burgo, 1709–1711 Cristina Bravo Lozano
Part II Clerics as Diplomats
5. ‘Not fit nor convenient [to] be sent on embassy in the king’s business’: The Diplomatic Missions of the Runaway Friar Robert Barnes to the Schmalkaldic League and Denmark Katharina Beiergrößlein
6. A Most Venerable Provisional Envoy: Friar Diego de la Fuente’s Diplomatic Missions to Jacobean London, 1618–1620 and 1624 Ernesto Oyarbide Magaña
7. The Role of Confessor-Ambassador: The Capuchin Diego de Quiroga and Habsburg Politics Rubén González Cuerva
Part III Religion as a Matter of Diplomacy
8. Catholic Ambassadors in a Protestant Court: London, 1603–1625 Roberta Anderson
9. Scottish Calvinists and Swedish Diplomacy, 1593–1632: The Case of Sir James Spens of Wormiston Steve Murdoch
10. Catholic Priests and Protestant Chaplains: Religion and Diplomacy in London and Vienna, 1700–1745 Charlotte Backerra
11. Imperial Chapels and Chaplains: A Comparative Study of Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Dresden in the Later Seventeenth Century Martin Bakeš and Jiří Kubeš
12. Charles XII of Sweden and the Rákóczi Uprising in Hungary: The Long-lasting Legacy of the Protestant Cause Gábor Kármán
13. Afterword Gábor Kármán
Roberta Anderson, FRHistS, is a retired Senior Lecturer in Early Modern History, Bath Spa University, Co-Director of the Premodern Diplomats Network (PDN), and is on the editorial board of Legatio, the online journal of PDN, and the advisory board of the Royal Studies Journal.
Charlotte Backerra is Assistant Professor for Early Modern History at the University of Göttingen. She has held positions as researcher and lecturer at the universities of Mainz, Stuttgart, and Darmstadt since 2009, and is Technical Editor of the Royal Studies Journal and a board member of the International Intelligence History Association.