Conflict Archaeology: Materialities of Collective Violence from Prehistory to Late Antiquity, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Conflict Archaeology

Materialities of Collective Violence from Prehistory to Late Antiquity, 1st Edition

Edited by Manuel Fernández-Götz, Nico Roymans


236 pages | 62 Color Illus.

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pub: 2017-12-27
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In the past two decades, conflict archaeology has become firmly established as a promising field of research, as reflected in publications, symposia, conference sessions and fieldwork projects. It has its origins in the study of battlefields and other conflict-related phenomena in the modern Era, but numerous studies show that this theme, and at least some of its methods, techniques and theories, are also relevant for older historical and even prehistoric periods.

This book presents a series of case-studies on conflict archaeology in ancient Europe, based on the results of both recent fieldwork and a reassessment of older excavations. The chronological framework spans from the Neolithic to Late Antiquity, and the geographical scope from Iberia to Scandinavia.

Along key battlefields such as the Tollense Valley, Baecula, Alesia, Kalkriese and Harzhorn, the volume also incorporates many other sources of evidence that can be directly related to past conflict scenarios, including defensive works, military camps, battle-related ritual deposits, and symbolic representations of violence in iconography and grave goods. The aim is to explore the material evidence for the study of warfare, and to provide new theoretical and methodological insights into the archaeology of mass violence in ancient Europe and beyond.

Table of Contents



The Archaeology of Warfare and Mass Violence in Ancient Europe. An Introduction.

N. Roymans/M. Fernández-Götz


Conflict and Violence in the Neolithic of North-Western Europe.

L. Fibinger

Spanish Levantine Rock Art: A Graphic Trace of Violence and Warfare in Iberian Prehistory. E. López-Montalvo


Material Evidence of Warfare in Early and Middle Bronze Age Hungary.

V. Szeverényi/V. Kiss

Die by the Sword… or the Spear? – Early Bronze Weapons in Scandinavia.

C. Horn

The Bronze Age Battlefield in the Tollense Valley, Northeast Germany – Conflict Scenario Research.

G. Lidke/D. Jantzen/S. Lorenz/T. Terberger

Warfare and the Burning of Hillforts in Bronze Age Ireland.

W. O’Brien/J. O’Driscoll/N. Hogan

A Battle Between Gauls in Picardy. The Tropaion of Ribemont-sur-Ancre.

J.-L. Brunaux

Singing the Deeds of the Ancestors. The Memory of Battle in Late Iron Age Gaul and Iberia.

A. Pérez Rubio


Rome Versus Carthage. The Second Punic War Battlefield of Baecula and the Siege of Iliturgi.

J. P. Bellón Ruiz/M. Molinos/C. Rueda/M. A. Lechuga Chica/A. Ruiz Rodríguez

Archaeological Perspectives on the Siege of Numantia: The New Fieldwork Project at the Roman Camps at Renieblas (Spain, 2nd-1st c. BC).

A. Jiménez/J. Bermejo/R. Liceras/F. Moreno/K. Tardio

The Battle at Monte Bernorio and the Augustan Conquest of Cantabrian Spain.

M. Fernández-Götz/J. Torres- Martínez/A. Martínez Velasco

Rediscovering the Roman Conquest of the North-Western Iberian Peninsula.

J. M. Costa García


Cimbri and Teutones Against Rome. First Research Results Concerning the Battle of Arausio (105 BC).

A. Deyber/T. Luginbühl

A Roman Massacre in the Far North. Caesar’s Annihilation of the Tencteri and Usipetes in the Dutch River Area.

N. Roymans

The Battlefield of Alesia.

M. Reddé

Tracing Julius Caesar – The Late-Republican Military Camp at Hermeskeil and its Historical Context.

S. Hornung

The Germanic-Roman Battlefields of Kalkriese and Harzhorn. A Methodological Comparison.

M. Meyer

Ritual Sacrifices of Military Equipment in the ‘Thorsberger Moor’.

R. Blankenfeldt/C. von Carnap-Bornheim

About the Editors

Manuel Fernández-Götz is Reader in Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh, Executive Board Member of the European Association of Archaeologists, and winner of the Philip Leverhulme Prize in Archaeology. His main areas of interest are Iron Age societies in Central and Western Europe, the archaeology of identities and the comparative archaeology of the Roman conquest.

Nico Roymans is full professor of West European archaeology at VU University Amsterdam. His research interests include the social organisation of Late Iron Age societies, the archaeology of Celto-Germanic societies and their integration into the Roman world, ethnicity and ethnogenesis in the Roman Empire and the archaeology of mass violence and genocide.

About the Series

Themes in Contemporary Archaeology

The EAA Monograph Series Themes in Contemporary Archaeology provides cutting edge perspectives on key areas of debate in current archaeological enquiry, with a particular emphasis on European archaeology. The series has a broad coverage, encompassing all periods and archaeological approaches, from theoretical debate to archaeological practice. The multi-author volumes are based on selected sessions from the annual conferences of the European Association of Archaeologists. Each volume undergoes strict peer-review, ensuring volumes of high quality that capture current debates in the field.

Series Editors: Kristian Kristiansen, Eszter Bánffy and Cyprian Broodbank.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology