In the past two decades, conflict archaeology has become firmly established as a promising field of research, as reflected in publications, symposia, conference sessions and fieldwork projects. It has its origins in the study of battlefields and other conflict-related phenomena in the modern Era, but numerous studies show that this theme, and at least some of its methods, techniques and theories, are also relevant for older historical and even prehistoric periods.
This book presents a series of case-studies on conflict archaeology in ancient Europe, based on the results of both recent fieldwork and a reassessment of older excavations. The chronological framework spans from the Neolithic to Late Antiquity, and the geographical scope from Iberia to Scandinavia.
Along key battlefields such as the Tollense Valley, Baecula, Alesia, Kalkriese and Harzhorn, the volume also incorporates many other sources of evidence that can be directly related to past conflict scenarios, including defensive works, military camps, battle-related ritual deposits, and symbolic representations of violence in iconography and grave goods. The aim is to explore the material evidence for the study of warfare, and to provide new theoretical and methodological insights into the archaeology of mass violence in ancient Europe and beyond.
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
The Archaeology of Warfare and Mass Violence in Ancient Europe. An Introduction.
N. Roymans/M. Fernández-Götz
NEW FORMS OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE IN THE NEOLITHIC PERIOD?
Conflict and Violence in the Neolithic of North-Western Europe.
Spanish Levantine Rock Art: A Graphic Trace of Violence and Warfare in Iberian Prehistory. E. López-Montalvo
TRIBAL WARFARE IN BRONZE AND IRON AGE EUROPE
Material Evidence of Warfare in Early and Middle Bronze Age Hungary.
V. Szeverényi/V. Kiss
Die by the Sword… or the Spear? – Early Bronze Weapons in Scandinavia.
The Bronze Age Battlefield in the Tollense Valley, Northeast Germany – Conflict Scenario Research.
G. Lidke/D. Jantzen/S. Lorenz/T. Terberger
Warfare and the Burning of Hillforts in Bronze Age Ireland.
W. O’Brien/J. O’Driscoll/N. Hogan
A Battle Between Gauls in Picardy. The Tropaion of Ribemont-sur-Ancre.
Singing the Deeds of the Ancestors. The Memory of Battle in Late Iron Age Gaul and Iberia.
A. Pérez Rubio
MASS VIOLENCE AND IMPERIAL EXPANSION (1): IBERIA
Rome Versus Carthage. The Second Punic War Battlefield of Baecula and the Siege of Iliturgi.
J. P. Bellón Ruiz/M. Molinos/C. Rueda/M. A. Lechuga Chica/A. Ruiz Rodríguez
Archaeological Perspectives on the Siege of Numantia: The New Fieldwork Project at the Roman Camps at Renieblas (Spain, 2nd-1st c. BC).
A. Jiménez/J. Bermejo/R. Liceras/F. Moreno/K. Tardio
The Battle at Monte Bernorio and the Augustan Conquest of Cantabrian Spain.
M. Fernández-Götz/J. Torres- Martínez/A. Martínez Velasco
Rediscovering the Roman Conquest of the North-Western Iberian Peninsula.
J. M. Costa García
MASS VIOLENCE AND IMPERIAL EXPANSION (2): GAUL AND GERMANIA
Cimbri and Teutones Against Rome. First Research Results Concerning the Battle of Arausio (105 BC).
A. Deyber/T. Luginbühl
A Roman Massacre in the Far North. Caesar’s Annihilation of the Tencteri and Usipetes in the Dutch River Area.
The Battlefield of Alesia.
Tracing Julius Caesar – The Late-Republican Military Camp at Hermeskeil and its Historical Context.
The Germanic-Roman Battlefields of Kalkriese and Harzhorn. A Methodological Comparison.
Ritual Sacrifices of Military Equipment in the ‘Thorsberger Moor’.
R. Blankenfeldt/C. von Carnap-Bornheim
The EAA Monograph Series Themes in Contemporary Archaeology provides cutting edge perspectives on key areas of debate in current archaeological enquiry, with a particular emphasis on European archaeology. The series has a broad coverage, encompassing all periods and archaeological approaches, from theoretical debate to archaeological practice. The multi-author volumes are based on selected sessions from the annual conferences of the European Association of Archaeologists. Each volume undergoes strict peer-review, ensuring volumes of high quality that capture current debates in the field.
Series Editors: Kristian Kristiansen, Eszter Bánffy and Cyprian Broodbank.